Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009/Title XXXI

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Contents

TITLE XXXI—DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS[edit]

Subtitle A--National Security Programs Authorizations[edit]

SEC. 3101. NATIONAL NUCLEAR SECURITY ADMINISTRATION.[edit]

(a) Authorization of Appropriations- Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated to the Department of Energy for fiscal year 2009 for the activities of the National Nuclear Security Administration in carrying out programs necessary for national security in the amount of $9,752,507,000, to be allocated as follows:
(1) For weapons activities, $6,625,111,000.
(2) For defense nuclear nonproliferation activities, including $528,782,000 for fissile materials disposition, $1,895,261,000.
(3) For naval reactors, $828,054,000.
(4) For the Office of the Administrator for Nuclear Security, $404,081,000.
(b) Authorization of New Plant Projects- From funds referred to in subsection (a) that are available for carrying out plant projects, the Secretary of Energy may carry out new plant projects for the National Nuclear Security Administration as follows:
(1) For readiness in technical base and facilities, the following new plant projects:
Project 09-D-404, Test Capabilities Revitalization Phase 2, Sandia National Laboratory, Albuquerque, New Mexico, $3,200,000.
Project 08-D-806, Ion Beam Laboratory Project, Sandia National Laboratory, Albuquerque, New Mexico, $10,014,000.
(2) For naval reactors, the following new plant projects:
Project 09-D-902, Naval Reactors Facility Production Support Complex, Naval Reactors Facility, Idaho Falls, Idaho, $8,300,000.
Project 09-D-190, Project engineering and design, Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory infrastructure upgrades, Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory, Kesselring Site, Schenectady, New York, $1,000,000.

SEC. 3102. DEFENSE ENVIRONMENTAL CLEANUP.[edit]

Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated to the Department of Energy for fiscal year 2009 for defense environmental cleanup activities in carrying out programs necessary for national security in the amount of $5,297,256,000.

SEC. 3103. OTHER DEFENSE ACTIVITIES.[edit]

Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated to the Department of Energy for fiscal year 2009 for other defense activities in carrying out programs necessary for national security in the amount of $826,453,000.

SEC. 3104. DEFENSE NUCLEAR WASTE DISPOSAL.[edit]

Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated to the Department of Energy for fiscal year 2009 for defense nuclear waste disposal for payment to the Nuclear Waste Fund established in section 302(c) of the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 (42 U.S.C. 10222(c)) in the amount of $222,371,000.

SEC. 3105. ENERGY SECURITY AND ASSURANCE.[edit]

Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated to the Department of Energy for fiscal year 2009 for energy security and assurance programs necessary for national security in the amount of $7,622,000.

Subtitle B--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, and Limitations[edit]

SEC. 3111. MODIFICATION OF FUNCTIONS OF ADMINISTRATOR FOR NUCLEAR SECURITY TO INCLUDE ELIMINATION OF SURPLUS FISSILE MATERIALS USABLE FOR NUCLEAR WEAPONS.[edit]

Section 3212(b) of the National Nuclear Security Administration Act (50 U.S.C. 2402(b)) is amended--

(1) by redesignating paragraph (18) as paragraph (19); and
(2) by inserting after paragraph (17) the following new paragraph (18):
`(18) Eliminating inventories of surplus fissile materials usable for nuclear weapons.'.

SEC. 3112. LIMITATION ON FUNDING FOR PROJECT 04-D-125 CHEMISTRY AND METALLURGY RESEARCH REPLACEMENT FACILITY PROJECT, LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY, LOS ALAMOS, NEW MEXICO.[edit]

Of the amounts appropriated pursuant to an authorization of appropriations in this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2009 for Project 04-D-125 Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Replacement (in this section referred to as `CMRR') facility project, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, not more than $50,200,000 may be made available until--

(1) the Administrator for Nuclear Security and the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board have each submitted a certification to the congressional defense committees stating that the concerns raised by the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board regarding the design of CMRR safety class systems (including ventilation systems) and seismic issues have been resolved; and
(2) a period of 15 days has elapsed after both certifications under paragraph (1) have been submitted.

SEC. 3113. NONPROLIFERATION AND NATIONAL SECURITY SCHOLARSHIP AND FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM.[edit]

(a) Establishment- The Administrator for Nuclear Security shall carry out a program to provide scholarships and fellowships for the purpose of enabling individuals to qualify for employment in the nonproliferation and national security programs of the Department of Energy.
(b) Eligible Individuals- An individual shall be eligible for a scholarship or fellowship under the program established under this section if the individual--
(1) is a citizen or national of the United States or an alien lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent residence;
(2) has been accepted for enrollment or is currently enrolled as a full-time student at an institution of higher education (as defined in section 102(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1002(a));
(3) is pursuing a program of education that leads to an appropriate higher education degree in a qualifying field of study, as determined by the Administrator;
(4) enters into an agreement described in subsection (c); and
(5) meets such other requirements as the Administrator prescribes.
(c) Agreement- An individual seeking a scholarship or fellowship under the program established under this section shall enter into an agreement, in writing, with the Administrator that includes the following:
(1) The agreement of the Administrator to provide such individual with a scholarship or fellowship in the form of educational assistance for a specified number of school years (not to exceed five school years) during which such individual is pursuing a program of education in a qualifying field of study, which educational assistance may include payment of tuition, fees, books, laboratory expenses, and a stipend.
(2) The agreement of such individual--
(A) to accept such educational assistance;
(B) to maintain enrollment and attendance in a program of education described in subsection (b)(2) until such individual completes such program;
(C) while enrolled in such program, to maintain satisfactory academic progress in such program, as determined by the institution of higher education in which such individual is enrolled; and
(D) after completion of such program, to serve as a full-time employee in a nonproliferation or national security position in the Department of Energy or at a laboratory of the Department for a period of not less than 12 months for each school year or part of a school year for which such individual receives a scholarship or fellowship under the program established under this section.
(3) The agreement of such individual with respect to the repayment requirements specified in subsection (d).
(d) Repayment-
(1) IN GENERAL- An individual receiving a scholarship or fellowship under the program established under this section shall agree to pay to the United States the total amount of educational assistance provided to such individual under such program, plus interest at the rate prescribed by paragraph (4), if such individual--
(A) does not complete the program of education agreed to pursuant to subsection (c)(2)(B);
(B) completes such program of education but declines to serve in a position in the Department of Energy or at a laboratory of the Department as agreed to pursuant to subsection (c)(2)(D); or
(C) is voluntarily separated from service or involuntarily separated for cause from the Department of Energy or a laboratory of the Department before the end of the period for which such individual agreed to continue in the service of the Department pursuant to subsection (c)(2)(D).
(2) FAILURE TO REPAY- If an individual who received a scholarship or fellowship under the program established under this section is required to repay, pursuant to an agreement under paragraph (1), the total amount of educational assistance provided to such individual under such program, plus interest at the rate prescribed by paragraph (4), and fails repay such amount, a sum equal to such amount (plus such interest) is recoverable by the United States Government from such individual or the estate of such individual by--
(A) in the case of an individual who is an employee of the United States Government, setoff against accrued pay, compensation, amount of retirement credit, or other amount due the employee from the Government; or
(B) such other method as is provided by law for the recovery of amounts owed to the Government.
(3) WAIVER OF REPAYMENT- The Administrator may waive, in whole or in part, repayment by an individual under this subsection if the Administrator determines that seeking recovery under paragraph (2) would be against equity and good conscience or would be contrary to the best interests of the United States.
(4) RATE OF INTEREST- For purposes of repayment under this subsection, the total amount of educational assistance provided to an individual under the program established under this section shall bear interest at the applicable rate of interest under section 427A(c) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1077a(c)).
(e) Preference for Cooperative Education Students- In evaluating individuals for the award of a scholarship or fellowship under the program established under this section, the Administrator may give a preference to an individual who is enrolled in, or accepted for enrollment in, an institution of higher education that has a cooperative education program with the Department of Energy.
(f) Coordination of Benefits- A scholarship or fellowship awarded under the program established under this section shall be taken into account in determining the eligibility of an individual receiving such scholarship or fellowship for Federal student financial assistance provided under title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1070 et seq.).
(g) Report to Congress- Not later than January 1, 2010, the Administrator shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the activities carried out under the program established under this section, including any recommendations for future activities under such program.
(h) Funding- Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated by section 3101(a)(2) for defense nuclear nonproliferation activities, $3,000,000 shall be available to carry out the program established under this section.

SEC. 3114. ENHANCING NUCLEAR FORENSICS CAPABILITIES.[edit]

(a) Research and Development Plan for Nuclear Forensics and Attribution-
(1) RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT- The Secretary of Energy shall prepare and implement a research and development plan to improve nuclear forensics capabilities in the Department of Energy and at the national laboratories overseen by the Department of Energy. The plan shall focus on improving the technical capabilities required--
(A) to enable a robust and timely nuclear forensic response to a nuclear explosion or to the interdiction of nuclear material or a nuclear weapon anywhere in the world; and
(B) to develop an international database that can attribute nuclear material or a nuclear weapon to its source.
(2) REPORTS-
(A) The Secretary of Energy shall submit to the congressional defense committees--
(i) not later than 6 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, a report on the contents of the research and development plan described in paragraph (1), and any legislative changes required to implement the plan; and
(ii) not later than 18 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, a report on the status of implementing the plan.
(B) The Secretary shall submit each report required by this subsection in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex with such report.
(b) Additional Information in the Report on Nuclear Forensics Capabilities- Section 3129(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 585) is amended--
(1) in paragraph (2), by striking `and' at the end;
(2) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the end and inserting `; and'; and
(3) by adding at the end the following:
`(4) any legislative, regulatory, or treaty actions necessary to facilitate international cooperation in enhancement of international nuclear-material databases and the linking of those databases to enable prompt access to data.'.
(c) Presidential Report-
(1) IN GENERAL- Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the President shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the involvement of senior-level executive branch leadership in nuclear terrorism preparedness exercises that include nuclear forensics analysis.
(2) APPROPRIATE COMMITTEES OF CONGRESS- In this subsection, the term `appropriate committees of Congress' means--
(A) the Committee on Appropriations, the Committee on Armed Services, and the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives; and
(B) the Committee on Appropriations, the Committee on Armed Services, and the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate.

SEC. 3115. UTILIZATION OF CONTRIBUTIONS TO INTERNATIONAL NUCLEAR MATERIALS PROTECTION AND COOPERATION PROGRAM AND RUSSIAN PLUTONIUM DISPOSITION PROGRAM.[edit]

Section 3114 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (50 U.S.C. 2301 note) is amended--

(1) in the heading, by striking `second line of defense program' and inserting `international nuclear materials protection and cooperation program and russian plutonium disposition program';
(2) by striking `Second Line of Defense program' each place it appears and inserting `International Nuclear Materials Protection and Cooperation program or Russian Plutonium Disposition program'; and
(3) in subsection (f), by striking `2013' and inserting `2015'.

SEC. 3116. REVIEW OF AND REPORTS ON GLOBAL INITIATIVES FOR PROLIFERATION PREVENTION PROGRAM.[edit]

(a) Review of Program-
(1) IN GENERAL- The Administrator for Nuclear Security shall conduct a review of the Global Initiatives for Proliferation Prevention program.
(2) REPORT REQUIRED- Not later than October 1, 2009, the Administrator shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report setting forth the results of the review required under paragraph (1). The report shall include each of the following:
(A) A description of the goals of the Global Initiatives for Proliferation Prevention program and the criteria for partnership projects under the program.
(B) Recommendations regarding the following:
(i) Whether to continue or bring to a close each of the partnership projects under the program in existence on the date of the enactment of this Act, and, if any such project is recommended to be continued, a description of how that project will meet the criteria under subparagraph (A).
(ii) Whether to enter into new partnership projects under the program with Russia or other countries of the former Soviet Union.
(iii) Whether to enter into new partnership projects under the program in countries other than countries of the former Soviet Union.
(C) A plan and criteria for completing partnership projects under the program.
(b) Report on Funding for Projects Under Program-
(1) IN GENERAL- The Administrator shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on--
(A) the purposes for which amounts made available for the Global Initiatives for Proliferation Prevention program for fiscal year 2009 will be obligated or expended; and
(B) the amount to be obligated or expended for each partnership project under the program in fiscal year 2009.
(2) LIMITATION ON FUNDING BEFORE SUBMITTAL OF REPORT- None of the amounts authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2009 by section 3101(a)(2) for defense nuclear nonproliferation activities and available for the Global Initiatives for Proliferation Prevention program may be obligated or expended until the date that is 30 days after the date on which the Administrator submits to the congressional defense committees the report required under paragraph (1).

SEC. 3117. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR GLOBAL NUCLEAR ENERGY PARTNERSHIP.[edit]

(a) Limitation- Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2009 by section 3101(a)(2) for defense nuclear nonproliferation activities, not more than $3,000,000 may be used for projects that are specifically designed for the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership. Any amount so used may not be expended until 30 days after the date on which the Administrator of the National Nuclear Security Administration submits to Congress a report that describes in detail the full amount of funding that the Administrator plans to expend for any effort related to the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership.
(b) Use of Funds- Any amount made available pursuant to an authorization of appropriations under section 3101(a)(2) that is covered by the limitation under subsection (a) shall only be available for nonproliferation risk assessments relating to the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership and related work on export control reviews and determinations.

Subtitle C--Reports[edit]

SEC. 3121. EXTENSION OF DEADLINE FOR COMPTROLLER GENERAL REPORT ON DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROTECTIVE FORCE MANAGEMENT.[edit]

Section 3124(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 580) is amended by striking `Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act,' and inserting `Not later than March 1, 2009,'.

SEC. 3122. REPORT ON COMPLIANCE WITH DESIGN BASIS THREAT ISSUED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY IN 2005.[edit]

(a) In General- Not later than January 2, 2009, the Secretary of Energy shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report setting forth the status of the compliance of Department of Energy sites with the Design Basis Threat issued by the Department in November 2005 (in this section referred to as the `2005 Design Basis Threat').
(b) Elements- The report required by subsection (a) shall include the following:
(1) For each Department of Energy site subject to the 2005 Design Basis Threat, an assessment of whether the site has achieved compliance with the 2005 Design Basis Threat.
(2) For each such site that has not achieved compliance with the 2005 Design Basis Threat--
(A) a description of the reasons for the failure to achieve compliance;
(B) a plan to achieve compliance;
(C) a description of the actions that will be taken to mitigate any security shortfalls until compliance is achieved; and
(D) an estimate of the annual funding requirements to achieve compliance.
(3) A list of such sites with Category I nuclear materials that the Secretary determines will not achieve compliance with the 2005 Design Basis Threat.
(4) For each site identified under paragraph (3), a plan to remove all Category I nuclear materials from such site, including--
(A) a schedule for the removal of such nuclear materials from such site;
(B) a clear description of the actions that will be taken to ensure the security of such nuclear materials; and
(C) an estimate of the annual funding requirements to remove such nuclear materials from such site.
(5) An assessment of the adequacy of the 2005 Design Basis Threat in addressing security threats at Department of Energy sites, and a description of any plans for updating, modifying, or otherwise revising the approach taken by the 2005 Design Basis Threat to establish enhanced security requirements for Department of Energy sites.

SEC. 3123. MODIFICATION OF SUBMITTAL OF REPORTS ON INADVERTENT RELEASES OF RESTRICTED DATA.[edit]

(a) In General- Section 4522 of the Atomic Energy Defense Act (50 U.S.C. 2672) is amended--
(1) in subsection (e), by striking `on a periodic basis' and inserting `in each even-numbered year'; and
(2) in subsection (f), by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following new paragraph (2):
`(2) The Secretary of Energy shall, in each even-numbered year beginning in 2010, submit to the committees and Assistant to the President specified in subsection (d) a report identifying any inadvertent releases of Restricted Data or Formerly Restricted Data under Executive Order No. 12958 discovered in the two-year period preceding the submittal of the report.'.
(b) Technical Correction- Subsection (e) of such section, as amended by subsection (a)(1) of this section, is further amended by striking `subsection (b)(4)' and inserting `subsection (b)(5)'.