Eminent Chinese of the Ch'ing Period/Chang T'ing-shu

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CHANG T'ing-shu 張廷樞 (T. 景峰) d. 1729, official, was a native of Han-ch'êng, Shensi. His father, Chang Ku-hsing (張顧行, a chin-shih of 1667), was grain intendant of Nanking. Chang T'ing-shu became a chin-shih in 1682 and after a period of study in the Hanlin Academy received the rank of a compiler. In 1691 he became diarist attached to the Office for Keeping a Diary of the Emperor's Movements (日講起居注官), and after several promotions he was made in 1706 junior vice-president of the Board of Civil Office. Soon after this he was associated with Sihana 席哈納 (Grand Secretary, 1702–08) and Hsiao Yung-tsao [q. v.] in reviewing a case which involved several officials. In 1709 he became president of the Board of Punishments, but in the following year was removed from office for commuting sentences by his own authority. In 1712 he was again placed in office as president of the Board of Works, and was a member of the second commission to try the case of Chang Po-hsing and Gali [qq. v.] which recommended that the latter be dismissed. In 1713 he was again president of the Board of Punishments, but in 1723 was degraded five ranks on a charge of purposely giving too light a sentence to Ch'ên Mêng-lei [q. v.]. He then returned home. His son, Chang chin 張縉, a chin-shih of 1713 who held the sinecure post of secretary of the Supervisorate of Imperial Instruction, also took sick leave and returned home. In 1728 Chang T'ing-shu was accused of having some years before accepted a bribe, but he died while on the way to his trial. Chang Chin was banished for not securing delivery of the funds in question, and his family property was confiscated. Another son, Chang Yen 張綖, a chin-shih of 1715, once held office as a secretary of the Board of Revenue.

[1/270/6a; 2/13/5a; 3/60/28a; 4/21/18b; 12/14/40b.]

Dean R. Wickes