Eminent Chinese of the Ch'ing Period/Sahaliyen

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SAHALIYEN 薩哈璘, d. 1636, age 33 (sui), was a member of the Imperial Family, and the third son of Daišan [q. v.]. Possessed of an education rather above the average, he began his military career by taking part in the 1625 and 1626 campaigns against Mongol tribes—the Chahar, the Barin, and the Jarut—for which in the latter year he was promoted to the rank of beile. In 1627 he was wounded at T'a-shan while fighting the Chinese in the attempt to capture the cities of Chin-chou and Ning-yüan. Two years later he was one of the leading spirits in the expedition which penetrated China from Mongolia; and after the capture of Yung-p'ing on February 15, 1630, he shared with Jirgalang [q. v.] the task of holding the city. Shortly afterwards Amin [q. v.] was sent to relieve them and Sahaliyen returned to Shêng-ching (Mukden), the capital, where in the following year he was placed in charge of the Ministry of Rites in the newly organized government. For the next five years, while carrying on the duties of his office, he was intermittently active in the war against the Ming in Shansi. At the beginning of 1636 he fell suddenly ill, and died four months later. He was posthumously given the title of Ying ch'in-wang 頴親王, and in 1671 the name of I 毅. During the Ch'ien-lung period, in 1754, he was given a place in the Temple of Eminent Princes at Shêng-ching. His second son, Lekedehun [q. v.], was the founder of a second-class princedom with rights of perpetual inheritance.


[1/222/13b; 2/2/37/a; 3/首7/6a; 34/122/1a.]

George A. Kennedy