# Encyclopædia Britannica, Ninth Edition/Cambaluc

The new city formed a rectangle, enclosed by a colossal mud-rampart, the longer sides of which ran north and south. These were each about 5${\displaystyle \scriptstyle {\frac {1}{3}}}$ English miles in length, the shorter sides 3${\displaystyle \scriptstyle {\frac {3}{4}}}$, so that the circuit was upwards of 18 miles. The palace of the khan, with its gardens and lake, itself formed an inner inclosure fronting the south. There were eleven city gates, viz., three on the south side, always the formal front with the Tartars, and two on each of the other sides; and the streets ran wide and straight from gate to gate (except, of course, where interrupted by the palace-walls), forming an oblong chess-board plan.