Encyclopædia Britannica, Ninth Edition/John Julius Angerstein

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ANGERSTEIN, John Julius, an opulent London merchant, and a distinguished patron of the fine arts, was born at St Petersburg in 1735, and settled in London about 1749. His collection of paintings, consisting of about forty of the most exquisite specimens of the art, purchased by the English Government, on his death in 1822, for 60,000, formed the nucleus of the National Gallery.