Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007/Title VIII/Subtitle A

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SUBTITLE A — MANAGEMENT IMPROVEMENTS[edit]

Sec. 801. National Media Campaign.[edit]

(a) In General.—
The Secretary, acting through the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (referred to in this section as the “Secretary”), shall develop and conduct a national media campaign—
(1) to increase energy efficiency throughout the economy of the United States during the 10-year period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act;
(2) to promote the national security benefits associated with increased energy efficiency; and
(3) to decrease oil consumption in the United States during the 10-year period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act.
(b) Contract With Entity.—
The Secretary shall carry out subsection (a) directly or through—
(1) competitively bid contracts with 1 or more nationally recognized media firms for the development and distribution of monthly television, radio, and newspaper public service announcements; or
(2) collective agreements with 1 or more nationally recognized institutes, businesses, or nonprofit organizations for the funding, development, and distribution of monthly television, radio, and newspaper public service announcements.
(c) Use of Funds.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—
Amounts made available to carry out this section shall be used for—
(A) advertising costs, including—
(i) the purchase of media time and space;
(ii) creative and talent costs;
(iii) testing and evaluation of advertising; and
(iv) evaluation of the effectiveness of the media campaign; and
(B) administrative costs, including operational and management expenses.
(2) LIMITATIONS.—
In carrying out this section, the Secretary shall allocate not less than 85 percent of funds made available under subsection (e) for each fiscal year for the advertising functions specified under paragraph (1)(A).
(d) Reports.—
The Secretary shall annually submit to Congress a report that describes—
(1) the strategy of the national media campaign and whether specific objectives of the campaign were accomplished, including—
(A) determinations concerning the rate of change of energy consumption, in both absolute and per capita terms; and
(B) an evaluation that enables consideration of whether the media campaign contributed to reduction of energy consumption;
(2) steps taken to ensure that the national media campaign operates in an effective and efficient manner consistent with the overall strategy and focus of the campaign;
(3) plans to purchase advertising time and space;
(4) policies and practices implemented to ensure that Federal funds are used responsibly to purchase advertising time and space and eliminate the potential for waste, fraud, and abuse; and
(5) all contracts or cooperative agreements entered into with a corporation, partnership, or individual working on behalf of the national media campaign.
(e) Authorization of Appropriations.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—
There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 through 2012.
(2) DECREASED OIL CONSUMPTION.—
The Secretary shall use not less than 50 percent of the amount that is made available under this section for each fiscal year to develop and conduct a national media campaign to decrease oil consumption in the United States over the next decade.

Sec. 802. Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline Administration.[edit]

Section 106 of the Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline Act (15 U.S.C. 720d) is amended by adding at the end the following:


``(h) Administration.—
``(1) PERSONNEL APPOINTMENTS.—
``(A) IN GENERAL.— The Federal Coordinator may appoint and terminate such personnel as the Federal Coordinator determines to be appropriate.
``(B) AUTHORITY OF FEDERAL COORDINATOR.— Personnel appointed by the Federal Coordinator under subparagraph (A) shall be appointed without regard to the provisions of title 5, United States Code, governing appointments in the competitive service.
``(2) COMPENSATION.—
``(A) IN GENERAL.— Subject to subparagraph (B), personnel appointed by the Federal Coordinator under paragraph (1)(A) shall be paid without regard to the provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of title 5, United States Code (relating to classification and General Schedule pay rates).
``(B) MAXIMUM LEVEL OF COMPENSATION.— The rate of pay for personnel appointed by the Federal Coordinator under paragraph (1)(A) shall not exceed the maximum level of rate payable for level III of the Executive Schedule (5 U.S.C. 5314).
``(C) ALLOWANCES.— Section 5941 of title 5, United States Code, shall apply to personnel appointed by the Federal Coordinator under paragraph (1)(A).
``(3) TEMPORARY SERVICES.—
``(A) IN GENERAL.— The Federal Coordinator may procure temporary and intermittent services in accordance with section 3109(b) of title 5, United States Code.
``(B) MAXIMUM LEVEL OF COMPENSATION.— The level of compensation of an individual employed on a temporary or intermittent basis under subparagraph (A) shall not exceed the maximum level of rate payable for level III of the Executive Schedule (5 U.S.C. 5314).
``(4) FEES, CHARGES, AND COMMISSIONS.—
``(A) IN GENERAL.— With respect to the duties of the Federal Coordinator, as described in this Act, the Federal Coordinator shall have similar authority to establish, change, and abolish reasonable filing and service fees, charges, and commissions, require deposits of payments, and provide refunds as provided to the Secretary of the Interior in section 304 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1734).
``(B) AUTHORITY OF SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR.— Subparagraph (A) shall not affect the authority of the Secretary of the Interior to establish, change, and abolish reasonable filing and service fees, charges, and commissions, require deposits of payments, and provide refunds under section 304 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1734).
``(C) USE OF FUNDS.— The Federal Coordinator is authorized to use, without further appropriation, amounts collected under subparagraph (A) to carry out this section.´´.


Sec. 803. Renewable Energy Deployment.[edit]

(a) Definitions.—
In this section:
(1) ALASKA SMALL HYDROELECTRIC POWER.—
The term “Alaska small hydroelectric power” means power that—
(A) is generated—
(i) in the State of Alaska;
(ii) without the use of a dam or impoundment of water; and
(iii) through the use of—
(I) a lake tap (but not a perched alpine lake); or
(II) a run-of-river screened at the point of diversion; and
(B) has a nameplate capacity rating of a wattage that is not more than 15 megawatts.
(2) ELIGIBLE APPLICANT.—
The term “eligible applicant” means any—
(A) governmental entity;
(B) private utility;
(C) public utility;
(D) municipal utility;
(E) cooperative utility;
(F) Indian tribes; and
(G) Regional Corporation (as defined in section 3 of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1602)).
(3) OCEAN ENERGY.—
(A) INCLUSIONS.—
The term “ocean energy” includes current, wave, and tidal energy.
(B) EXCLUSION.—
The term “ocean energy” excludes thermal energy.
(4) RENEWABLE ENERGY PROJECT.—
The term “renewable energy project” means a project—
(A) for the commercial generation of electricity; and
(B) that generates electricity from—
(i) solar, wind, or geothermal energy or ocean energy;
(ii) biomass (as defined in section 203(b) of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 15852(b)));
(iii) landfill gas; or
(iv) Alaska small hydroelectric power.
(b) Renewable Energy Construction Grants.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—
The Secretary shall use amounts appropriated under this section to make grants for use in carrying out renewable energy projects.
(2) CRITERIA.—
Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall set forth criteria for use in awarding grants under this section.
(3) APPLICATION.—
To receive a grant from the Secretary under paragraph (1), an eligible applicant shall submit to the Secretary an application at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary may require, including a written assurance that—
(A) all laborers and mechanics employed by contractors or subcontractors during construction, alteration, or repair that is financed, in whole or in part, by a grant under this section shall be paid wages at rates not less than those prevailing on similar construction in the locality, as determined by the Secretary of Labor in accordance with sections 3141-3144, 3146, and 3147 of title 40, United States Code; and
(B) the Secretary of Labor shall, with respect to the labor standards described in this paragraph, have the authority and functions set forth in Reorganization Plan Numbered 14 of 1950 (5 U.S.C. App.) and section 3145 of title 40, United States Code.
(4) NON-FEDERAL SHARE.—
Each eligible applicant that receives a grant under this subsection shall contribute to the total cost of the renewable energy project constructed by the eligible applicant an amount not less than 50 percent of the total cost of the project.
(c) Authorization of Appropriations.—
There are authorized to be appropriated to the Fund such sums as are necessary to carry out this section.

Sec. 804. Coordination of Planned Refinery Outages.[edit]

(a) Definitions.—
In this section:
(1) ADMINISTRATOR.—
The term “Administrator” means the Administrator of the Energy Information Administration.
(2) PLANNED REFINERY OUTAGE.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—
The term “planned refinery outage” means a removal, scheduled before the date on which the removal occurs, of a refinery, or any unit of a refinery, from service for maintenance, repair, or modification.
(B) EXCLUSION.—
The term “planned refinery outage” does not include any necessary and unplanned removal of a refinery, or any unit of a refinery, from service as a result of a component failure, safety hazard, emergency, or action reasonably anticipated to be necessary to prevent such events.
(3) REFINED PETROLEUM PRODUCT.—
The term “refined petroleum product” means any gasoline, diesel fuel, fuel oil, lubricating oil, liquid petroleum gas, or other petroleum distillate that is produced through the refining or processing of crude oil or an oil derived from tar sands, shale, or coal.
(4) REFINERY.—
The term “refinery” means a facility used in the production of a refined petroleum product through distillation, cracking, or any other process.
(b) Review and Analysis of Available Information.—
The Administrator shall, on an ongoing basis—
(1) review information on refinery outages that is available from commercial reporting services;
(2) analyze that information to determine whether the scheduling of a refinery outage may nationally or regionally substantially affect the price or supply of any refined petroleum product by—
(A) decreasing the production of the refined petroleum product; and
(B) causing or contributing to a retail or wholesale supply shortage or disruption;
(3) not less frequently than twice each year, submit to the Secretary a report describing the results of the review and analysis under paragraphs (1) and (2); and
(4) specifically alert the Secretary of any refinery outage that the Administrator determines may nationally or regionally substantially affect the price or supply of a refined petroleum product.
(c) Action by Secretary.—
On a determination by the Secretary, based on a report or alert under paragraph (3) or (4) of subsection (b), that a refinery outage may affect the price or supply of a refined petroleum product, the Secretary shall make available to refinery operators information on planned refinery outages to encourage reductions of the quantity of refinery capacity that is out of service at any time.
(d) Limitation.—
Nothing in this section shall alter any existing legal obligation or responsibility of a refinery operator, or create any legal right of action, nor shall this section authorize the Secretary—
(1) to prohibit a refinery operator from conducting a planned refinery outage; or
(2) to require a refinery operator to continue to operate a refinery.

Sec. 805. Assessment of Resources.[edit]

(a) 5-Year Plan.—
(1) ESTABLISHMENT.—
The Administrator of the Energy Information Administration (referred to in this section as the “Administrator”) shall establish a 5-year plan to enhance the quality and scope of the data collection necessary to ensure the scope, accuracy, and timeliness of the information needed for efficient functioning of energy markets and related financial operations.
(2) REQUIREMENT.—
In establishing the plan under paragraph (1), the Administrator shall pay particular attention to—
(A) data series terminated because of budget constraints;
(B) data on demand response;
(C) timely data series of State-level information;
(D) improvements in the area of oil and gas data;
(E) improvements in data on solid byproducts from coal-based energy-producing facilities; and
(F) the ability to meet applicable deadlines under Federal law (including regulations) to provide data required by Congress.
(b) Submission to Congress.—
The Administrator shall submit to Congress the plan established under subsection (a), including a description of any improvements needed to enhance the ability of the Administrator to collect and process energy information in a manner consistent with the needs of energy markets.
(c) Guidelines.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—
The Administrator shall—
(A) establish guidelines to ensure the quality, comparability, and scope of State energy data, including data on energy production and consumption by product and sector and renewable and alternative sources, required to provide a comprehensive, accurate energy profile at the State level;
(B) share company-level data collected at the State level with each State involved, in a manner consistent with the legal authorities, confidentiality protections, and stated uses in effect at the time the data were collected, subject to the condition that the State shall agree to reasonable requirements for use of the data, as the Administrator may require;
(C) assess any existing gaps in data obtained and compiled by the Energy Information Administration; and
(D) evaluate the most cost-effective ways to address any data quality and quantity issues in conjunction with State officials.
(2) CONSULTATION.—
The Administrator shall consult with State officials and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission on a regular basis in—
(A) establishing guidelines and determining the scope of State-level data under paragraph (1); and
(B) exploring ways to address data needs and serve data uses.
(d) Assessment of State Data Needs.—
Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to Congress an assessment of State-level data needs, including a plan to address the needs.
(e) Authorization of Appropriations.—
In addition to any other amounts made available to the Administrator, there are authorized to be appropriated to the Administrator to carry out this section—
(1) $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2008;
(2) $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2009;
(3) $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2010;
(4) $15,000,000 for fiscal year 2011;
(5) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2012; and
(6) such sums as are necessary for subsequent fiscal years.

Sec. 806. Sense of Congress Relating to the Use of Renewable Resources to Generate Energy.[edit]

(a) Findings.—
Congress finds that—
(1) the United States has a quantity of renewable energy resources that is sufficient to supply a significant portion of the energy needs of the United States;
(2) the agricultural, forestry, and working land of the United States can help ensure a sustainable domestic energy system;
(3) accelerated development and use of renewable energy technologies provide numerous benefits to the United States, including improved national security, improved balance of payments, healthier rural economies, improved environmental quality, and abundant, reliable, and affordable energy for all citizens of the United States;
(4) the production of transportation fuels from renewable energy would help the United States meet rapidly growing domestic and global energy demands, reduce the dependence of the United States on energy imported from volatile regions of the world that are politically unstable, stabilize the cost and availability of energy, and safeguard the economy and security of the United States;
(5) increased energy production from domestic renewable resources would attract substantial new investments in energy infrastructure, create economic growth, develop new jobs for the citizens of the United States, and increase the income for farm, ranch, and forestry jobs in the rural regions of the United States;
(6) increased use of renewable energy is practical and can be cost effective with the implementation of supportive policies and proper incentives to stimulate markets and infrastructure; and
(7) public policies aimed at enhancing renewable energy production and accelerating technological improvements will further reduce energy costs over time and increase market demand.
(b) Sense of Congress.—
It is the sense of Congress that it is the goal of the United States that, not later than January 1, 2025, the agricultural, forestry, and working land of the United States should—
(1) provide from renewable resources not less than 25 percent of the total energy consumed in the United States; and
(2) continue to produce safe, abundant, and affordable food, feed, and fiber.

Sec. 807. Geothermal Assessment, Exploration Information, and Priority Activities.[edit]

(a) In General.—
Not later than January 1, 2012, the Secretary of the Interior, acting through the Director of the United States Geological Survey, shall—
(1) complete a comprehensive nationwide geothermal resource assessment that examines the full range of geothermal resources in the United States; and
(2) submit to the the Committee on Natural Resources of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate a report describing the results of the assessment.
(b) Periodic Updates.—
At least once every 10 years, the Secretary shall update the national assessment required under this section to support public and private sector decisionmaking.
(c) Authorization of Appropriations.—
There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of the Interior to carry out this section—
(1) $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 through 2012; and
(2) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 2013 through 2022.