Help:List of musical symbols

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List of musical symbols
A list of musical symbols with the codes and techniques necessary to create them on Wikisource.


Simple[edit]

Symbol Name LilyPond syntax ABC syntax Notes
{ \relative c'' { b1 b2 b4 b8 b16}  }
Whole note (semibreve), Half note (minim),
Quarter note (crotchet), Eighth note (quaver),
Sixteenth note (semiquaver)
b1 b2 b4 b8 b16
{ \relative c'' { b4. b2. b4.. b2.. }  }
Dotted note b4. b2. b4.. b2.. In LilyPond, dotted notes must always have a specified, numeric duration.
{ \relative c'' { b8[ d c b] }  }
Beam b8[ d c b]
{ \relative c'' { <a d> <a c e> }  }
Chord <a d> <a c e>
{ \relative c'' { b\( b b b\) }  }
Phrase b\( b b b\)
{ \relative c'' { r2 r4 r8 r16 }  }
Rest r2 r4 r8 r16 z z/2 z/4
{ \relative c'' { g( b d) }  }
Slur g( b d)
{ \relative c'' { b~ b }  }
Tie b~ b

Accidentals[edit]

Symbol Name LilyPond syntax ABC syntax Notes
{ \relative c'' { bes } }
Flat bes
(note + es)
{ \relative c'' { beses } }
Double flat beses
(note + eses)
{ \relative c'' { bis } }
Sharp bis
(note + is)
{ \relative c'' { bisis } }
Double sharp bisis
(note + isis)

Clefs[edit]

Symbol Name LilyPond syntax ABC syntax Notes
{ \clef treble s1 }
Treble clef \clef treble
\clef G
{ \clef french s1 }
French clef \clef french
{ \clef bass s1 }
Bass clef \clef bass
\clef F
{ \clef varbaritone s1 }
Varbaritone clef \clef varbaritone
{ \clef subbass s1 }
Subbass clef \clef subbass
{ \clef alto s1 }
Alto clef \clef alto
\clef C
{ \clef tenor s1 }
Tenor clef \clef tenor
{ \clef soprano s1 }
Soprano clef \clef soprano
{ \clef mezzosoprano s1 }
Mezzosoprano clef \clef mezzosoprano
{ \clef baritone s1 }
Baritone clef \clef baritone
{ \clef percussion s1 }
Percussion clef \clef percussion

Rhythm and key[edit]

Symbol Name LilyPond syntax ABC syntax Notes
{ \relative c'' { \time 2/4 s2 }  }
Time signature \time 2/4
{ \relative c'' { \key b \minor s1 }  }
Key signature \key b \minor
{ \relative c'' { \tempo 4 = 120 s1 }  }
Metronome marks \tempo 4 = 120
{ \relative c'' { \tempo "Allegro" s1 }  }
Textual tempo indication \tempo "Allegro"
{ \relative c'' { \tempo "Allegro" 4 = 120 s1 }  }
Tempo & metronome marks \tempo "Allegro" 4 = 120

Dynamics[edit]

Symbol Name LilyPond syntax ABC syntax Notes
{ \relative c'' { b\< b b\! }  }
Crescendo b\> b b\!
{ \relative c'' { b\> b b\! }  }
Diminuendo
or Decrescendo
b\< b b\!
{ \relative c'' { b\ppp } }
Pianississimo b\ppp
{ \relative c'' { b\pp } }
Pianissimo b\pp
{ \relative c'' { b\p } }
Piano b\p
{ \relative c'' { b\mp } }
Mezzo piano b\mp
{ \relative c'' { b\mf } }
Mezzo forte b\mf
{ \relative c'' { b\f } }
Forte b\f
{ \relative c'' { b\ff } }
Fortissimo b\ff
{ \relative c'' { b\fff } }
Fortississimo b\fff
{ \relative c'' { b\sfz } }
Sforzando b\sfz
{ \relative c'' { b\fp } }
Forte-piano b\fp

Articulations[edit]

Symbol Name LilyPond syntax ABC syntax Notes
{ \relative c'' { b-. } }
Staccato b-. or b\staccato
Unable to compile LilyPond input file:
Processing `.../file.ly'
Parsing...
.../file.ly:11:53: error: syntax error, unexpected MUSIC_IDENTIFIER
                                { \relative c'' { b-
                                                    | } }
.../file.ly:11:33: error: errors found, ignoring music expression
                                
                                { \relative c'' { b-| } }
fatal error: failed files: ".../file.ly"

exited with status: 1
Staccatissimo
or Spiccato
b-| or b\staccatissimo
{ \relative c'' { b-> } }
Accent b-> or b\accent
{ \relative c'' { b-- } }
Tenuto b-- or b\tenuto
{ \relative c'' { b-^ } }
Marcato b-^ or b\marcato
{ \relative c'' { b-+ } }
Stopped note
or Pizzicato
b-+ or b\stopped
{ \relative c'' { b-_ } }
Portato b-_ or b\portato
{ \relative c'' { b\espressivo } }
Espressivo b\espressivo
{ \relative c'' { b\fermata } }
Fermata b\fermata
{ \relative c'' { b\shortfermata } }
Short fermata b\shortfermata
{ \relative c'' { b\longfermata } }
Long fermata b\longfermata
{ \relative c'' { b\verylongfermata } }
Very long fermata b\verylongfermata
{ \relative c'' { b\open } }
Open note b\open
{ \relative c'' { b\flageolet } }
Flageolet
or Natural harmonic
b\flageolet
{ \relative c'' { b\halfopen } }
Half open note b\halfopen
{ \relative c'' { b\snappizzicato } }
Snap pizzicato b\snappizzicato
{ \relative c'' { b\upbow } }
Up bow
or Sull'arco
b\upbow
{ \relative c'' { b\downbow } }
Down bow
or Giù arco
b\downbow
{ \relative c'' { b\thumb } }
Thumb b\thumb
{ \relative c'' { b\lheel } }
Left-foot heel pedal mark b\lheel
{ \relative c'' { b\rheel } }
Right-foot heel pedal mark b\rheel
{ \relative c'' { b\ltoe } }
Left-foot toe pedal mark b\ltoe
{ \relative c'' { b\rtoe } }
Right-foot toe pedal mark b\rtoe

Ornaments[edit]

Symbol Name LilyPond syntax ABC syntax Notes
{ \relative c'' { s b\trill } }
Trill b\trill
{ \relative c'' { s b\prall } }
Upper mordent
or Pralltriller
b\prall
{ \relative c'' { s b\mordent } }
Lower mordent b\mordent
{ \relative c'' { s b\turn } }
Turn b\turn
{ \relative c'' { s b\reverseturn } }
Reverse turn b\reverseturn
{ \relative c'' { s \grace b8 b4 } }
Grace note \grace b8 b4
{ \relative c'' { s \appoggiatura b8 b4 } }
Appoggiatura \appoggiatura b8 b4
{ \relative c'' { s \acciaccatura b8 b4 } }
Acciaccatura \acciaccatura b8 b4

NB: The following variations on the mordent also exist: prallmordent, upprall, downprall, upmordent, downmordent, lineprall, prallprall, pralldown and prallup.

Repetition[edit]

Bar lines[edit]

Symbol Name LilyPond syntax ABC syntax Notes
{ \relative c'' { s1 s1 \bar "|" }  }
Standard bar
Standard bar-line
\bar "|" | Standard divider between bars (or measures) of music of set length
{ \relative c'' { s1 s1 \bar "." }  }
\bar "."
{ \relative c'' { s1 s1 \bar "||" }  }
Double bar
Double bar-line
\bar "||" || Separates two sections of music
{ \relative c'' { s1 s1 \bar ".|" }  }
\bar ".|"
{ \relative c'' { s1 s1 \bar ".|." }  }
Bold double bar
Bold double-line
Heavy double
\bar ".|."
{ \relative c'' { s1 s1 \bar "|.|" }  }
\bar "|.|"
{ \relative c'' { s1 s1 \bar "|." }  }
End \bar "|." |] Indicates the end of a piece of music
{ \relative c'' { s1 \bar ":" s1 }  }
Dotted bar
Dotted bar-line
\bar ":"
{ \relative c'' { s1 \bar "dashed" s1 }  }
Dashed bar
Dashed bar-line
\bar "dashed"
{ \relative c'' { s1 \bar "|:" s1 }  }
Begin repeat \bar "|:" |: Indicates the beginning of a section to be repeated
{ \relative c'' { s1 \bar ":|:" s1 }  }
\bar ":|:"
{ \relative c'' { s1 \bar ":|.|:" s1 }  }
Begin and end repeat \bar ":|.|:" :: Indicates the end of one repeated section and the beginning of another
{ \relative c'' { s1 \bar ":|.:" s1 }  }
\bar ":|.:"
{ \relative c'' { s1 \bar ":|" s1 }  }
Repeat bar-line
Repeat sign
\bar ":|" :| Indicates the end of a section to be repeated
{ \relative c'' { s1 \bar "'" s1 }  }
\bar "'"
{ \relative c'' { s1 \bar "S" s1 }  }
In-line segno \bar "S" Alternative repeat sign

Other[edit]

Symbol Name LilyPond syntax ABC syntax Notes
{ \relative c'' { b4 b^Foo b b }  }
Text b4 b^Foo b b

See also[edit]