Help:List of musical symbols

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List of musical symbols
A list of musical symbols with the codes and techniques necessary to create them on Wikisource.


Simple[edit]

Symbol Name LilyPond syntax ABC syntax Notes
{ \relative c'' { b1 b2 b4 b8 b16}  } Whole note (semibreve), Half note (minim),
Quarter note (crotchet), Eighth note (quaver),
Sixteenth note (semiquaver)
b1 b2 b4 b8 b16
{ \relative c'' { b4. b2. b4.. b2.. }  } Dotted note b4. b2. b4.. b2.. In LilyPond, dotted notes must always have a specified, numeric duration.
{ \relative c'' { b8[ d c b] }  } Beam b8[ d c b]
{ \relative c'' { <a d> <a c e> }  } Chord <a d> <a c e>
{ \relative c'' { b\( b b b\) }  } Phrase b\( b b b\)
{ \relative c'' { r2 r4 r8 r16 }  } Rest r2 r4 r8 r16 z z/2 z/4
{ \relative c'' { g( b d) }  } Slur g( b d)
{ \relative c'' { b~ b }  } Tie b~ b

Accidentals[edit]

Symbol Name LilyPond syntax ABC syntax Notes
{ \relative c'' { bes } } Flat bes
(note + es)
{ \relative c'' { beses } } Double flat beses
(note + eses)
{ \relative c'' { bis } } Sharp bis
(note + is)
{ \relative c'' { bisis } } Double sharp bisis
(note + isis)

Clefs[edit]

Symbol Name LilyPond syntax ABC syntax Notes
{ \clef treble s1 } Treble clef \clef treble
\clef G
{ \clef french s1 } French clef \clef french
{ \clef bass s1 } Bass clef \clef bass
\clef F
{ \clef varbaritone s1 } Varbaritone clef \clef varbaritone
{ \clef subbass s1 } Subbass clef \clef subbass
{ \clef alto s1 } Alto clef \clef alto
\clef C
{ \clef tenor s1 } Tenor clef \clef tenor
{ \clef soprano s1 } Soprano clef \clef soprano
{ \clef mezzosoprano s1 } Mezzosoprano clef \clef mezzosoprano
{ \clef baritone s1 } Baritone clef \clef baritone
{ \clef percussion s1 } Percussion clef \clef percussion

Rhythm and key[edit]

Symbol Name LilyPond syntax ABC syntax Notes
{ \relative c'' { \time 2/4 s2 }  } Time signature \time 2/4
{ \relative c'' { \key b \minor s1 }  } Key signature \key b \minor
{ \relative c'' { \tempo 4 = 120 s1 }  } Metronome marks \tempo 4 = 120
{ \relative c'' { \tempo "Allegro" s1 }  } Textual tempo indication \tempo "Allegro"
{ \relative c'' { \tempo "Allegro" 4 = 120 s1 }  } Tempo & metronome marks \tempo "Allegro" 4 = 120

Dynamics[edit]

Symbol Name LilyPond syntax ABC syntax Notes
{ \relative c'' { b\< b b\! }  } Crescendo b\> b b\!
{ \relative c'' { b\> b b\! }  } Diminuendo
or Decrescendo
b\< b b\!
{ \relative c'' { b\ppp } } Pianississimo b\ppp
{ \relative c'' { b\pp } } Pianissimo b\pp
{ \relative c'' { b\p } } Piano b\p
{ \relative c'' { b\mp } } Mezzo piano b\mp
{ \relative c'' { b\mf } } Mezzo forte b\mf
{ \relative c'' { b\f } } Forte b\f
{ \relative c'' { b\ff } } Fortissimo b\ff
{ \relative c'' { b\fff } } Fortississimo b\fff
{ \relative c'' { b\sfz } } Sforzando b\sfz
{ \relative c'' { b\fp } } Forte-piano b\fp

Articulations[edit]

Symbol Name LilyPond syntax ABC syntax Notes
{ \relative c'' { b-. } } Staccato b-. or b\staccato
{ \relative c'' { b-| } } Staccatissimo
or Spiccato
b-| or b\staccatissimo
{ \relative c'' { b-> } } Accent b-> or b\accent
{ \relative c'' { b-- } } Tenuto b-- or b\tenuto
{ \relative c'' { b-^ } } Marcato b-^ or b\marcato
{ \relative c'' { b-+ } } Stopped note
or Pizzicato
b-+ or b\stopped
{ \relative c'' { b-_ } } Portato b-_ or b\portato
{ \relative c'' { b\espressivo } } Espressivo b\espressivo
{ \relative c'' { b\fermata } } Fermata b\fermata
{ \relative c'' { b\shortfermata } } Short fermata b\shortfermata
{ \relative c'' { b\longfermata } } Long fermata b\longfermata
{ \relative c'' { b\verylongfermata } } Very long fermata b\verylongfermata
{ \relative c'' { b\open } } Open note b\open
{ \relative c'' { b\flageolet } } Flageolet
or Natural harmonic
b\flageolet
{ \relative c'' { b\halfopen } } Half open note b\halfopen
{ \relative c'' { b\snappizzicato } } Snap pizzicato b\snappizzicato
{ \relative c'' { b\upbow } } Up bow
or Sull'arco
b\upbow
{ \relative c'' { b\downbow } } Down bow
or Giù arco
b\downbow
{ \relative c'' { b\thumb } } Thumb b\thumb
{ \relative c'' { b\lheel } } Left-foot heel pedal mark b\lheel
{ \relative c'' { b\rheel } } Right-foot heel pedal mark b\rheel
{ \relative c'' { b\ltoe } } Left-foot toe pedal mark b\ltoe
{ \relative c'' { b\rtoe } } Right-foot toe pedal mark b\rtoe

Ornaments[edit]

Symbol Name LilyPond syntax ABC syntax Notes
{ \relative c'' { s b\trill } } Trill b\trill
{ \relative c'' { s b\prall } } Upper mordent
or Pralltriller
b\prall
{ \relative c'' { s b\mordent } } Lower mordent b\mordent
{ \relative c'' { s b\turn } } Turn b\turn
{ \relative c'' { s b\reverseturn } } Reverse turn b\reverseturn
{ \relative c'' { s \grace b8 b4 } } Grace note \grace b8 b4
{ \relative c'' { s \appoggiatura b8 b4 } } Appoggiatura \appoggiatura b8 b4
{ \relative c'' { s \acciaccatura b8 b4 } } Acciaccatura \acciaccatura b8 b4

NB: The following variations on the mordent also exist: prallmordent, upprall, downprall, upmordent, downmordent, lineprall, prallprall, pralldown and prallup.

Repetition[edit]

Bar lines[edit]

Symbol Name LilyPond syntax ABC syntax Notes
{ \relative c'' { s1 s1 \bar "|" }  } Standard bar
Standard bar-line
\bar "|" | Standard divider between bars (or measures) of music of set length
{ \relative c'' { s1 s1 \bar "." }  } \bar "."
{ \relative c'' { s1 s1 \bar "||" }  } Double bar
Double bar-line
\bar "||" || Separates two sections of music
{ \relative c'' { s1 s1 \bar ".|" }  } \bar ".|"
{ \relative c'' { s1 s1 \bar ".|." }  } Bold double bar
Bold double-line
Heavy double
\bar ".|."
{ \relative c'' { s1 s1 \bar "|.|" }  } \bar "|.|"
{ \relative c'' { s1 s1 \bar "|." }  } End \bar "|." |] Indicates the end of a piece of music
{ \relative c'' { s1 \bar ":" s1 }  } Dotted bar
Dotted bar-line
\bar ":"
{ \relative c'' { s1 \bar "dashed" s1 }  } Dashed bar
Dashed bar-line
\bar "dashed"
{ \relative c'' { s1 \bar "|:" s1 }  } Begin repeat \bar "|:" |: Indicates the beginning of a section to be repeated
{ \relative c'' { s1 \bar ":|:" s1 }  } \bar ":|:"
{ \relative c'' { s1 \bar ":|.|:" s1 }  } Begin and end repeat \bar ":|.|:" :: Indicates the end of one repeated section and the beginning of another
{ \relative c'' { s1 \bar ":|.:" s1 }  } \bar ":|.:"
{ \relative c'' { s1 \bar ":|" s1 }  } Repeat bar-line
Repeat sign
\bar ":|" :| Indicates the end of a section to be repeated
{ \relative c'' { s1 \bar "'" s1 }  } \bar "'"
{ \relative c'' { s1 \bar "S" s1 }  } In-line segno \bar "S" Alternative repeat sign

Other[edit]

Symbol Name LilyPond syntax ABC syntax Notes
{ \relative c'' { b4 b^Foo b b }  } Text b4 b^Foo b b

See also[edit]