Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008/Division C/Title III

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TITLE III—REVENUE PROVISIONS

Subtitle A—General Provisions[edit]

SEC. 3081. ELECTION TO ACCELERATE THE AMT AND RESEARCH CREDITS IN LIEU OF BONUS DEPRECIATION.[edit]

(a) In General.—
Section 168(k) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
"(4) Election to accelerate the amt and research credits in lieu of bonus depreciation.—
"(A) In general.—If a corporation elects to have this paragraph apply for the first taxable year of the taxpayer ending after March 31, 2008, in the case of such taxable year and each subsequent taxable year—
"(i) paragraph (1) shall not apply to any eligible qualified property placed in service by the taxpayer,
"(ii) the applicable depreciation method used under this section with respect to such property shall be the straight line method, and
"(iii) each of the limitations described in subparagraph (B) for any such taxable year shall be increased by the bonus depreciation amount which is—
"(I) determined for such taxable year under subparagraph (C), and
"(II) allocated to such limitation under subparagraph (E).
"(B) Limitations to be increased.—The limitations described in this subparagraph are—
"(i) the limitation imposed by section 38(c), and
"(ii) the limitation imposed by section 53(c).
"(C) Bonus depreciation amount.—For purposes of this paragraph—
"(i) In general.—The bonus depreciation amount for any taxable year is an amount equal to 20 percent of the excess (if any) of—
"(I) the aggregate amount of depreciation which would be allowed under this section for eligible qualified property placed in service by the taxpayer during such taxable year if paragraph (1) applied to all such property, over
"(II) the aggregate amount of depreciation which would be allowed under this section for eligible qualified property placed in service by the taxpayer during such taxable year if paragraph (1) did not apply to any such property.
"The aggregate amounts determined under subclauses (I) and (II) shall be determined without regard to any election made under subsection (b)(2)(C), (b)(3)(D), or (g)(7) and without regard to subparagraph (A)(ii).
"(ii) Maximum amount.—The bonus depreciation amount for any taxable year shall not exceed the maximum increase amount under clause (iii), reduced (but not below zero) by the sum of the bonus depreciation amounts for all preceding taxable years.
"(iii) Maximum increase amount.—For purposes of clause (ii), the term 'maximum increase amount' means, with respect to any corporation, the lesser of—
"(I) $30,000,000, or
"(II) 6 percent of the sum of the business credit increase amount, and the AMT credit increase amount, determined with respect to such corporation under subparagraph (E).
"(iv) Aggregation rule.—All corporations which are treated as a single employer under section 52(a) shall be treated—
"(I) as 1 taxpayer for purposes of this paragraph, and
"(II) as having elected the application of this paragraph if any such corporation so elects.
"(D) Eligible qualified property.—For purposes of this paragraph, the term 'eligible qualified property' means qualified property under paragraph (2), except that in applying paragraph (2) for purposes of this paragraph—
"(i) 'March 31, 2008' shall be substituted for 'December 31, 2007' each place it appears in subparagraph (A) and clauses (i) and (ii) of subparagraph (E) thereof, and
"(ii) only adjusted basis attributable to manufacture, construction, or production after March 31, 2008, and before January 1, 2009, shall be taken into account under subparagraph (B)(ii) thereof.
"(E) Allocation of bonus depreciation amounts.—
"(i) In general.—Subject to clauses (ii) and (iii), the taxpayer shall, at such time and in such manner as the Secretary may prescribe, specify the portion (if any) of the bonus depreciation amount for the taxable year which is to be allocated to each of the limitations described in subparagraph (B) for such taxable year.
"(ii) Limitation on allocations.—The portion of the bonus depreciation amount which may be allocated under clause (i) to the limitations described in subparagraph (B) for any taxable year shall not exceed—
"(I) in the case of the limitation described in subparagraph (B)(i), the excess of the business credit increase amount over the bonus depreciation amount allocated to such limitation for all preceding taxable years, and
"(II) in the case of the limitation described in subparagraph (B)(ii), the excess of the AMT credit increase amount over the bonus depreciation amount allocated to such limitation for all preceding taxable years.
"(iii) Business credit increase amount.—For purposes of this paragraph, the term 'business credit increase amount' means the amount equal to the portion of the credit allowable under section 38 (determined without regard to subsection (c) thereof) for the first taxable year ending after March 31, 2008, which is allocable to business credit carryforwards to such taxable year which are—
"(I) from taxable years beginning before January 1, 2006, and
"(II) properly allocable (determined under the rules of section 38(d)) to the research credit determined under section 41(a).
"(iv) AMT credit increase amount.—For purposes of this paragraph, the term 'AMT credit increase amount' means the amount equal to the portion of the minimum tax credit under section 53(b) for the first taxable year ending after March 31, 2008, determined by taking into account only the adjusted minimum tax for taxable years beginning before January 1, 2006. For purposes of the preceding sentence, credits shall be treated as allowed on a first-in, first-out basis.
"(F) Credit refundable.—For purposes of section 6401(b), the aggregate increase in the credits allowable under part IV of subchapter A for any taxable year resulting from the application of this paragraph shall be treated as allowed under subpart C of such part (and not any other subpart).
"(G) Other rules.—
"(i) Election.—Any election under this paragraph (including any allocation under subparagraph (E)) may be revoked only with the consent of the Secretary.
"(ii) Partnerships with electing partners.—
In the case of a corporation making an election under subparagraph (A) and which is a partner in a partnership, for purposes of determining such corporation's distributive share of partnership items under section 702—
"(I) paragraph (1) shall not apply to any eligible qualified property, and
"(II) the applicable depreciation method used under this section with respect to such property shall be the straight line method.
"(iii) Special rule for passenger aircraft.—
In the case of any passenger aircraft, the written binding contract limitation under paragraph (2)(A)(iii)(I) shall not apply for purposes of subparagraphs (C)(i)(I) and (D).".
(b) Application to Certain Automotive Partnerships.—
(1) In general.—
If an applicable partnership elects the application of this subsection—
(A) the partnership shall be treated as having made a payment against the tax imposed by chapter 1 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 for any applicable taxable year of the partnership in the amount determined under paragraph (3),
(B) in the case of any eligible qualified property placed in service by the partnership during any applicable taxable year—
(i) section 168(k) of such Code shall not apply in determining the amount of the deduction allowable with respect to such property under section 168 of such Code,
(ii) the applicable depreciation method used with respect to such property shall be the straight line method, and
(C) the amount of the credit determined under section 41 of such Code for any applicable taxable year with respect to the partnership shall be reduced by the amount of the deemed payment under subparagraph (A) for the taxable year.
(2) Treatment of deemed payment.—
(A) In general.—
Notwithstanding any other provision of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, the Secretary of the Treasury or his delegate shall not use the payment of tax described in paragraph (1) as an offset or credit against any tax liability of the applicable partnership or any partner but shall refund such payment to the applicable partnership.
(B) No interest.—
The payment described in paragraph (1) shall not be taken into account in determining any amount of interest under such Code.
(3) Amount of deemed payment.—
The amount determined under this paragraph for any applicable taxable year shall be the least of the following:
(A) The amount which would be determined for the taxable year under section 168(k)(4)(C)(i) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (as added by the amendments made by this section) if an election under section 168(k)(4) of such Code were in effect with respect to the partnership.
(B) The amount of the credit determined under section 41 of such Code for the taxable year with respect to the partnership.
(C) $30,000,000, reduced by the amount of any payment under this subsection for any preceding taxable year.
(4) Definitions.—
For purposes of this subsection—
(A) Applicable partnership.—
The term "applicable partnership" means a domestic partnership that—
(i) was formed effective on August 3, 2007, and
(ii) will produce in excess of 675,000 automobiles during the period beginning on January 1, 2008, and ending on June 30, 2008.
(B) Applicable taxable year.—
The term "applicable taxable year" means any taxable year during which eligible qualified property is placed in service.
(C) Eligible qualified property.—
The term "eligible qualified property" has the meaning given such term by section 168(k)(4)(D) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (as added by the amendments made by this section).
(c) Conforming Amendment.—
Section 1324(b)(2) of title 31, United States Code, as amended by this Act, is amended—
(1) by inserting "168(k)(4)(F)," after "36,", and
(2) by inserting ", or due under section 3081(b)(2) of the Housing Assistance Tax Act of 2008" before the period at the end.
(d) Effective Date.—
The amendments made by this section shall apply to taxable years ending after March 31, 2008.

SEC. 3082. CERTAIN GO ZONE INCENTIVES.[edit]

(a) Use of Amended Income Tax Returns to Take Into Account Receipt of Certain Hurricane-Related Casualty Loss Grants by Disallowing Previously Taken Casualty Loss Deductions.—
(1) In general.—
Notwithstanding any other provision of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, if a taxpayer claims a deduction for any taxable year with respect to a casualty loss to a principal residence (within the meaning of section 121 of such Code) resulting from Hurricane Katrina, Hurricane Rita, or Hurricane Wilma and in a subsequent taxable year receives a grant under Public Law 109-148, 109-234, or 110-116 as reimbursement for such loss, such taxpayer may elect to file an amended income tax return for the taxable year in which such deduction was allowed (and for any taxable year to which such deduction is carried) and reduce (but not below zero) the amount of such deduction by the amount of such reimbursement.
(2) Time of filing amended return.—
Paragraph (1) shall apply with respect to any grant only if any amended income tax returns with respect to such grant are filed not later than the later of—
(A) the due date for filing the tax return for the taxable year in which the taxpayer receives such grant, or
(B) the date which is 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act.
(3) Waiver of penalties and interest.—
Any underpayment of tax resulting from the reduction under paragraph (1) of the amount otherwise allowable as a deduction shall not be subject to any penalty or interest under such Code if such tax is paid not later than 1 year after the filing of the amended return to which such reduction relates.
(b) Waiver of Deadline on Construction of GO Zone Property Eligible for Bonus Depreciation.—
(1) In general.—
Subparagraph (B) of section 1400N(d)(3) is amended to read as follows:
"(B) without regard to 'and before January 1, 2009' in clause (i) thereof, and".
(2) Effective date.—
The amendment made by this subsection shall apply to property placed in service after December 31, 2007.
(c) Inclusion of Certain Counties in Gulf Opportunity Zone for Purposes of Tax-Exempt Bond Financing.—
(1) In general.—
Subsection (a) of section 1400N is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
"(8) Inclusion of certain counties.—For purposes of this subsection, the Gulf Opportunity Zone includes Colbert County, Alabama and Dallas County, Alabama.".
(2) Effective date.—
The amendment made by this subsection shall take effect as if included in the provisions of the Gulf Opportunity Zone Act of 2005 to which it relates.

SEC. 3083. INCREASE IN STATUTORY LIMIT ON THE PUBLIC DEBT.[edit]

Subsection (b) of section 3101 of title 31, United States Code, is amended by striking out the dollar limitation contained in such subsection and inserting in lieu thereof $10,615,000,000,000.

Subtitle B—Revenue Offsets[edit]

SEC. 3091. RETURNS RELATING TO PAYMENTS MADE IN SETTLEMENT OF PAYMENT CARD AND THIRD PARTY NETWORK TRANSACTIONS.[edit]

(a) In General.—
Subpart B of part III of subchapter A of chapter 61 is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
"SEC. 6050W. RETURNS RELATING TO PAYMENTS MADE IN SETTLEMENT OF PAYMENT CARD AND THIRD PARTY NETWORK TRANSACTIONS.
"(a) In General.—Each payment settlement entity shall make a return for each calendar year setting forth—
"(1) the name, address, and TIN of each participating payee to whom one or more payments in settlement of reportable payment transactions are made, and
"(2) the gross amount of the reportable payment transactions with respect to each such participating payee.
"Such return shall be made at such time and in such form and manner as the Secretary may require by regulations.
"(b) Payment Settlement Entity.—For purposes of this section—
"(1) In general.—The term 'payment settlement entity' means—
"(A) in the case of a payment card transaction, the merchant acquiring entity, and
"(B) in the case of a third party network transaction, the third party settlement organization.
"(2) Merchant acquiring entity.—The term 'merchant acquiring entity' means the bank or other organization which has the contractual obligation to make payment to participating payees in settlement of payment card transactions.
"(3) Third party settlement organization.—The term 'third party settlement organization' means the central organization which has the contractual obligation to make payment to participating payees of third party network transactions.
"(4) Special rules related to intermediaries.—For purposes of this section—
"(A) Aggregated payees.—In any case where reportable payment transactions of more than one participating payee are settled through an intermediary—
"(i) such intermediary shall be treated as the participating payee for purposes of determining the reporting obligations of the payment settlement entity with respect to such transactions, and
"(ii) such intermediary shall be treated as the payment settlement entity with respect to the settlement of such transactions with the participating payees.
"(B) Electronic payment facilitators.—In any case where an electronic payment facilitator or other third party makes payments in settlement of reportable payment transactions on behalf of the payment settlement entity, the return under subsection (a) shall be made by such electronic payment facilitator or other third party in lieu of the payment settlement entity.
"(c) Reportable Payment Transaction.—For purposes of this section—
"(1) In general.—The term 'reportable payment transaction' means any payment card transaction and any third party network transaction.
"(2) Payment card transaction.—The term 'payment card transaction' means any transaction in which a payment card is accepted as payment.
"(3) Third party network transaction.—The term 'third party network transaction' means any transaction which is settled through a third party payment network.
"(d) Other Definitions.—For purposes of this section—
"(1) Participating payee.—
"(A) In general.—The term 'participating payee' means—
"(i) in the case of a payment card transaction, any person who accepts a payment card as payment, and
"(ii) in the case of a third party network transaction, any person who accepts payment from a third party settlement organization in settlement of such transaction.
"(B) Exclusion of foreign persons.—Except as provided by the Secretary in regulations or other guidance, such term shall not include any person with a foreign address.
"(C) Inclusion of governmental units.—The term 'person' includes any governmental unit (and any agency or instrumentality thereof).
"(2) Payment card.—The term 'payment card' means any card which is issued pursuant to an agreement or arrangement which provides for—
"(A) one or more issuers of such cards,
"(B) a network of persons unrelated to each other, and to the issuer, who agree to accept such cards as payment, and
"(C) standards and mechanisms for settling the transactions between the merchant acquiring entities and the persons who agree to accept such cards as payment.
"The acceptance as payment of any account number or other indicia associated with a payment card shall be treated for purposes of this section in the same manner as accepting such payment card as payment.
"(3) Third party payment network.—The term 'third party payment network' means any agreement or arrangement—
"(A) which involves the establishment of accounts with a central organization by a substantial number of persons who—
"(i) are unrelated to such organization,
"(ii) provide goods or services, and
"(iii) have agreed to settle transactions for the provision of such goods or services pursuant to such agreement or arrangement,
"(B) which provides for standards and mechanisms for settling such transactions, and
"(C) which guarantees persons providing goods or services pursuant to such agreement or arrangement that such persons will be paid for providing such goods or services.
"Such term shall not include any agreement or arrangement which provides for the issuance of payment cards.
"(e) Exception for De Minimis Payments by Third Party Settlement Organizations.—A third party settlement organization shall be required to report any information under subsection (a) with respect to third party network transactions of any participating payee only if—
"(1) the amount which would otherwise be reported under subsection (a)(2) with respect to such transactions exceeds $20,000, and
"(2) the aggregate number of such transactions exceeds 200.
"(f) Statements to Be Furnished to Persons With Respect to Whom Information Is Required.—Every person required to make a return under subsection (a) shall furnish to each person with respect to whom such a return is required a written statement showing—
"(1) the name, address, and phone number of the information contact of the person required to make such return, and
"(2) the gross amount of the reportable payment transactions with respect to the person required to be shown on the return.
"The written statement required under the preceding sentence shall be furnished to the person on or before January 31 of the year following the calendar year for which the return under subsection (a) was required to be made. Such statement may be furnished electronically, and if so, the email address of the person required to make such return may be shown in lieu of the phone number.
"(g) Regulations.—The Secretary may prescribe such regulations or other guidance as may be necessary or appropriate to carry out this section, including rules to prevent the reporting of the same transaction more than once.".
(b) Penalty for Failure to File.—
(1) Return.—
Subparagraph (B) of section 6724(d)(1) is amended—
(A) by striking "or" at the end of clause (xx),
(B) by redesignating the clause (xix) that follows clause (xx) as clause (xxi),
(C) by striking "and" at the end of clause (xxi), as redesignated by subparagraph (B) and inserting "or", and
(D) by adding at the end the following:
"(xxii) section 6050W (relating to returns to payments made in settlement of payment card transactions), and".
(2) Statement.—
Paragraph (2) of section 6724(d) is amended by striking "or" at the end of subparagraph (BB), by striking the period at the end of the subparagraph (CC) and inserting ", or", and by inserting after subparagraph (CC) the following:
"(DD) section 6050W(c) (relating to returns relating to payments made in settlement of payment card transactions).".
(c) Application of Backup Withholding.—
Paragraph (3) of section 3406(b) is amended by striking "or" at the end of subparagraph (D), by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (E) and inserting ", or", and by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
"(F) section 6050W (relating to returns relating to payments made in settlement of payment card transactions).".
(d) Clerical Amendment.—
The table of sections for subpart B of part III of subchapter A of chapter 61 is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 6050V the following:
"Sec. 6050W. Returns relating to payments made in settlement of payment card transactions.".
(e) Effective Date.—
(1) In general.—
Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the amendments made by this section shall apply to returns for calendar years beginning after December 31, 2010.
(2) Application of backup withholding.—
(A) In general.—
The amendment made by subsection (c) shall apply to amounts paid after December 31, 2011.
(B) Eligibility for tin matching program.—
Solely for purposes of carrying out any TIN matching program established by the Secretary under section 3406(i) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986—
(i) the amendments made this section shall be treated as taking effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and
(ii) each person responsible for setting the standards and mechanisms referred to in section 6050W(d)(2)(C) of such Code, as added by this section, for settling transactions involving payment cards shall be treated in the same manner as a payment settlement entity.

SEC. 3092. GAIN FROM SALE OF PRINCIPAL RESIDENCE ALLOCATED TO NONQUALIFIED USE NOT EXCLUDED FROM INCOME.[edit]

(a) In General.—
Subsection (b) of section 121 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (relating to limitations) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
"(4) Exclusion of gain allocated to nonqualified use.—
"(A) In general.—Subsection (a) shall not apply to so much of the gain from the sale or exchange of property as is allocated to periods of nonqualified use.
"(B) Gain allocated to periods of nonqualified use.—For purposes of subparagraph (A), gain shall be allocated to periods of nonqualified use based on the ratio which—
"(i) the aggregate periods of nonqualified use during the period such property was owned by the taxpayer, bears to
"(ii) the period such property was owned by the taxpayer.
"(C) Period of nonqualified use.—For purposes of this paragraph—
"(i) In general.—The term 'period of nonqualified use' means any period (other than the portion of any period preceding January 1, 2009) during which the property is not used as the principal residence of the taxpayer or the taxpayer's spouse or former spouse.
"(ii) Exceptions.—The term 'period of nonqualified use' does not include—
"(I) any portion of the 5-year period described in subsection (a) which is after the last date that such property is used as the principal residence of the taxpayer or the taxpayer's spouse,
"(II) any period (not to exceed an aggregate period of 10 years) during which the taxpayer or the taxpayer's spouse is serving on qualified official extended duty (as defined in subsection (d)(9)(C)) described in clause (i), (ii), or (iii) of subsection (d)(9)(A), and
"(III) any other period of temporary absence (not to exceed an aggregate period of 2 years) due to change of employment, health conditions, or such other unforeseen circumstances as may be specified by the Secretary.
"(D) Coordination with recognition of gain attributable to depreciation.—For purposes of this paragraph—
"(i) subparagraph (A) shall be applied after the application of subsection (d)(6), and
"(ii) subparagraph (B) shall be applied without regard to any gain to which subsection (d)(6) applies.".
(b) Effective Date.—
The amendment made by this section shall apply to sales and exchanges after December 31, 2008.

SEC. 3093. DELAY IN APPLICATION OF WORLDWIDE ALLOCATION OF INTEREST.[edit]

(a) In General.—
Paragraphs (5)(D) and (6) of section 864(f) are each amended by striking "December 31, 2008" and inserting "December 31, 2010".
(b) Transitional Rule.—
Subsection (f) of section 864 is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
"(7) Transition.—In the case of the first taxable year to which this subsection applies, the increase (if any) in the amount of the interest expense allocable to sources within the United States by reason of the application of this subsection shall be 30 percent of the amount of such increase determined without regard to this paragraph.".
(c) Effective Date.—
The amendments made by this section shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2008.

SEC. 3094. TIME FOR PAYMENT OF CORPORATE ESTIMATED TAXES.[edit]

(a) Repeal of Adjustment for 2012.—
Subparagraph (B) of section 401(1) of the Tax Increase Prevention and Reconciliation Act of 2005 is amended by striking the percentage contained therein and inserting "100 percent". No other provision of law which would change such percentage shall have any force and effect.
(b) Modification of Adjustment for 2013.—
The percentage under subparagraph (C) of section 401(1) of the Tax Increase Prevention and Reconciliation Act of 2005 in effect on the date of the enactment of this Act is increased by 16.75 percentage points.