Landholding in England

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search


LANDHOLDING IN

ENGLAND


Considered in Relation to Poverty


BY

MARY A. M. MARKS


AUTHOR OF
"ENGLAND AND AMERICA," "THE CORN LAWS," ETC.



LONDON
A. C. FIFIELD, 44 FLEET STREET, E.C.
1908



All Rights Reserved


THE RIVERSIDE PRESS LIMITED, EDINBURGH



TO THE

RIGHT HONOURABLE

EARL CARRINGTON, K.G.

PRESIDENT OF THE BOARD OF AGRICULTURE

THIS BOOK IS BY PERMISSION

Dedicated

WITH THE DEEPEST RESPECT FOR HIS LABOURS IN

RESTORING THE LAND TO THE LANDLESS

THE LANDLESS TO THE LAND



CONTENTS

PAGE
PREFACE 6
CHAPTER
I. IN SAXON TIMES 7
II. UNDER THE NORMANS 15
III. THE THREE STATUTES OF EDWARD I. 22
IV. THE BLACK DEATH 30
V. PRIMOGENITURE 40
VI. THE RISE OF THE CHANCERY 44
VII. ENGLAND BEFORE THE SUPPRESSION 50
VIII. THE GROWTH OF THE POWER OF THE CROWN 54
IX. HENRY VIII.'S STATUTE OF USES 59
X. THE TAKING OF THE ABBEY LANDS 62
XI. THE TESTIMONY OF THE REFORMERS 71
XII. THE STATUTE OF VAGABONDS 80
XIII. THE REBELLIONS OF THE POOR COMMONS 87
XIV. THE DEGRADATION OF THE POOR 95
XV. THE LEVELLERS 105
XVI. THE DIGGERS 113
XVII. THE END OF THE FEUDAL SYSTEM 119
XVIII. THE PROBLEM OF POVERTY IN THE SEVENTEENTH AND EIGHTEENTH CENTURIES  123
XIX. ENCLOSURE IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY 130
XX. ENCLOSURE IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY 147
XXI. THE WORKING OF ENTAIL 154
XXII. LEASEHOLD versus FREEHOLD 167
XXIII. CONCLUSION 184


This work was published before January 1, 1924, and is in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago.