Letters on church matters

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LETTERS

ON

CHURCH MATTERS.

By D. C. L.

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Price 3s. 6a.

LETTERS

ON

CHURCH MATTERS.

BY

D. C. L.



REPRINTED FROM THE "MORNING CHRONICLE."



VOL. I.


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"The world is nat′rally averse
To all the truth it sees or hears;
But swallows nonsense, and a lie,
With greediness and gluttony."

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LONDON:
JAMES RIDGWAY, PICCADILLY.
1851.

London: Printed by Petter, Duff, and Co.

Crane-court, Fleet-street.

 

CONTENTS.

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LETTER :: PAGE

I. Lord John Russell and Scotch Episcopacy . . . 3

II. High Churchmen and the Royal Supremacy . . . 7

III. Lord Ashley and his Meeting . . . 12

IV. National Club . . . 17

V. The Bishop of London and Mr. Bennett . . . 28

VI. The London Union on Church Matters . . . 33

VII. The Bishop of London and Mr. Bennett . . . 39

VIII. Can Convocation be Reformed . . . 42

L. Proseuché-Lord Ashley and Mr. Alford . . . 49

X. Archdeacon Sinclair and his Visitation . . . 54

XI. The Bishop of London's Reply to the Clergy of the Arch-

deaconry of Middlesex . . . 61

XII. Mr. Bennett's Resignation . . . 70

XIII. The late Meeting for the Revival of Convocation . . . 73

XIV. The Revision of the Prayer Book . . . 79

XV. Mr. Bennett and the Bishop of London . . . 85

XVI. Lord Ashley and the Revision of the Prayer Book . . . 89

XVII. Mr. Bennett's Resignation . . . 95

XVill. The Bishop of Manchester . . . 97

XIX. The Theory of Episcopacy.-I. . . . 104

XX. The Bishop of Manchester's Rejoinder . . . 111

LTI. The Late Meeting of Convocation . . . 120

XXII. Lord John Russell and the Bishops . . . 123

XXIII. Lord Ashley in the House of Commons . . . 126

XXIV. The Theory of Episcopacy.-II. . . . 131

XXV. Marriage with a Deceased Wife's Sister . . . 137

XXVI. Papal Aggression and the Scotch Bishops . . . 141

XXVII. Parliamentary Reform and the Mummeries of Superstition . . . 144

XXVIII. Lord Stanley and Mr. Gladstone . . . 148

XXIX. Lord John Russell, Low Churchmen, and the Bishops . . . 150 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/9 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/10 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/11 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/12 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/13 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/14 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/15 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/16 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/17 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/18 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/19 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/20 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/21 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/22 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/23 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/24 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/25 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/26 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/27 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/28 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/29 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/30 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/31 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/32 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/33 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/34 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/35 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/36 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/37 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/38 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/39 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/40 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/41 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/42 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/43 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/44 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/45 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/46 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/47 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/48 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/49 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/50 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/51 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/52 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/53 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/55 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/56 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/57 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/58 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/59 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/60 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/61 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/62 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/63 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/64 Sinclair's letter is the prelude, is, I fear, the most effective way to bring this right into question, if not disrepute. There is no public ecclesiastical prosecutor-general; so that, if the mediate result of this visitation is to be, that the Bishop of London will find himself legally in a position to interfere authoritatively about certain practices in a selected number of churches, it must result from his having elicited a certain number of distinct and independent charges. These charges must have been preferred by some person or persons. The Archdeacons may perform the task of collecting them and embodying them in a form to lay before the Bishop, unless, indeed, they may, in this or that case, find themselves in the position of being at once informants and prosecutors.

We have now come back to the point at which we always find ourselves, after all—the great unfairness of constituting a one-sided tribunal for the redress of supposed infractions of the Rubrical law only upon the side which has happened to offend Lord John Russell, Mr. Drummond's butler, and Mr. Cuthbert, of "bottomless-pit" notoriety. Let it be knowrn that Archdeacons Sinclair and Hale are collecting their evidence as to infractions of the Rubric in this and that church; how can they, without blushing, refuse to report to the Bishop—if credible witnesses can be found to substantiate it—that in this church the prayer for the church militant is not read; in that, baptisms are not performed at the time ordered by the Rubric, or in the place the Canons bid; in a third, the Athanasian Creed is constantly omitted; in a fourth, Ascension Day (not to mention other church holidays) is suffered to pass unnoticed; that in all, the provision for public daily prayers and readings of Holy Scripture, so useful and consolatory, especially in a large city, and so expressly ordered in the same page of he Prayer Book which contains the direction for arbitration, which Archdeacon Sinclair misunderstands, is entirely ignored; or, to take one particular instance, that in a parish of which a dignitary is inclun bent, the illegal fee of two shillings and ten pence is exacted for every baptism, the result of which is, that children to a fearful number in that extensive parish remain unbaptized. How, I say, can the Archdeacons refuse to report such cases, and how can the Bishop decline to take any cognizance of them?

It may be that after all, the Archdeacons do not entertain those exaggerated notions of their powers which they appear, from the letter before the world, to have entertained; and that all they contemplate is bringing their powers of persuasion to bear with such force as to induce certain clergymen Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/66 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/67 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/68 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/69 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/70 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/71 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/72 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/73 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/74 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/75 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/76 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/77 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/78 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/79 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/80 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/81 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/82 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/83 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/84 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/85 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/86 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/87 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/88 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/89 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/90 I am not decIaiming—I am not scene-painting. Such wiII, without fail, be the result of any attempt to obliterate by act of Parliament the Catholic character of the English Prayer Book. Will the ministers, will Lord Ashley and his party, be bold enough to run such risks? I cannot think so, if once they are taught that such are the risks which they will have to run to win success.

High Churchmen differ very widely from Lord Ashley and his followers. It is absolutely a mystery to them how honest men with ordinary faculties can read the Prayer Book as the latter do. But as these accept the Prayer Book, the "large party" has never attempted to assail them; and as they find no difficulty in living under the actual Prayer Book, they cannot say that they are hardly used. High Churchmen trust their cause to truth, to that truth which they know to be enshrined in the Book of Common Prayer, and they go on amid many difficulties to do the work of the Church of England with quiet confidence. But on the other side we hear the voice of hatred, and the broil of angry passion—"Out with them, out with them." Well, let the Ministry and their new allies turn us out; I have warned them what they will bring about by that act of desperate madness!


XV.

MR. BENNETT AND THE BISHOP OF LONDON.


JAN. 21, 1851.

YOUR paper of Saturday contains, so far as the principals are mutually concerned, the ultimatum of the Bennett affair. It is true that Mr. Bennett is still incumbent of St. Paul's, but, with the self-denying determination which marks his character to a fault (for it was a fault, though one of a generous nature, to abdicate his constitutional position by conferring upon the bishop and patron of the living a summary power of dismissal), he has refused even to think of any course but the literal fulfilment — irrespective of the conditions under which he tendered it, or of the legal dilemma which may be involved in it—of his promise to the Bishop. The Bishop, on the other hand, has refused to tell the parishioners the grounds upon which he holds Mr. Bennett unfaithful to the Church of England; for upon these grounds only Mr. Bennett put it Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/92 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/93 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/94 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/95 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/96 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/97 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/98 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/99 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/100 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/101 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/102 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/103 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/104 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/105 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/106 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/107 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/108 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/109 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/110 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/111 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/112 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/113 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/114 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/115 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/116 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/117 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/118 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/119 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/120 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/121 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/122 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/123 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/124 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/125 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/126 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/127 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/128 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/129 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/130 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/131 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/132 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/133 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/134 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/135 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/136 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/137 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/138 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/139 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/140 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/141 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/142 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/143 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/144 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/145 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/146 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/147 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/148 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/149 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/150 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/151 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/152 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/153 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/154 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/155 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/156 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/157 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/158 Page:Letters on Church Matters Vol 1.djvu/159 they most desire to affect will accept their extra-legal dicta in the face of such an opinion?

I trust we have heard the last of so unfortunate a con- trivance fiS this publication would infallibly turn out, to kindle strife vhere harmony may nov exist, to subject honest men to the torment of a divided conscience, and to compel them to Inake questions, now in solution, matters of principle, and to fight for theln as such, without the hope of an accom- 11lodation. The fear of the Ministry driving on the Bench to acts of intolerance being nov reuloved, such considerations as those I have just stated must prevail. Our bishops 111USt desire to return to that status in quo vhich last autulnn disturbed, and to escape, with all possible and decorous haste, frolll their pre- sent attitude of preparation for a fierce intestine war in which they would be the assailants. Thus, sir-to return to the point fro111 vhich I started- the Russell revel ended, all parties but the "large party" of High Churchnlen find thelnselves in their vrong place, with vrong allies, and ahning after bnpossible results. The "large part:r" itself was at first adopting some erroneous policy, but it corrected itself just at the right tÍ1ne. Churchmen vill have enough to make theln fearful for the future; but one forll1 of the perpetual danger which they are ever incurring has been averted-one part of the history of the Eng1ish Church has been played out: the first scene at the FlanlÍnian Gate; the second in the Dishop of Durhaln's study; the rest-no matter "There; at last the epilogue, vhen the chief perfornler, vho began roaring and bouncing and 111Rwling like a lion, confessed his real naUle and vocation :-

"When lion rough in wildest rage doth roar,
Then know that I, one Snug the joiner am,
No lion fell, nor else no lion's dam."


END OF FIRST SERIES.




PETTER, DUFF AND CO. PRINTERS, CRANE COURT, FLEET STREET.