Lisbon and Cintra

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Lisbon and Cintra, Inchbold, 1907 DJVU page 10 frontispiece.jpg

THE TOWN OF THOMAR.


LISBON
& CINTRA

WITH SOME ACCOUNT OF OTHER CITIES AND HISTORICAL SITES IN PORTUGAL. WRITTEN BY A. C. INCHBOLD. ILLUSTRATED BY STANLEY INCHBOLD


Lisbon and Cintra, Inchbold, 1907 DJVU page 11 Chatto and Windus publisher mark.jpg


LONDON

CHATTO & WINDUS

MCMVII


All Rights Reserved


CONTENTS


  1. CHAPTER I
  2. Lisbon—Its general aspect and happy situation—The chief squares—The beauty of its gardens—Modernity of buildings—The Great earthquake—Pombal—The enterprise of the Portuguese—The electric cable—The Ascensores—Fountains of Lisbon.1
  3. CHAPTER II
  4. Relics of ancient architecture—The Sé or Cathedral of Lisbon—The Manuelino style of architecture—Vasco da Gama—The Castello of St George—A panoramic view—The old quarter of city—Local colour of narrow streets and hills—The Churches of S. Vicente da Fora and of Graça—Royal Pantheon—A Weekly Pilgrimage.21
  5. CHAPTER III
  6. Avenida da Liberdade—Campo Grande—The Park of Edward VII—The Bull Ring, Colyseu and Theatres—Monuments and statues of note—The Botanical Gardens—Ruins of the Carmo—St Roques—Chapel of St John the Baptist—Lottery tickets and the Casa da Misericordia.37
  7. CHAPTER IV
  8. Belem—Its Cathedral, Convent and historical tower—The Palace of Belem—Ajuda Palace and Park—The Cortes (Houses of Parliament)—The National Archives—The Jesuits in Lisbon, past and present—Transformation of monastic houses.52
  9. CHAPTER V
  10. The Great Aqueduct—Ancient conduits—The Reservoir, or mother of waters—English Cemetery—Fielding's grave—Dos Prazères—The Estrella—Its famous Basilica and Gardens—The Cable Cars—Largo of Luiz de Camões—The Lusiad—The Academy of the Bellas Artas—Art in Portugal.67
  11. CHAPTER VI
  12. The National Library—An Old Franciscan Convent—The Municipal building—The Pelourinho—Fish Market—The Quays—The women of the markets—The Tagus and its boats—Old landmarks—The King and Queen—Palace of the Necessidades—The Church of the Madre de Deus.81
  13. CHAPTER VII
  14. Old House of the Bicos—The Church of San Domingo and the Inquisition—The Theatre on site of ancient Court of the Inquisition—The safety of streets—An excellent system of patrolling the outlying suburbs—Town dairies—The amiable disposition and humanity of the Portuguese—The cleanliness of the poor in Lisbon—General characteristics.91
  15. CHAPTER VIII
  16. The Riviera of Portugal—Mont' Estoril—Cascaes the Trouville of Portugal—Almada and its ancient Fort—Royal Quinta of Alfeite—Setubal or St Ubes—The Castle of Palmella—Ancient City of Evora.101
  17. CHAPTER IX
  18. Opposed opinions concerning Cintra—Its ancient reputation—Palace of Queluz—The Moors in Cintra—Castle of Cintra—Historic rooms—Manuel the Fortunate—Alfonso, the royal prisoner—Plans of rescue—Moorish tiles—Bathing grotto—Remarkable chimneys—The kitchen, ancient and modern—The Queen Dowager, D. Maria Pia—Trees and shrubs of Cintra—Monuments on the Roofs—Names of note: Beckford, Byron, Southey—The Convention of Cintra—The Palace of Seteais and its garden—The Marquis of Marialva.132
  19. CHAPTER X
  20. The Pena Verde and its chapels—The giant—João de Castro—His tragic end—Bella Vista—Monserrate and its tropical glen—The Cork Convent—The Quinta and historic Church of Piedade—Collares and its wines—Praia das Maçãs, the shore of apples—Rocks of the Atlantic Coast—Old legend.152
  21. CHAPTER XI
  22. The hills of Cintra—The Palace of Pena—An ancient Moorish Castle—The ruins of the mosque—Vasco da Gama's return—Unrivalled prospect from the dome of the palace—Park and villas or the slopes of the hills—São Pedro village—The historic villa of Ramalhão—The Prison—Soldiers on guard—The market—The peasants—Bullock teams and mules—Mafra—Its Church, Monastery and Palace—Joāo V and his vow—The famous bells—The library.168
  23. CHAPTER XII
  24. Valley of the Tagus—Santarem—Thomar—Roman Relics—Santa Irene—The River Nabão—Castle and Church of the Knights Templars—Gualdim Paes—The Moors—Prince Henry the Navigator—Convent of Christ—The famous Chapter House—The Cloisters—Torres Vedras—Historic Lines of fortification.182
  25. CHAPTER XIII
  26. Vallado—The Valley of the Alcoa—A hermitage dating from 1182—The Cistercian Abbey of Alcobaça—Alfonso Henriques, the founder—Peter I and Ignez de Castro—The cloisters—King Diniz—The Sala dos Reis—The Abbey sacked by the French—Batalha, the Battle Abbey of Portugal—The famous battlefield of August 14, 1385—The baker's wife, a Portuguese Jeanne d'Arc—Philippa of Lancaster—English builders—The Capellas Imperfeitas—Architectural comparisons.199
  27. CHAPTER XIV
  28. Calippo of the Romans—A ruined castle of King Diniz—The first printing press in Portugal—A river sung by poets—Coimbra—The beauty of its situation—The University—The students—Upper and lower towns—The River of the Muses—The place of the Inquisition—The Old Cathedral—The Monastery of Santa Cruz—Quinta das Lagrimas.217
  29. CHAPTER XV
  30. Bussaco—A national gift to a Crown Prince—Fertility of vegetation—The Cintra of the North—The vine country—English wine merchants—Marquis of Pombal and the great Wine Company—The Passage of the Douro—Oporto—The French occupation—The Siege of 1832—The present Constitutional Monarchy—A result of Dom Miguel's defeat—A survey of the modern city and its environs—Braga, the Mecca of devout Portuguese—Bom Jesus and the Whitsuntide pilgrims.

    233


ILLUSTRATIONS


  1. The Town of ThomarFrontispiece
  2. Praça do CommercioTo face p. 6
  3. Lisbon from the Castello of St George20
  4. The Castello of St George from the Graça36
  5. The Tower of Belem54
  6. The Estrella Gardens70
  7. The Basilica of the Estrella78
  8. Fishing Boats in the Tagus84
  9. Praça de Dom Pedro92
  10. The Portuguese Riviera100
  11. The Fort, Cascaes108
  12. The Temple of Diana, Evora122
  13. Winter in Cintra132
  14. The Moorish Palace, Cintra136
  15. Entrance to the Moorish Palace, Cintra142
  16. The Garden of the Quinta do Relogio148
  17. The Palace of Pena from Seteais152
  18. The Tropical Glen, Monserrate156
  19. General View of Cintra from the Plain162
  20. The Palace of Pena168
  21. A Road in Cintra172
  22. Largo da Rainha D. Amelia176
  23. A Street in Cintra182
  24. Evening, Cintra188
  25. The Convent of Christ, Thomar194
  26. The Cloisters of D. Diniz, Alcobaça204
  27. The Abbey of Batalha215
  28. The Castle Hill, Leiria222
  29. Coimbra and the River Mondego230
  30. The Monastery of Bussaco238

This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1925.


The author died in 1939, so this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 80 years or less. This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.