Memoirs of Henry Villard/Volume 2/Index

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INDEX

(This does not profess to be complete, but probably will be found adequate.)

Adams, Charles Francis, Jr., 2 : 328, 329, 335.

Adams, Edward D., 2: 369, 371.

Advertiser, Boston daily, V. writes for, 2: 269.

Advocate, Racine (Wis.) daily, V. writes for, 1: 68.

Ainsworth, J. C., 2: 287.

Alaska, V.'s visit to, 2: 375.

Allabach, Peter H., in Fredericksburg campaign, 1: 373, 374.

American Social Science Association, 2: 269.

Anderson, Robert, in command of Fort Sumter, 1: 159; mission to Kentucky and Virginia, 205; headquarters at Louisville, 207; relinquishes command, 209.

Andrew, John A., 1 : 164.

Arthur, Chester A., attitude towards Northern Pacific, 2: 301; at opening of the road, 310.

Baird, Absalom, roughly handled at Chickamauga, 2 : 115, 122, 133, but stands, 136; again hit, 161.

Balatka, Hans, 1 : 49.

Baltimore, cut off from Washington, 1: 163-170.

Bamberger, Ludwig, 2: 345.

Bandelier, Adolph F., 2 : 340.

Beatty, John, at Chickamauga, 2: 131-133; in attack on Missionary Ridge, 251.

Beauregard, Pierre G. T., commands rebel troops at Manassas Junction, 1 : 181, 190, 191 ; illness, 261 ; at Corinth, 235; plan to annihilate Grant s army, 254; explains his failure, 260 ; report better than Grant s, 262; asks for reinforcements, 267; force at Corinth, 268 ; evacuates, 277 ; retreat, 279 ; in command at Charleston, 2 : 18.

Bennett, James Gordon, attacks Greeley about gold-mining, 1:126; summons V. to New York, 161; puts Herald on Union side, and wants favor for his son, 162.

Bickham, W. D. t 2 : 67.

Bigelow, John, 1 : 79.

Billings, Frederick, declines cooperation with V., 2:296; will not admit him to Northern Pacific Board, nor sell out to him, but compromises, 300; at opening of the road, 311.

Birney, David B., in Fredericksburg campaign, 1: 362, 380.

Bismarck, Otto von, seen by T. at Nikolsburg, 2 : 268; V. s article on him in North American Review, 345 ; visit from V. , 346 - 356; praise of Carl Schurz, 354; idol of Hamburg, 356.

Blaine, James G., 2: 334.

Blair, Francis P., 1 : 173.

Blair, Francis P., Jr., 1: 173; at Chattanooga, 2 : 243-245, 252. Blair, Montgomery, characterized, 1: 172; talk with V., 339. Blenker, Louis, German revolutionist, 1: 56; New York truck farmer, 57; colonel in Civil War, 174; at Bull Run, 195.

Blind Pool, 2 : 298.

Bragg, Braxton, in the Shiloh campaign, 1 : 254, 256 ; on rebel demorali7ation, 261; supersedes Beauregard and directs flanking movement against Buell, 292 ; at Chattanooga, 293, 296; takes Munfordville, 303; retires upon Kirby Smith, 304, 312; sets up rebel government at Frankfort, 313; initiates fight at Perryville, 313, 314, 323; retreats, 326, 330; threatens Nashville, 2: 60; attacks Rosecrans at Stone's River, 62 ; retreats, 63 ; position on Duck River, 72; forced out of Middle Tennessee to Chattanooga, 78; leams of Rosecrans's advance, 84; forced out of Chattanooga, 88; prepares ambush for Rosecrans, 91; first move in Chickamauga fight, 92; orders to Hindman, 94, 95, 99; to Polk, 99; general order of battle, 102; does not wait for Longstreet, 109; orders night attack on first day, 121; results of first day, 124; night council and plan, 127; second disappointment in Polk, 128, 130, 1 60; ignorant of victory, 163; abstains from following (he Federals, 164; congratulates troops, 169; comparison with Rosecrans, 170; forces before Chattanooga, 182; decides to invest Chattanooga, 182; opposition of his lieutenants, 193-198; relieves Polk and Hindman for disobedience, 194; prefers charges, 197, but eats humble pie, 198; chagrin at Wauhatchie defeat, 227; detaches Longstreet to crush Burnside, 238, 246; calls for reinforcements, 254; feigns attack on Chattanooga, 249; meets Sherman s attack, 254; retreats from Hooker's, 262.

Brannan, John M., opens Chickamauga fight, 2: 113; overborne, 115, but checks the enemy, 116; first to be attacked on second day, 139; joins Wood in defence of Horseshoe, 150, 151; censure of Negley, 191, 192.

Breckinridge, John C., movements about Nashville, 3: 60; in battle of Stone s River, 62; attack at Chickamauga, 132; defeat, 134; seeks Bragg's removal, 195.

Brookfield, William, 2: 360.

Brown, B. Gratz, 1: 138.

Browne, Junius H., with V. at Cairo, 1: 263; at Memphis, 283.

Brownlow, William G., 1: 233.

Buckner, Simon B., invades Kentucky, 1: 206, 208; reinforces Fort Donelson, 221; captured there, 222; leads cabal against Bragg, 55: 195; controversy with him, 198.

Buell, Don Carlos, succeeds Gen. Sherman in Kentucky, 1:213; slow to move, 214-216; prodded by McClellan, 214, 216, and Lincoln, 215; his forces and commanders, 219, 220; plan of campaign, 220; follows up Grant s victory at Forts Henry and Donelson, 222; enters Nashville, 223, 228; advance under Halleck's command, 236; in touch with Grant, 240; at Savannah, 241; at Pittsburg Landing, 243-245; in pursuit of rebels after Corinth, 279; northern campaign with Army of Ohio, 282-305; difference with Halleck, 288; mistakes Bragg's intentions, 293, 297; races him to Louis ville, 301; odium incurred by rebel invasion of Kentucky, 307; ordered relieved, but saved by Gen. Thomas, 308; reorganizes army, 310; disabled on eve of Perryville, 315; tardily sends succor to Gen. A. McD. McCook, 321, 325; inquiry as to Gen. Gilbert s rank, 324; pursuit of Bragg, 326; succeeded by Rosecrans, 331, 2: 59; military qualities, 1: 331,332; discussed by Lincoln, 340; reluctance to move into East Tennessee justified, 2: 60.

Buell, George P., 2: 141.

Buffalo herds on the Plains, 1: no, xix; extinct, 2: 279.

Bull Run, Federal advance on, 1:183; first shots, 184; the rout, 192-198.

Burnside, Ambrose E., in rout at Bull Run, 1; 197; North Carolina campaign, 337; succeeds McClellan, 335; plan against Lee, 342, 343; recognizes army, 346; camp at Falmouth, 347; conference with Lincoln, 347; plan of attack on Fredericksburg, 353; orders to Franklin, 377, 382; fatuous resolve to renew attack on Lee, 384, 2:3; responsibility for disaster, 1: 393; commands Department of the Ohio and arrests Vallandigham, 2: 59, 82; occupies East Tennessee, 82; does not assist Rosecrans, 108; abortive attack from Longstreet, 238, 239.

Butler, Benjamin F., 1: x8x.

Butterfield, Daniel, early life, 1: 349; in Fredericksburg campaign, 346, 349, 369, 370, 372 Cameron, Simon, characterized, 1:172; rewards political followers with military office, 177; interview with Gen. Sherman at Louisville, 211; doubts his sanity, 212; succeeded by Stanton, 339.

Caprivi, Georg Leo von, requests inter view with V., 2: 343-345 Carlin, William P., 1: 322, 323.

Carriere, Moritz, 1: 7.

Case, Zophar, 1: 36-41.

Central Pacific R. R., negotiations with V.,2: 2 8 4 .

Charleston forts, Dupont s attack on, 2: 28-51.

Chase & Higginson, 2: 322, 323.

Chase, Salmon P., Secretary of the Treasury, 1: 162; characteristics, 171; his daughter marries Gov. Sprague, 175; offers V. a captaincy, 177; gets Major McDowell promoted to brigadier, 179; friction with President, 340; organizes freedmen at Fort Monroe, 2:8; letters ofintroduction to V., II.

Chatrian, Alexnndre, 1:6.

Chattanooga, siege of, 2: 130—263.

Cheatham. Benjamin F., attack at Chickamnuga, 2: my, "8; before Chattanooga, no.

Cherry Creek (Denver and Aurelia). geld. mining selllemcnt, 1: 104—136.

Chicago & Northern Pacific R, R., founded by v.,z: 337; suitagainstv., 359.

Chicknmnuga,battle, preliminaries, 2: 9x— 1x2: opposing forces, log—tn; first day, 113—125; second day, hour ofopening,:29, contest, tab—x73; casualties,:71; merits olBragg and Rosecrans. 170: v. collects material for an account of it, 18'.

Cleburne, Patrick R., in Chickarnauga fight, 2: 92; leads night attack, 12!; second day's attack,:32; defeat,:35: re. called from accompanying Langsueet to Knoxville, 246, 241: defends Missionary Ridge, 254.

Cleveland, Grover, V.'s efi'orts to renom. iunte, 2: 361, 362: gives dinner to him alter election, 362, and urges calling extra sea. sion of Congress to rele Sherman Act, 363; help rrom him in getting money to entertain foreign World's Fair guests, 366.

Cofi'm, Charles C., 1: 386, 387.

Colbui'n, Richard 1:, 1: 253.

Columbiurl World's Fair, reception or foreign guests arranged for in N. V. by v, 2 z 365; Fair visi'ed by him, 367, and visit of German am'sans provided (or, 375

Commerdal, Cincinnati, employs V. as legislative reporter, 1: 9a; as Pike's Peak correspondent, 99; as Lincoln campaign correspondent,:33; as \Vashinglon cone< spondent, x53, x54; Rosecrans's organ, 2: 57.

Conkling, Roscoe, 2: 30!.

Cooke, Jay & 00., invest in Oregon Steam Navigation (20., 2: also; tailure, 287.

Corinth, Miss, rebel advance from, I: 256; Halleck's advance against, 268-275: evacuation, 215; occupation, 276.

Caster, C. H., 2: 326.

Crittenden, Thomas 14., under Buell in Perryville campaign, 1: 239,19], 3m, 310, 326; under Rosecrans, 2: 6:; inadvance on Chattanooga, 90: confronted by Polk. 100, 101; position on the Glickamauga, 103, :04; lends aid to Gen. Thomas,:16.- position on second day, x26: cut off from his command, r43; follows Rosecrans to Chattanooga, "7, us, 165: returns to field,:68; holds left at Chattanooga, 168, 181; under public censure, r36,:87; relieved of coin. mand, lBy—th; vindicated by court of inquiry. 190.

Crook, George, 2: 203—206.

Dana, Charles A., Vr's first meeting with, 1: 7r, 7:; sends V. to Minnesota, 74; Secretary Sunwn's emisary to Western armies. 2::66: misreports first day's fight at Chickamauga, 166: corrects it, 167; part in punishing McCook and Crittenden, 18!, and in removal of Rosecrans, an; his reporls to Secretary Stanton,:89, 29:, no: meets Grant at Nashville, 209: returns to front, an; useful to v., no; watches advance on Missionary Ridge,:49; letter to Gen. Thomas,:13.

Davis, Jefierson, at Bull Run, 1:190; petitioned for Bragg's removal, 2; 194—196; visits Bragg's army, 193—198: sustains him, but spams Folk and Hindrnan, 197.

Davis, Jefferson (2., kills Gen, Nelson, 1: 308, 309; in Rorsccrans's campaign, 2: 61:; at Chattanooga, 242,:43, 252,:54.

Decker, Howell & Co., 2: 3;}

Denver, mining stage, 1:115-133; in 1876, 2:279.

Deutsche Bank, director, Georg Siemens, 2: 3m; builds railroad in Anatolia, 3 makes V. its N. Y. representative, 320; markets Northern Pacific and Oregon K R. & Navigation Co. bonds, 329, 334, 367; censure of v,, and apology, 368.

Dickinson, Don M., 2: 362—364.

Dillon, Sidney, 2: 281, 284, 331.

Douglas, Stephen A., visited by v., in Washington, 1:54, in Chimgo, 92; Senatorial campaign and debate with Lincoln, 91-96: at Freeport, 92; his wife, 92.

Draper, Simeon, 1: 58,59.

Drexel, Francis M., 1:56.

Dupont. Samuel F., gathers fleet at Hampton Roads, 2:5; V.s introduction to him, 12; orders attack on Fort McAllister, 25; shares attack on Charleston forts, 35—51; censured by press for failure, 49-51.


Edison General Electric Co., founded by V., 2:376.

Electric light, power, and traction, V. a pioneer in, 2: 325-327.

<POEM>Ellet, Charles, Jr., 1: 285, 286. Endicott, William, Jr., 2 : 291, 293, 315. Engelmann, Adolf, son of Friedrich, 1: 31. Engelmann, Friedrich (son of Theodor Erasmus), head forester, 1 : 27 ; removes to Belleville, Illinois, 31 ; farm and family 31 ; daughters, Mrs. Decker, Mrs. Scheel, 27, Mrs. Koerner, 33; son, Theodor, 32, 33. 36- Engelmann, Georg, son of Julius and grandson of Theodor Erasmus, 1 : 12. Engelmann, Theodor, son of Friedrich, 1 : 32 ; career, 33, 36. Engelmann, Theodor Adolf, brother of Friedrich and of Margarete, second wife of Georg Friedrich Hilgard, 1 : n. Engelmann, Theodor Erasmus, father of Friedrich, 1 : i. Evarts, William M., 2 : 311. Evening Post, N. Y., V. s approaches to, 1 : 79 ; bought by him, 2 : 338, 374. Forrest, Nathan B., raids Buell s com munications, 1 : 230, 292, 293 ; 2 : 61 ; re pulse and successes, 69 ; at opening of Chickamauga fight, 113, 115; on second day, 151. Fort Donelson, taken by Grant, 1 : 222 ; viewed by V., 224. Fort McAllister, naval attacks on, 2: 17, 18, 25. Foster, John G., arrives at Port Royal, 2 : 19 ; disputes seniority with Hunter, 20. Fox, Gustavus V., characterized, 1:172, 173 ; introduction of V. to Admiral Dupont, 3: 12. Fox, J. M., l:us, 117, 118. Frank Leslie s Illustrated Weekly, Y. writes for, 1 : 73. Franklin, William B., in Fredericksburg campaign, 1 : 346, 362, 368, 370, 377, 382 ; controversy over his conduct, 382, 383. Fredericksburg campaign, 1 : 342-393. Freedmen of Sea Islands, 2: 15-17, 19, 21- 24. Fremont, John C., serenaded in New York, 1 . 59 ; Presidential campaign, 2 : 52; in command in Missouri, 1 : 207; arbi trary and extravagant, 211 ; superseded by Halleck, 220. French, William H., in Fredericksburg campaign, 1 : 359, 361 ; at the front, 363. Fry, James B., McDowell s chief of staff, 1:182; at Bull Run, 195, 199; assistant adjutant-general to Gen. Anderson at Louisville, 207; chief of staff to Gen. Buell, 213, 228, 306 ; at Pittsburg Landing, 243- Fuchs, John P., 1 : 70. Gage, Frances D., 2: 15. Gamage, Quartermaster to Gen. McCook s division, 1 : 264, 287. Garfield, James A., Rosecrans s chief of staff, 2: 66; character, 68; favors advance on Bragg, 70; courtesy to V., 73; retires to Chattanooga with Rosecrans during Chickamauga fight, 147, 157; returns to field, 156; hopeful of issue, 158, 165, 167; tries to induce Rosecrans to return, 167; welcomes V., 179, 184; confidences to him, 185, 186, 201; not responsible for punishment of McCook and Crittenden, 188; elected to Congress, 186, 201 ; retires from army, 201 ; assassination, 301. Garrison, Fanny (Helen Frances), future wife of V., 2 : 55 ; marriage, 268. Garrison, Francis Jackson, 2 : 53, 54. Garrison, George Thompson, 2 : 54. Garrison, Helen Eliza, 2 : 53. Garrison, William Lloyd, abolitionist, % : 52 ; appearance, 53 ; feted in England, 269. Garrison, William Lloyd, Jr., 2: 52, 53. Gay, Sydney H., directs V. to Boston, 2: 52; recalls him for Rosecrans s campaign, 54- Geary, John W., part in battle of Wau- hatchie, 2 : 222-228, 231 ; in attack on Lookout Mt., 257-262. Geibel, Emanuel von, 1 : 7. Gibbon, John, in Fredericksburg campaign, 1 : 378-380. Gilbert, Charles C., original appointment, 1 : 324 ; division commander under Buell, 310; in Perryville fight, 315-322; incom petence, 320, 328, 329 ; removal, 325. Gillmore, Quincy A., 2 : 7. Godkin, Edwin Lawrence, 2 : 338. Gold Fever in Colorado, 1 : 99-136; history of discovery on Cherry Creek, and found ing of Denver, 104, 105. Goll, Hermann, 1 : 69. Gould, Jay, contest with V. and Kansas Pacific, 2 : 281 ; dislodges V. from K. & P. receivership, 282 ; gives up fight, 283 ; ap proves V. s plan of extension of Union Pacific to the Columbia, 284. Granger, Gordon, position at mauga, 2: 127; joins in defense of Horse shoe, 151 ; praise from Rosecrans, 151 ; opposes abandonment of Lookout Mt, 202 ; takes over McCook s and Crittenden s corps, 187; in advance on Missionary Ridge, 247-291. Grant, Ulysses S., takes Forts Henry, 1 : 221, and Donelson, 222 ; moves on Nash ville, 224, 231; calls on Mrs. Polk, 231; reprimanded by Halleck, 232; army dan gerously misplaced at Pittsburg Landing, 255 ; at Savannah, on Tennessee River, 2 35&gt; 258 5 under Halleck s command, 236 ; at Pittsburg Landing, 237; hears from Buell, 240; unsuspicious of attack, 240, 257; joins his engaged army, 241 ; appeals for help, 242 ; poor report of battle, 262; sharp instructions from Halleck, 264 ; relieved of command of Army of Tennessee, 266; headquarters under a cloud, 270; V. s im pressions of him, 273 ; besieges Vicksburg, 2 : 67 ; accident at New Orleans, 209 ; sends aid to Rosecrans, 177; put in com mand of Department of Mississippi, comes North, 209 ; at Chattanooga in command, 217 ; opposed to Gen. Palmer s promotion, 247; doubts as to holding out, 231 ; orders up Sherman, 232 ; plan to seize Missionary Ridge, 233; joined by Sherman, 236; in dulgent of his delay, 242 ; directs attack on Missionary Ridge, 254, 263 ; at opening of Northern Pacific R. R., 310. Greeley, Horace, visits Denver and Greg ory Gulch, 1 : 122-126 ; attacked by buffa loes, 123; adventures in Denver House, 124, 125; upset in Clear Creek, 125; re ports accident to V., 126 ; certifies to gold- mining, 126; for peaceful separation of Union, 155; for "On to Richmond," 180; praise of V. for Charleston report, 2 : 49. Gregory, John H., mining pioneer, 1: 118, 119, 121. Gregory s Gulch and Mine, I:n8, vis ited by V., 119-122, with Greeley and Richardson, 125. Halleck, Henry W., succeeds Fremont, 1 : 220 ; lets Grant and Foote attack Fort Honry, 221 ; reprimands Grant for absence, 232; commands Buell and Grant s armies, 236, in person, 264; orders Grant to reor ganize command, 264 ; strengthens his army, 265 ; makes Grant second in com mand, 266; asks for reinforcements, Lin coln remonstrates, 267, 268; overestimates enemy, 268 ; distrust of newspaper corre spondents, 269; deceived before Corinth, 275; misled by Pope s reports, 279-281; difference with Buell, 288, with Burnside, 342; confutes Rosecrans s arguments for inaction, 2 : 68 ; orders him forward, 70 ; still urges, 80 ; final order, 81 ; illusions as to rebel movements before Chickamauga, 108; orders Grant to send aid to Rosecrans, 177; abused by Rosecrans, 184. Halpine, Charles G., 2: 4, 10. Halstead, Murat, news editor Cincinnati Commercial, 1 : 98; employs V. as re porter and correspondent, 98, 99 ; misuses his private letter about Gen. Sherman, 212. Hancock, Winfield S., soldierly appear ance, 1 : 348, 351 ; in battle of Fredericks- burg. 359. 361, 366, 367. Harker, Charles G., at Chickamauga, first day, 2: 120; second day, 140, 149. Harvard Law School, V. s benefactions to, 2: 340. Hay, John, Lincoln s biographer, 1:141; accompanies him to Washington, 150. Hazen, William B., in expedition to Brown s Ferry, 2: 218-220; part in battle of Wauhatchie, 222, 223; in attack on Missionary Ridge, 250. Hecker, Friedrich Karl Franz, leader of Badenese Revolution of 1848, 1:4; farmer in Illinois, 35. Heintzelman, Samuel P., division com mander under McDowell, 1: 182; at Bull Run, 187, 190, 191, 197. Herald, N. Y,, V. s first approaches to, 1 : 71, 72 ; accepts his articles, 140, and makes him correspondent at Springfield, 111. , 140, and Washington, 153, 154, 163; flatters Seward, 171 ; sends V. to Kentucky, 200. Hexamer, Dr., 1 : 57, 58. Higginson, Thomas W., colonel of ist S. C. colored regiment, 2:g; at review, 16; expedition, 19, 21. Hilgard family and connection, 1 : 1-3 ; colony at Belleville, 111., 29-35. Hilgard, Anna, 2 : 268. Hilgard, Ferdinand Heinrich Gustav. See Henry Villard. Hilgard, Qeorg Friedrich, 1 : i, 2. Hilgard, Gerhard Samuel, 1 : i. Hilgard, Gustav Leonhard, father of Henry Villard, 1 : i ; education, 2 ; mar riage, 3; legal functions, 2, 3; disaffected toward Revolution, 4, 5 ; a strict parent, 4, 5, 7, 8 ; support for V. in America, 35, 59 ; death, 8:269. Hilgard, Jacob, 1 : i, 2. Hilgard, Robert C. (1832-), son of Friedrich by second marriage, at Frank fort, 1:4; seeks V. out in Chicago, and takes him to Belleville, 25-27. Hilgard, Theodor (1808-72), second son of Friedrich and brother of Gustav, 1 : 2 ; farm at Belleville, 111., 28-32. Hilgard, Theodor Erasmus (1790-1873), son of Jacob, removes to Belleville, 111., 1:4; aids his grandnephew, Henry Vil- lard, 16; revisits Germany, 33. Hill, Adams S., newspaper correspondent with V., 1: 339: 3:267. Hill, Daniel H., misunderstanding with Polk at Chickamauga, 3: 128-130. Hill, James J., railroad rival of Northern Pacific, 2 : 328 ; party with Union Pacific to control Oregon & Transcontinental, 330; refuses to sell St. Paul, Minneapolis & Manitoba to Northern Pacific, 335, 336. Hindman, Thomas C., in Chickamauga fight, 3 : 92-95 ; charged with disobedience by Bragg, 99; in second day s fight, 153, 154; relieved of command, 193, 197; charges preferred, overruled by Davis, 197. Hitt, R. R., 1: 95, 4- Holladay, Ben, controls Oregon & Cali fornia R. R. Co., 8:272; first meeting with V., 273; again in Oregon, 274; fails to execute contract, 275; dishonesty to creditors of Oregon S. S. Co., 276; accedes to V. s compromise, 276. Hood, John B., brings division to Bragg, 8: 118; replaces Bushrod Johnson at Chickamauga, 114; last order to Johnson, 142; loses leg, 145. Hooker, Joseph, first meeting with V., character, 1 : 347 ; in Fredericksburg cam paign, 347, 362, 368-370, 372, 375 : failure at Chancellorsville, 3 : 178 ; sent to Chatta nooga, 177; leaves Cincinnati with V., 178 ; checks Wheeler s raid, 205 ; opera tions in opening up Tennessee River, 221- 228 ; finds fault with Gen. Schurz, 226-228 ; force before the attack on Lookout Mt., 244 ; attacks, 255-263 ; exults in victory, 261. Hooper, Edward W., 8: 15. House, Edward H., 1 : 185, 195. Howard, Oliver O., at Fredericksburg, 1: 358, 360, 367, 370; sent to Chattanooga, 2: 177; part in battle of Wauhatchie, 222- 224, 231 ; under Thomas, 243, 252. Hudson, Frederic, V. s first meeting with, 1 : 71, 72 ; kind services from, 140, 163. Humphreys, Andrew A., in Fredericks burg campaign, 1 : 373-375. Hunter, David, with Lincoln from Spring field to Washington, 1 : 150; at Bull Run, 182, 187, 188, 190; wounded, 191 ; at Port Royal, 8:4, 7 ; Emancipation Proclama tion overruled, 7, 8 ; first recruits freedmen as soldiers, 8, 9 ; reviews ist S. C. Volun teers, 15, 16; seniority disputed by Gen. Foster, 20 ; address to his command, 27; confers with Dupont, 30. Hurlbut, Stephen A., at Shiloh, 1: 257- 259; cordiality to V., 272. Jackson, James S., in Perryville campaign, 1:311; in battle, 315, 319, 323; killed, 316. Jenckes, Thomas A., 8: 270. Johnson, Andrew, pleads for East Ten nessee loyalists, 1 : 214 ; military governor of Tennessee, 233. Johnson, Bushrod, relieved by Hood at Chickamauga, 3: 114; action in battle, 118, 120, 141; routs Van Cleve, 142; hot pursuit of Federals, 146; attacks Horse shoe, 153; recalled from Longstreet s ex pedition to Knoxville, 246, 247. Johnson, Richard W., 8: 73-75. Johnson, Samuel, 3: 52, 53. Johnston, Albert S., confronts Buell, 1: 220; falls back on Nashville, 221, and evacuates it, 229; concentrates at Corinth, 235 ; joins Beauregard in attack on Grant, 237; in command, 254, 256; killed, 261. Johnston, Joseph E., commands rebel troops at Harper s Ferry, 1 : 181 ; at Bull Run, 190-192 ; at Vicksburg, 8 : 67, 70. Kaiserslautern, V. s benefactions to, 8: 318- Kansas emigration societies, 1 : 52-59 ; con sequent settlements along the Missouri, 100-103. Kansas Pacific R. R. Co., defaults, 2: 275; a second time, V. made a receiver, 278; contest with Jay Gould and Union Pacific, 281 ; makes a fortune for Gould, 283. Kapp, Friedrich, German Republican lawyer in New York, 1 : 57, 58 ; death, 8: i9- Kearney, Denis, 8 : 280. Kelley, William D., kindness to V., 1: &gt; 55* Kershaw, Joseph B., attack on Horseshoe at Chickamauga, 2 : 155, 156. Knox, Thomas W., with V. at Cairo, 1: 263 ; at Memphis, 283. Koehler, Richard, agent of German bond holders, 2 : 273 ; conflict with Ben Hoik- day. 275. Koerner, Gustav, career, 1:32; aid to V., 42, 44. Lamon, Ward Hill, biographer of Lin coln, 1:97, 150; accompanies him to Washington, 150. Lane, Gardiner M., 2: 329. Lebanon County [Pa.] Courier, V. writes for, 1 : 85. Lee, Robert E., defeats Pope, 1 : 336, and Burnside, 391 ; surrender, 2 : 268. Lewis, Diocletian, 2 : 52. Lincoln, Abraham, his biographers, 1 : 97, 141, 156; Senatorial contest and debate with S. A. Douglas, 91-96; at Freeport, 93 ; first meeting with V., 93; his oratory, 93 ; his broad humor, 94, 143, 144, 149 ; his ambition, 96; freight-car interview with V. , 96 ; defeated by Douglas, 97 ; meets V. on the prairie near St. Joseph, 134; nomi nation at Chicago, 137; election, 138; friendly reception of V. at Springfield, 141 ; receptions and trials, 142-148; his wife s weakness, 148, 157; reticent about his policy, 145; prey of office-seekers, 146, 156; journey eastward and to Washington, 148-152; farewell to Springfield, 149; dis appoints the crowds, 1 52 ; prepares his in augural, 156-158; for holding Forts Sumter and Pickens, 159; call for volun teers, 161 ; anxiety at isolation of capital, 170; his wife s visits to camps about Wash ington, 175; interest in East Tennessee loyalists, 214; prods Gen. Buell, 215; welcomes Parson Brownlow, 234; expos tulates with Halleck, 267; relieves Buell and reinstates him, 308 ; talk with V. about Buell, 340; prods McClellan, 341; dis suades Burnside, 342, 347; receives V. s report of Fredericksburg defeat, 390, 391 ; directs naval operations against Charleston, 2:5; overrules Gen. Hunter s Emancipa tion Proclamation, 7, 8 ; his own circulated by colored troops in Sea Islands, 19 ; cen sure of Rosecrans, 71 ; puts aside his sug gestion of amnesty, 210; partiality for Gen. Palmer, 247; assassination, 268. Longstreet, James, at Fredericksburg, 1; 25

at Chickamauga, 58
127; forms his

line, 136; attacks Federals while shifting their line, 139 ; praises Kershaw, 155 ; his own laurels, 171; holds left at siege of Chattanooga, 182 ; opposes the siege and calls for Bragg s removal, 194, 196; attacks Hooker s advance at Wauhatchie, 223-226; sent against Burnside in East Tennessee, 238, 239, 246. Lookout Mountain, battle of, 2 : 255-263. Louisville, Ky., at opening of war, 1 : 203. Lytle, William H., in Perryville fight, 1: 316, 321 ; made prisoner, 320, 322. McClellan, George B., recommends Gen. Buell, 1 : 213 ; urges him forward, 214, 216 ; prodded by Lincoln, 341 ; removed from Army of Potomac, 335, 336; opposed to Emancipation Proclamation, 337. McClernand, John A., at Shiloh, 1: 257- 259 ; cordiality to V., 272. McCook, Alexander McD., division com mander under Buell, 1 : 219 ; accompanied by V. in advance against Johnston, 236 ; reaches front at Shiloh, 246; engaged, 247-249 ; at siege of Corinth, 274 ; claimed first entrance, 276; at luka, 288 ; march of his division to Louisville, 290-305 ; com mands corps in Perryville campaign, 310; in fight, 315-323; new command, leads march to Nashville, 2: 60; life at head quarters, 65; in advance on Chattanooga, 91 ; encounters enemy in Chickamauga engagement, 96; roundabout joining with Thomas, 98, 105, 107; failure to hold Wood in line, 138, 139; follows Gen. Rose crans to Chattanooga, 148, 165 ; returns to field, 1 68 ; commands right at Chattanooga, 168, 181; under public censure, 186, 187; relieved from duty, 187-189 ; court of in quiry s decision, 190. McCook, Anson G., Union general, 1 : 287. McCook, Daniel, brother of A. McD. Me- cook, 1 : 314 ; lawyer before the war, 328 ; at Perryville, 321, 322, 329; at Chicka mauga, 2: no, 113, 151; killed in Atlanta campaign, 1 : 329. McCook, David, 1 : 320. McCook, Edward M., brother of A. G. McCook, 1:287; scouting, 298-301, 329; in pursuit of Bragg, 329, 330; with Rose- crans s adrance on Chattanooga, 9 : 87 ; checks Wheeler s raid, 204, 205. McCcok, John J., brother of A. McD. Mc Cook, 1; 322; 2; 1 68, McCook, Robert L., colonel of the 9th Ohio, in fight at Mill Springs, 1:219; death, 300. McCullough, David, 1 : 45. McDowell, Irvin, in command of troops defending Washington, 1 : 179 ; character istics, 179, 1 80; plan of attack, 181; dis trust of it, 182; at Bull Run, 186-190; defeat, 190, 195. Manning & Merriman, 1 : 44, 45, 50. Marshall, Humphrey, 1 : 306. Meade, George G., in Fredericksburg campaign, 1 : 363, 378. Meagher, Thomas Francis, swell colonel, 1: 175; on the road to Bull Run, 183; in Fredericksburg campaign, 351, 366 ; retreat,

  • -

Meigs, Montgomery, 1:179; 8:216, 249. Memphis, taken by Federal fleet and army, 1 : 284-286. Menzel, Friedrich, 9 : 340. Miles, Nelson A., in Fredericksburg cam paign, 1 : 366. Mill, John Stuart, visited by V., 55 : 269. Miller, Silas, Kentucky loyalist, 1:203; friendly to V., 224. Missouri Democrat, St. Louis, employs V. as correspondent, 1 : 138. Mitchel, Ormsby M., 1 : 291. Modoc War, 2 : 280. Morgan, John, raids Buell s communica tions, 1 : 292, 294, 307 ; /8 : 61 ; Ohio raid, 76; captured, 77. Motley, John Lothrop, 2 : 268. Munich, V. s studies at, 1:7; benefactions to, 2 : 318, 340. Nashville, Tenn., abandoned by rebels, 1 : 223, 229 ; panic, 230 ; Federal occupa tion, 223, 228. Nation, New York weekly, bought by V. and consolidated with N. Y. Evening Post,

339-

Negley, James S., in advance on Chatta nooga, 2: 91; in Chickamauga engage ment, retires before Hindman, 95 ; goes to Thomas s support, 121 ; in second day s fight, 131 ; supports Bran nan instead of Baird, 137; retires with artillery to Ross- ville, 152; censured by Rosecrans, 185; curious punishment, 191, 192. Nelson, William, naval officer, recruits for army in Kentucky, 1 : 205 ; division commander under Buell, 219 ; at Fort Don- elson, 224 ; at Nashville, 226 ; fords Duck River, 238; speeds to Grant s relief, 240, 242 ; stems the retreat at Pittsburg Land ing, 244, 245, 259 ; orders gunboats to fire incessantly, 246 ; advance on second day, 247; dispute as to first entry in Corinth, 276 ; order to clear Kentucky of Morgan, 295, 307; defeat, 301, 307; killed by J. C. Davis, 308, 309. Nesmith, James W., 2 : 311. Neue Zeit, New York weekly, V. s corre spondence with, 1 : 63, 64, 68, 73. New Ironsides, appearance, 2 : 33 ; pre pared for attack on Charleston forts, 35-40; under fire, 41; beyond control, 41, 42; damages, 44. Nicolay, John G., Lincoln s secretary,!: 141, and biographer, 141, accompanies him to Washington, 150. North American Co-founded by V., 2: 341 ; his presidency, 342 ; succors it, 343 ; collapse, 357 ; V. resigns from board, 365. North American Review, V. writes for, 2 : 269, 345. Northern Pacific & Manitoba R. R., founded by V., 8:307; suit in connection with it, 370, 371. Northern Pacific R. R., threatens V. s Oregon system, 2 : 291 ; negotiations with, 291, 295 ; sells its first-mortgage bonds, 296; control acquired by V., who becomes president, 297-300 ; extension pushed, 300- 308; cost underestimated, 307; stock above par, 308; ceremonies of completion, 309- 312; V. s History of the road, 309; second mortgage placed, stock falls, 313; V. re signs presidency, 317; reenters board, 324; competing roads, 327,330; agreement sought with Union Pacific, 328, 329; V. chairman of board, 332; plans general mortgage, 333; failure to buy St. Paul, Minneapolis & Manitoba of J. J. Hill, 335, 336; lease of Wisconsin Central, 337; conversion of short loans, 358 ; last inspec tion by V., 358; expensive branches, 359 ; collateral trust mortgage, 365 ; goes into hands of receivers, 367; V. s last tour over road, 374. Oakes, Thomas F., general manager Ore gon Railway & Navigation Co., 2: 295; vice-president Northern Pacific, 300 ; sued with V. in connection with N. P. short lines, 370. Olcott, Frederick P., 9 : 335. Oregon & California R. R. Co., de faults, 2: 270; extension proposed by V., 277; V. becomes its president, 278; re signs, 293; bonds pass from German to English holders, V. president again, 294 ; extension, 301; leased to Oregon & Transcontinental Co., 303. Oregon & Transcontinental Co., founded by V., 2: 299; leases Oregon & Cali fornia lines, 303; rise in shares, 308; dis tress, 314, 315; V. resigns presidency, 316; leases Oregon system to Union Pacific, 327; rescued by V. from bank ruptcy, 323 ; his new presidency, 329 ; holds control against Union Pacific and J. J. Hill, 330; absorption in North Amer ican Co., 341. Oregon Central R. R., 2: 275, 276; pro posed extension by V., 277, 281. Oregon Improvement Co., founded by V., 2: 292. Oregon Railway & Navigation Co., founded by V., 2: 288, 289; T. F. Oakes general manager, 295; V. resigns presi dency, 315; leased to Union Pacific, 327; V. rescues it, 322, 323 ; injunction against it, 330; stock sold to Union Pacific, 332. Oregon Steam Navigation Co., 2: 285, 286; sells out to V., 289. Oregon Steamship Co., 2: 275; V. presi dent, 278; creditors take possession, 281 ; sell out to V., 285; V. resigns presidency, - Oregon University, succored by V., 2: 304 ; last reception, 375. Orr, James L., 1: 77. Ottendorfer, Oswald, employs V. as can vasser, 1 : 89. Pacific Coast Steamship Co., 2 : 293. Palmer, John M., 2 : 247. Palmieri, Luigi, 2 : 269. Perryville, battle of, 1 : 313-325. Pfeiffer, Franz, grandfather of Henry Vil- lard, 1 : 3, 6. Pfeiffer, Lisette, marries Gustav Hilgard and becomes mother of Henry Villard, 1 :

; death, 2 : 268. 

Phillips, Wendell, 2: 54 . Pierce, Edward L., 2 : 8, 9. Pike s Peak, gold fever and settlements, 1 : -136. Pillow, Gideon J., invades Kentucky, 1 :

; reinforces Fort Donelson, 221. 

Pittsburg Landing, after the rout of Grant s army, 1 : 243-246 ; second day s fight, 247-251. Polk, Leonidas, in the Shiloh campaign, 1 : 254, 256 ; under Bragg in Perryville campaign, 313, 314; at Stone s River, 2: 62 ; at Chickamauga, disappoints Bragg, 99, 100 ; mistake on second day, 128-130; repulse, 135; delayed advance, 160; holds right in investment of Chattanooga, 182 ; works for Bragg s removal, 196 ; suspended from command, 129, 130, 193, 197; charges preferred, overruled by Davis, 197. Pope, John, with Lincoln from Springfield to Washington, 1: 150; operations on Mississippi, 264; ordered to join Halleck before Corinth, 265; commands Army of Mississippi, 266; renews acquaintance with V., 272; at siege of Corinth, 274; de ceived by rebels, 275 ; awarded honor of first entering Corinth, 276; pursuit of Rebels, 278 ; misleading reports of success, 279-281; succeeds McClellan and fails, 336. Potts, Joseph D., 2 : 291. Prentice, George D., 1 : 203. Prentiss, Benjamin M., at Shiloh, 1 : 257- - Press, Philadelphia, V. writes for, 1 : 91. Preston, William, 2: 158. Pullman, George. M., 2 : 291, 293. Pumpelly, Raphael, 2: 305. Rawlins, John A., 1: 270. Raymond, Henry J., 1: 71. Reid, Whitelaw, V. s first acquaintance with, 1: 253; buysT. s house, 2: 321. Richardson, Albert D., accompanies Greeley to Denver, 1: 122, 126; army correspondent, meets V. again at Cairo, 263, and at Memphis, 283. Roach, John, 2: 290. Roddy, Philip D., 2 : 206. Rodgers, Christopher R. P., chief of staff to Admiral Dupont, 2 : 12 ; in attack on Charleston forts, 49-51 ; defence of Dupont, commendation of V., 49-51. Rosecrans, William S., V. s first ac quaintance with, 1 : 272 ; pursuit of rebels after Corinth, 279; succeeds Buell, 331, 2: 59; reorganizes army, marches against Bragg, 60, 61 ; plan of battle at Stone s River, 62 ; shaken by losses incurred, 63 ; fortifies Murfreesboro , and will not budge, 64 ; receives V. cordially, 64 ; seeks to use him, 65; appearance and conversation, 66, 67; fails to hold Bragg together, 69; or dered to advance, 70, 71 ; censured by Lincoln, 71 ; strategy against Bragg, 72 ; forces him to Chattanooga, 78 ; pursues, 79; justifies delay at Murfreesboro", 80; forced to advance, 81 ; plan of campaign, 86; elation over forcing Bragg out of Chattanooga, 89 ; fancies him in retreat, 96; disillusion, 104 ; attempts to concentrate his army, 97 ; anxiety, 108 ; achievement on first day of Chickamauga engage ment, 124 ; report, 125 ; night council, 126 ; sends help to Thomas, 131, 137; orders army right to retire behind left, 137; fatal order to Wood, 138, 139; cut off from army, flees to Rossville, 147, 165 ; allows Garfield to return, 157, but will not him self, 167; does not send McCook and Crit- tenden back, 165; report of second day, 166; fatal order to abandon Lookout Mt., 202; confidence restored, 168; empty proclamation, 169; comparison with Bragg, 170; proposes amnesty to Lincoln, 210; welcomes V., 179, 184; resentment at Washington authorities, 184 ; censures Wood, McCook, Crittenden, and Negley, 184, 185 ; not a party to their punishment, 188 ; favors to V., 213 ; vague plans, 185; scheme to open safe communications with down-river, 207, 217; relieved from com mand, 208 ; review of his downfall, 210-213. Rousseau, Lovell H., lawyer before the war, 1 : 328 ; recruits loyal Kentuckians, 205; division commander under Buell, 220 ; at Shiloh, 247-249; in Perryville campaign, 311, 315-323 ; cheered by ist Wisconsin, 317; inquires into Gilbert s appointment, 324; denounces him, 328; military qualities and appearance, 328 ; under Rosecrans, 55 : 61, 168. Russell, Majors & Waddell, stage line to Cherry Creek, 1 : 106, 115, 130. St. Paul & Northern Pacific Co., founded by V., 3 : 306. Saxton, Rufus, in charge of Sea Island freedmen, 8:9; character and appearance,

administration, 22.

Scheel, Johann, brother-iu law of Theodor A. Engelmann, 1 : u; forester and register of deeds, 27; kindness to V., 42. Schoepf, Albin, German Hungarian sol dier, 1: 296; in Perryville fight, 320. Schurz, Carl, in Lincoln campaign, 1 : 138; takes his division to Bridgeport, 2 : 178 ; in battle of Wauhatchie,J225-228 ; vilified by Hooker, 226-228; in attack on Missionary Ridge, 251 ; editor of N. Y. Evening Post, 338 ; praised by Bismarck, 354. Schweninger, Ernst, arranges visit to Bismarck from V., 2: 346; care of Bis marck, 350, 352, 355. Scott, Winfield, safeguards Lincoln s in auguration, 1: 158; for abandoning Forts Sumter and Pickens, 159; decrepitude, 168, 178; failure to get military intelligence, 169 ; shelved, 179 ; against offensive move ment, 180, 181. Severance, Theodoric C., collectorat Port Royal, JJ : ii ; his family in Boston, 52. Seward, William H., loses nomination for Presidency, 1 : 137 ; belief in peaceful solution of rebellion, 160 ; flattered by N. Y. Herald, 171; talk with V., 339. Shaw, Robert Gould, 8 : 54. Sheridan, Philip H., appearance, 1: 329; in Perryville fight, 314, 320-322; talk with V., 329; command under Rosecrans, /8: 61 ; at Chickamauga, 120; engages Hind- man, 144 ; rejoins Thomas, 145, 146 ; in advance on Missionary Ridge, 248. Sherman Silver Act, causes stringent money market, 2 : 342 ; catastrophe pre dicted by V., 359; his efforts to repeal the act, 360, 363. Sherman, William Tecumseh, V. s first talk with, 1: 183; at Bull Run, 183, 188, 190, 195; under Gen. Anderson in Ken tucky, 207, 208; succeeds him, 209; aver sion to newspaper correspondents, 209; habit as a talker, 210 ; forecast of magnitude of conflict, 210, 21 1 ; interview with Secre tary Cameron, 211; mind reported un balanced, 211, 212; relieved of command, 213; at Shiloh, not suspecting attack, 257; position, 257; driven back and wounded, 250, 251 ; in the pursuit to Cor inth, 252, 271; gruff to V., 272; at siege of Corinth, 274, 278; press-censorship at &gt; Memphis, 2 : 238 ; ordered to Chattanooga, 232; movement north from Vicksburg, 234-236; joins Grant, 236; bold river trip to Bridgeport, 237; delayed in getting iSth Corps to mouth of Chickamauga, 242; advance on Missionary Ridge, 251- 254- Shields, James P., 1 : 77. Shiloh, rebel preparations for battle, 1: 2 54 2 55-257; attack, 258; Federal rout, 243-246; second day s victory, 247-251; aspect of battle-field, 252 ; casualties, 262. Sickles, Daniel ., in Fredericksburg campaign, 1 : 362, 381. Siemens, Georg, director of the Deutsche Bank, 9 : 310, 368. Siemens, Werner, 2: 325. Sill, Joshua W., 1: 311, 327, 329. Sitting Bull, 2: 311. Small, Robert, 3: 13. Smalley, Eugene V., 2: 309. Smalley, George W., N. Y. Tribune correspondent and editor, 1 : 335, 345, 348 ; succeeded at Washington by V., 335; de fends Admiral Dupont, 2 : 49 ; letter from Capt. Rodgers, 50; introduces V. to Wendell Phillips, 53; Tribune s corre spondent for Prusso-Austrian war, 268. Smith, Edmund Kirby, invades Kentucky, 1: 306; routs Nelson, 307; in Perryville fight, 313. 3i4- Smith, Elijah, 2: 323. Smith, William F., in Fredericksburg campaign, 1: 347, 381, 383; chief of engi neers to Rosecrans, 2 : 207 ; helpful to V., 216; opens way to Brown s Ferry, 217- 221; praise from Thomas, 231; fortifies Chattanooga, 231. Speyer, birthplace of V., 1: j; schooling there, 6; his benefactions to it, 2:318; gives him freedom of the city, 319, 340. Sprague, William, 1 : 175. Staats-Zeitung, N. Y., V. s first connec tion with, 1 : 72, 73, 85 ; canvasser for, 90; reports Lincoln-Douglas campaign for, 91. Stanton, Edwin M., succeeds Cameron as Secretary of War, 1 : 339 ; misled by Pope s despatches, 279, 280; prods Rosecrans, 2: 80; uses C. A. Dana as emissary to West ern armies, 166; abused by Rosecrans, 184; praise of Thomas, 186; meets Grant at Louisville, 209. Staples & Sims, 1 : 50, 52. Stedman, Edmund Clarence, 1 : 185, 195. Steedman, James B., with Gen. Granger at Chickamauga, 2: 151; defends Horse shoe, 155. Stewart, Alexander P., successes at Chick amauga, 2: 116; opens second day s fighting, 139; occupies Reynolds s breast works, 162. Straus, Oscar, 2 : 320. Sumner, Edwin V., with Lincoln from Springfield to Washington, 1:150; plan of crossing the Rappahannock, 343; in Fredericksburg campaign, 345, 368, 369; reception of V., 348; dissuades Burnside from second attack on Lee, 384. Swinton, William, 2: 47, 48. Sybel, Heinrich von, 2 : 340, 374. Thayer, James B., 2: 273. Thomas, Anthony J., 2: 300. Thomas, George H., serves under Gen. Anderson, 1:207, 208; defeats Zollicoflfer at Mill Springs, 218; division commander under Buell, 219; commands Army of Tennessee under Halleck, 265 ; centre commander under Rosecrans, 2 : 61 ; in advance on Chattanooga, 91 ; position on the Chickamauga, 105 ; shifted to Critten- den s left, 107 ; position at Kelly s Farms, 112; opens battle, 113; position on second day, 126 ; calls for reinforcements, 131, 132 ; holds his own, 136; directs the after noon fight, 149; joined by Garfield, 156; ordered to retir* to Rossville, 157 ; begins movement, 160; advises concentrating at Chattanooga, 168 ; holds centre there, 168, 181 ; succeeds Rosecrans, 208 ; praises Hooker s command, 231 ; complains of garbling of his report on Chickamauga, 213; his character, 213. Thomas, Samuel, 2: 331, 335. Tittmann, Rosa, Clara, and Theresa, 1 . 34- Tribune, Chicago, makes V. Washington correspondent, 2: 268, and special at Paris Exposition of 1867, 269. Tribune, N. Y., V. s first approaches to, 1 : 71 ; first commission from, 74 ; employ ment in Lincoln campaign, 136; as Wash ington correspondent, 153, 154 ; in Perry ville campaign, 319, 331 ; to succeed G. W. Smalley, 335 ; to review campaigns of Army of Ohio, 335 ; to correspond in Burnside s campaign, 339, in Rosecrans s, 2: 54, in Prusso-Austrian campaign, 268. Trumbull, George, 1 : 42, 43, 54, Trumbull, Lyman, his brother, 1 : 42, 54; U. S. Senator, visited by V., 54. Turchin, John B., in expedition to Brown s Ferry, 2 : 218-220. Tyler, Daniel, partin Bull Run, 1: 182-189. Tyler, Robert O., 1 : 374. Tyndale, Hector, 2 : 225, 226. Tyndale, Sharon, 1 : 33. Uhl, Mrs. (afterwards Mrs. Ottendorfer), owner of Staats-Zeitung, kind reception of V., 1: 72; employment as canrasser and correspondent, go, 91. Union Pacific R. R., contest with V. and Kansas Pacific, 2 : 281 ; negotiations with him for Columbia River connection, 284; assent, 302; leases Oregon system, 327; futile negotiations with Northern Pacific, 328, 329 ; contest for Oregon & Transcon tinental, 330; buys stock of Oregon R. R. & Navigation Co., 332. Utassy, Colonel d , 1 : 174. Vallandigham, Clement L., 2 : 59, 201. Vaughan, John C., 1 : 103. Villard, Henry (1835-1900), Birth and bap tismal name, 1 : i ; ancestry, 1-3 ; boyhood home, 3 ; effect of Revolution on his edu cation, 4, 5 ; schooling at Phalsbourg, 6 ; university studies, 7 ; runs away to Amer ica, 8 (1853) Lands in New York, n; starts West, 16; experiences in Philadel phia, 17; in Pittsburg, 19; in Cincinnati, 20-22 ; in Indiana, 22, 23 ; in Chicago, 23-26; in St. Louis, 26, 27; reaches Belle ville, 111., 27; sojourns there with relatives, 28-35 (1854-55) Lawyer s clerk at Car- lyle, 111., 37-41 ; reads law in Belleville, 42, 43, and in Peoria, 111., 44-47; writes for the Belleville Zeituttg, 46 (1855) Book canvasser in Milwaukee, 47-50 ; real-estate salesman in Chicago, 50-52 ; interest in local election, 51 ; scheme for German free- soil colony in Kansas, Eastern mission, 52- 59 ; interviews with Senators Trumbull and Douglas in Washington, 54, 55 ; with W. D. Kelley and Francis M. Drexel in Phila delphia, 55, 56; acquaintance with Col. Blenker, Dr. Hexamer, and Friedrich Kapp in New York, 56, 58 ; meets John C. Fre"- mont, 59 ; edits Republicanized Volksblatt in Racine, Wis., 59-67 ; organizes German Republican club and speaks in Presiden tial campaign, 63 ; becomes Western politi cal correspondent of N. Y. Neue Zeit, 63, 64, 68, 731; assumes ownership of Volksblatt, 65; fails, 66 (I85&-57) Writes for Racine Daily A dvocate, 68 ; obtains new land charter at Madison, 69; makes acquain tance, in New York, of Dana, Raymond, and Hudson, 71, and of Mrs. Uhl of the Staats-Zeitung, 72; writes for that paper and for Frank Leslie s, 73 ; Western mis sion for Tribune, with aid from Thurlow Weed, 73-78 ; pleasure journeys in Minne sota, 76, 77, and visit to Senator Shields,

district teacher in Jonestown, Pa., 80-

89 (1857-58) Western subscription can vasser for Staats-Zeitung, 89-91, and correspondent in Lincoln-Douglas cam paign, 91-98; interview with Douglas, 92 ; introduction to Lincoln, 93 ; acquaintance with Horace White and R. R. Hitt, 95 ; freight-car talk with Lincoln, 96 (1858) Legislative/eporter for Cincinnati Commer cial, 98 ; expelled from floor of Indiana Legislature, 99 ; special Pike s Peak gold- fields reporter for Commercial, 99-132; by first stage from Leavenworth to Cherry Creek, 106-114; excursion to Fort Scott, 107; encounters buffalo herds, no; canni bal emigrants, 112; at Cherry Creek (Den ver), 115-133; visits Gregory Gulch, 119- 122 ; joined at Denver by Horace Greeley and A. D. Richardson, 122, and accom panies them to Gregory Gulch, 125 ; wit nesses growth of Denver, 128-131 ; journey eastward, 132-135; meets Lincoln on the prairie, 134; prepares Guide to Pike s Peak, 132, 135 (1859) Reports Chicago Repub lican Convention for Cincinnati Commer cial, 136-138; campaign reporter for it and for Missouri Democrat and N. Y. Tribune, 138 ; reporter near Lincoln at Springfield, 111., for N. Y. Herald, 140-149 (1860-61) With Presidential party journeying to New York, 149-152 ; meets Nicolay and Hay, 141; study of Lincoln, 142-148, 152; re ports his farewell to Springfield, 149; re porter in Washington for Cincinnati Com mercial and Chicago Tribune, 153, and telegraphic reporter for N. Y. Herald, 153 ; witnesses Lincoln s inauguration, 157; summoned to New York by James Gordon Bennett, 161-163; return to Washington obstructed by rebel bridge-burning in Maryland, 163-166; news-getting from Cabinet officers, 171-173; visits to the camps, 173-175; offered a military commis sion, 177; preparation for field correspon dent, 178; interviews with Gen. Scott, 178; at McDowell s headquarters, Capt. Fry, 182 ; joins advance on Bull Run, 183 ; under fire with Stedman and House, 185 ; back to Centreville, 186, 192-196; in the rout to Washington, 196-198; sends first despatch of disaster to N. Y. Herald, 198, 199; sent to Kentucky by the Herald, zoo; intercourse with Gen. W. T. Sherman, 209-212 ; private letter about him misused by Cincinnati Commercial, 212; obtains supply of Southern papers, 217 (1861) With Nelson s command to Fort Donelson after surrender, 224 ; to Nashville, 225-228 ; first sight of Gen. Grant, 231, of Andrew Johnson and Parson Brownlow, 233 ; ac companies Gen. McCook in Shiloh cam paign, 236 ; at Pittsburg Landing, 243 ; in second day s fight, 247-250 ; to Cairo with Whitelaw Reid, 253 ; meets A. D. Richard son, T. W. Knox, J. H. Browne, and R. T. Colburn, 263 ; return to Pittsburg Landing, 264 ; with the advance to Corinth, 269 ; a pass from Grant, 270, 271; favors from Gens. Lew Wallace, McClernand, Hurlbut, and Pope, 272 ; impressions of Grant, 273; enters Corinth, 276 ; from Corinth to Mem phis, 283 ; back to Corinth, 287; in north ward march to luka, 287, Florence, 289, Huntsville and Battle Creek, 291-293; up the Sequatchie, 296; scouting with Col. McCook, 298; at Murfreesboro , 300; to Nashville, 302 ; to Bowling Green, 303 ; to Louisville, 304; witnesses death of Gen. Nelson, 308; with Gen. McCook s advance to Chaplin River, 311 ; with Rousseau at battle of Perryville, 315-319, 325, 326; surveys the field, 327, 328, 331 ; accom panies Col. McCook again, 329 ; returns to Louisville, 330; to New York, 331; be comes N. Y. Tribune correspondent with Army of Potomac, 335; in Washington, 337, 339 ; reviews campaigns of Army of Ohio, 335&gt; 339 I talks with Secretary Chase and Lincoln, 340; to Falmouth, Va., via Acquia Creek, 344, 345; visits Burnside s head quarters, talk with Gen. Hooker, 347; re ceived at Gen. Sumner s headquarters, re lations with Gen. Butterfield, 349 ; meets Burnside, 350; views preparations for cross ing river, 354-358 ; crosses with troops, 360; recrosses, 362; to the front with French, 363-371 ; shelled in Fredericks- burg, 372; with Hooker, 372-375 ; recrosses river, 376; to Acquia Creek, 385-387; boards a steamer on the Potomac and reaches Washington, 388 ; reports Freder- icksburg defeat to Senator Wilson, 389, and to President Lincoln, 390, 391 (i86a) To Port Royal on the A rago, 8:4; at Hilton Head, 10 ; introduction to officers of fleet, 12; visit to Beaufort, 13; meets Gen. Saxton, 14; witnesses review of colored troops by Gen. Hunter, 15 ; visits Fort Pulaski, 17; visits the freedmen under Gen. Saxton, 22; with Gen, Ferry to North Edisto Harbor, 28; with the fleet to Charleston harbor, 33; sole newspaper correspondent on the New-Ironsides, 35 ; in the attack on the rebel forts, 41-45; praise from Capt. Rodgers, 49, 51; to Washington on the Bibb, 47 ; to Boston, 52 ; introduction to family of William Lloyd Garrison and to future wife, 52-55, and to Wendell Phillips, 53, 54; visits colored regiments at Readville, 54 ; to Cincinnati and Murfreesboro , 56 ; well received by Gen. Rosecrans, 64; estimate of this gen eral, 212 ; joins Gen. McCook s family, 65 ; confidential relations with Rosecrans and Garfield, 66-68; joins Gen. Johnson in the advance against Bragg, 73-75 ; pros trated with fever and sent back to Mur freesboro , 75 ; Louisville and Cincinnati, 76; fresh prostration, 77; accompanies Gen. Hooker to Chattanooga, 178-180; witnesses the bombardment, 183 ; gathers material for an account of the battle of Chickamauga, 184-187, 213; intercourse with C. A. Dana, 188, 189, 216 ; privations of the siege, 200, 202, 215; joins Gen. Willich s mess, 215 ; accompanies Gen. W. F. Smith on Brown s Ferry expedition, 218-221, and Gen. Willich in the advance on Missionary Ridge, 248, 251 (1863) Establishes news agency in Washington, represents it with Army of the Potomac, and witnesses the battles in the Wilderness and siege of Petersburg, visits his family in Germany, 267 (1864) Returns to become Washington correspondent of the Chicago Tribune, 268 (1865) Marries Fanny Gar rison, goes to Germany as the N. Y. Tribune s correspondent in Prusso-Aus- trian war, 268 (1866) In Paris as Exposi tion correspondent of the Chicago Tribune, visit to John Stuart Mill at Avignon, 268 ; loses his father, 269 (1867) Home with the Garrisons in Roxbury, Secretary of the American Social Science Association, 269 (1868-70) To Germany, mortgage-bank plan, 270 (1870-71) First railroad nego- tiationsin Germany, 270 (1871-73) Serious illness in Heidelberg, 271 (1872-73) Joins committee of bondholders of Oregon & Cali fornia R. R. Co., 271, and of Kansas Pacific R. R. Co., 275 (1873) Delegate for both to U. S., first visit to California and Ore gon, 273, 275; to Germany to report and return, 274 ; compromise with Ben Holla- day, 275 (1874) To Frankfort and London for confirmation, 276; opens Oregon immigration bureau in New York, 277 (1875) To Oregon, elected president of the Oregon & California R. R., and Oregon S.S. Co., appointed a receiver of the Kansas Pacific, 278 ; revisits Denver, 279 (1876) To Colorado and California, 279 ; desperate illness in San Francisco, 280 (1877) Con test with Jay Gould and Sidney Dillon over Kansas Pacific, 281 ; dislodged by Gould from his receivership, 282 (1878) Triumphs over Gould, 283; negotiations with Union Pacific, 284; buys out credi tors of Oregon S. S. Co., 285; conceives Oregon Railway & Navigation Co., 286; buys out Oregon Steam Navigation Co., 289; builds first steamship lighted with electricity, 290 (1879) Negotiations for traffic division with Northern Pacific R. R., 291 ; builds feeders to his Oregon system, founds Oregon Improvement Co., 292; buys the two Oregon railroads, 293, 294; contract with Northern Pacific, 295 (1880) Acquires New York Evening Post and Nation, 338; scheme to control Northern Pacific, 297; the blind pool, 298; founds Oregon & Transcontinental Co., 299; elected president of Northern Pacific, pushes its completion, 300 (1881) Builds branch lines, 301 (1882-83) Fast trip across the continent, 303; organizes Ter minal Co. at Portland, Oregon, 303 ; builds "The Portland" hotel, supports and en dows the State University, and saves the University of Washington Territory, 304; eastward overland j ourney, transcontinental scientific exploration under R. Pumpelly, 305; forms Terminal Co. at St. Paul, and organizes St. Paul & Northern Pacific Co., 306 ; builds branch line to Canadian boun dary, learns of underestimates of N. P. engineers, 307; publishes history of the Northern Pacific, leads international excur sion to witness completion of the road, 309 ; lays cornerstone of Capitol at Bismarck, Dakota, hammers down the last spike (September 3), 311 ; by the waters of the Pacific, 312 ; efforts to avert catastrophe of Northern Pacific, 313; hostile comments of the Street and the press, 314; losses from collapse of West Shore R. R. , practical in solvency, 315 ; resigns presidency of Ore gon & Transcontinental and Oregon Rail way & Navigation Co. (December 16), 316, and of Northern Pacific, 317; nervous prostration, 317 (1883) To Germany: ovations for former public benefactions, 318; residence in Berlin, 319 (1884) Re signs presidency of Oregon & California R. R., 319 ; invitations to build railroads in Asia Minor and German East Africa, 319 (1885) To New York as financial repre sentative of the Deutsche Bank, 320 ; sells his New York home to Whitelaw Reid,32i ; saves Oregon & Transcontinental Co., 322 (1886) Reenters Northern Pacific board, 324; efforts towards understanding with Union Pacific R. R., 328, 329 (1887-88) Founds Edison General Electric Co., 326; contest with Union Pacific for control of Oregon & Transcontinental, 330 ; final re tirement from Oregon Railway & Naviga tion Co., takes chairmanship of finance com mittee of Northern Pacific, 332 ; effects consolidated mortgage, 333 (1889) Fails to buy St. Paul, Minneapolis & Manitoba R. R. of J. J. Hill, 335; effects lease of Wisconsin Central, 337 ; renewed benefac tions abroad and at home, 340; founds North American Co. to absorb Oregon & Transcontinental, death of Hilgard Villard, to Germany, 341; trouble over danger to North American Co., 342, and his brokers failure (Decker, Howell & Co.), 343; invi tation to call on Chancellor Caprivi, 343; urged by L. Bamberger to visit Bismarck, 345, and by Dr. Schweninger, 346; the visit, 346-356 ; return to New York, 357 (1890) To Germany: lays cornerstone in Zweibriicken of orphan asylum, memorial of Hilgard Villard, 358 ; last official tour of Northern Pacific, 358; warns the people against disaster from Sherman Act, 359 (1891) Efforts for repeal of the Act and establishment of gold standard, 360, and for renomination of Cleveland, 361, and re election, 362; dinner to the President elect, 362; vain efforts to induce him to call an extra session of Congress, 363; conference of engineers looking to electric locomotion, 326 (1892) Retires from Northern Pacific and North American boards, chairman of New York committee to receive nation s World s Fair guests, 365; visits World s Fair, 367, and sends over German artisans to visit it, 376 ; op poses postponing default of Northern Pa cific, 367 ; designates receiver on behalf of Deutsche Bank (E. D. Adams). 369; family tour of the Mediterranean, 369 (1893) In Africa, 369; summer in Europe, suit against him in connection with Northern Pacific, winters in Munich, 371 (1894) To New York, suit dismissed, 371; reimburses losers by his financial advice, 372; literary occupations in retirement, 373, 374 (1895) Study of Civil War and preparation of his memoirs, 373 (1895-1900) To Europe during war with Spain, 374 (1898) Last tour over Northern Pacific system, 374, and to Alaska, 375; declining health, 375 (1899) Death (November 12), 375 (1900).

Villard, Henry Hilgard, at opening of Northern Pacific R. R., 2:309, 311; death, 341; memorial orphan asylum in Zweibrucken, 358.

Volksblatt, edited by V. at Racine, Wis., 1: 59-67.


Wallace, Lew, Senator in Indiana, 1: 271; position on eve of Shiloh, 257; in the fight, 260; in advance on Corinth, 270; cordiality to V., 272.

Walthall, E. C., defeat at Lookout Mt., 2: 256-262.

Washington, cut off from rest of country, 1: 166-170; first military aspect, 168-171; in 1862, 338.

Washington University, supported by V., 2: 304; gratitude, 312.

Wauhatchie, battle of, 2: 221-228.

Weber, Max, N. Y. hotel-keeper, 1: 13; colonel in Civil War, 174.

Weed, Thurlow, befriends V., 1: 74; for peaceful division of Union, 155.

Welles, Gideon, characterized, 1: 172.

Wenzel, F., 1: 46.

West Shore R. R., 2: 315.

Wheeler, Joseph, raids Buell's communications, 2: 61; repulsed, 69; raids Rosecrans's, 185, 203-206.

White, Horace, first acquaintance with V., 1: 95; joins him in Washington news agency, 2: 267; editor of Chicago Tribune, 268; becomes one of the editors of N. Y. Evening Post, 338.

Wikoff, Henry, 1: 157.

Wilder, J. T., 2:145.

Wilkeson, Samuel, N. Y. Tribune correspondent, 1: 211, 339; interview with Sherman, 211-213.

William, Prince of Prussia, suppresses Revolution in the Palatinate, 1: 5.

Willich, August von, Prussian artillery officer, commands 32d Indiana, 1: 237; at Shiloh, 248; at Liberty Gap, 8; 74; bayonet charge at Chickamauga, 116; drills his troops under fire, 123; receives rebel night attack, 122; brilliant charges, 136, 161, 162; brings up rear, 163; takes V. into his mess, 215, and with him in advance on Missionary Ridge, 248, 251.

Wilson, Henry, 1: 389.

Winser, Henry J., correspondent N. Y. Times, 8: n.

Wisconsin Central R. R. Co., 2: 336.

Wood, Thomas J., at Chickamauga, 2: 100, 120; fatal order from Rosecrans to support Reynolds, 138, 139; brigade suffers, 140; takes strong position on the Horse shoe, 150; censured by Rosecrans, 184; censure of him, 157, and of Negley, 191, 192.

Worden, John L., at Hilton Head, 2: 12; attack on Fort McAllister, 17, 18; destroys Nashville, 24.


Xylander, Emil von, 2: 310.

Xylander, Robert von, 2: 310, 346.


Zeitung, Belleville (111.), V. writes for, 76.

Zollicoffer, Felix K., invades Kentucky,: 207, 208; killed at Mill Springs, 218.

Zweibrücken, childhood home of V., 1: 3; his benefactions to it, 2: 318, 358; ovation there, 319.