Memoirs of Sir Isaac Newton's life/Genealogy of Newton

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writing the accounts I was gathering on that head, & sent them in letters to Dr. Mead, to be transmitted to Mr Conduit. His daughter was marryed to Xthe honorable John Wallop esqr. eldest son of Lord Lymington; into whose hands all Sir Isaacs papers & manuscripts came, along with Mr Conduits: & also the letters that I wrote. as these & Mr Conduit's cannot now be obtain'd, I thought it advisable to recover as well as I cd. what I had wrote, from the original draughts left by me. & tis my happyness that whatever relates to him, requires no ornament of speech; & tis sufficient if I can but imitate his own plain way of writing. this year Mr Conduit publishd Sr. Isaac's admirable book de mundi systemate, & sent me a copy of it. likewise Sr. Isaacs own third edition of his Principia. In 1729 Ld Chancellor King presented me to the Living of all saints, Stamford. when I removed thither, he sent me Sr. Isaac's chronological treatise, wh he put out, & that on Daniel, & the Apocalypse in 1733.

Mr Ralf Clark, apothecary at Grantham (with whose grandfar. Sr. Isaac had lodged when a schoolboy) & I, were busy at Mr Mason's rector of Colsterworth, in our inquirys; when the Express came by post, θgoing to Scotland, of the death of King George I . I made diligent search for the Registers of the parish, of births, buryals, & marriages: especially the older ones, which generally have been very ill kept. nor can we say much in commendation of those of more modern date. they commonly give us the bare name of persons, without far., mor., or such other marks, as ascertain the identity of person. the old ones for the most part are lost, destroyd, or obliterated; for want of care, & due preservation.

thus are the national records, of all others most important, the most neglected! on this occasion, I cannot help observing, that tis too much the case thro'out the kingdom. frequently the task of keeping a Register book is committed to a parish clark, illiterate, that can scarcely write, sottish, or indolent. a task on which the fortunes, & emoluments of the whole kingdom, in a great measure depends. the setling descents, births, buryals, marriages, titles to estates, & matters of highest consequence, both civil & religious, are thus left at random, without any reasonable proof, or certainty, adequate to the weight of matters depending thereon.

Is it to be wondered at, when the publick, always penurious toward the parochial clergy, have provided no stipend, much less a proportionable one, to its necessity, & use. is it to be wonder'd at, when the public tamely suffers the solemnization of matrimony, the very foundation of all Society, & government, to be done at the Fleet, & in obscure, private rooms, by obscure private persons, with impunity, & in open defiance of the Laws.

Mr Mason, at my request, searching into some old Town chests, at length met with a few vellum leaves, being the parish register from anno 1571 to 1642 inclusive; the very year Sr. Isaac was born. but there is intermitted, not lost, from anno 1630 to 1640 inclusive. which is a space of time in which his fathers marriage happen'd, & probably other circumstances in his family, or among his relations, which wd. have assisted us in our present inquiry. however very luckily upon the last leaf, which has been miserably abusd, is this memorable account, under the title baptiz'd anno 1642.

Isaac sonne of Isaac & Hanna Newton jan 1.

tis probable, that the civil wars then beginning, was the reason, why it ends in this leaf. from those leaves I extracted all of the name of Newton, wh are numerous. but for the reason aforemention'd, of being generally bare names only, without mention of fathers, mothers, husband, wife, & the like, they were of no great service in drawing out his genealogy, as was my purpose to doe. Sr. Isaac himself had been inquisitive in this way, sometime ago. for at Colsterworth, in possion of John Newton his heir at law, I saw a half sheet of paper of Sr. Isaac's own hand writing; being a draught thereof, as far as he knew it, with orders for searching Registers, to make it more perfect. But I believe, his request was never fully answerd; & that Sr. Isaac never saw the leaves aforemention'd, of the old Register.

I took an exact copy of this writing. thus,

John Newton of Westby in Lincolnshire.
Decended from Newton in Lancashire
John Newton
Thomas Newton
Richd. Newton
Wm. Newton
Ann dar. of...
Kellum of Roseley
Richard Newton
Robt. Newton
of Wulsthorp
of Wulsthorp
Tho. Newton
of Gunnerby
Eliz. dar.
of Tho. Parker of Kibworth
Isaac Newton of Wulsthorp
Robt. Newton
of Colsterworth
Sr. Isaac Newton
both christmas 1642
Robt. Newton
Sr. John Newton,
born 1626
Robt. Newton
Sr. John Newton

Let the Registers of Westby, & Bichfield be searched, from the beginning to the year 1650; & extracts be taken of whatever marriages, births, & buryals have been in the family of the Newtons. & if the old Register of Colsterworth can be found, let the like extract be taken out of that. & let the extracts be taken, by copying out of the Registers, whatever can be met with, about the family of the Newtons, in words at length, without omitting any of the words.

Direct your letter to Sr. Isaac Newton, at his house in Jermyn Street, in Saint James's parish, in Westminster, London.

Thus far Sr. Isaac. & in it we have a specimen of his great, & scrupulous accuracy, in every thing he did, or wrote.

when Sr. Isaac was knighted, he made this inquiry

John Newton of Westby in Basingthorp parish, Lincolnshire. In the college of arms taken 1684.
John Newton of Westby aforesaid son & heir of John, purchased an estate at Wulsthorp in Colsterworth parish in that county; by deed dated 19 dec. 1562. he was buryed in Westby ch 22 dec. 1568.
Wm. Newton 4th son bapt. at Westby 30 aug. 1541 was of Gunnerby Lincolnshr. grandfar. of Sr. Jo. Newton of Hather created baronet.
Richd. Newton of Wulsthorp aforesaid, inherited the said purchasd lands, as appears by a recital in a deed dated 8 dec. 15 C.I. & was buryed in Colsterworth ch 20 apr. 1588.
Robt. Newton of Wulsthorp aforesaid inherited the same purchasd lands after the death of his far., as is mention'd in the aforesaid deed of 15 C.I. by wh deed he setled the manor of Wulsthorp by him purchasd upon his eldest son Isaac. he was buryed in Colsterworth ch 20 sept. 1641.
Isaac Newton of Colsterworth aforesaid, son and heir of Robert, was baptiz'd at Colsterworth 21 sep. 1606. Mentiond in the deed 15 C.I. bury'd in that ch 6 oct. 1642.
Hannah dar. of James Ayscough of Market Overton in Rutland gent. She was remarryed to Barnabas Smith rector of N. Witham Lincolnsr. by whom she had several children. she dyed at Stamford in Lincolnshire 1689. Buryed at Colsterworth.
Isaac Newton only child of Isaac & Hannah born 25 dec. baptizd at Colsterworth 1 Jan. 1642-3. lord of the mannor of Wulsthorp aforesaid, master of arts, late fellow of Trinity college Cambridg. Warden of the Mint by patent dat. 13 apr. 1696. Master and worker of the Mint by patent dat. 3 Feb. 1699, and president of the Royal Society.

following; & caused an entry ^of it to be made in the books at the heralds office. a copy of wh my frd. Mr Le neve Norroy, sent to me, on my request. thus far Sr. Isaac's entry at the Heralds office.

my frd. the late revd. Mr John Fisher rector of Westby & Basinthorp, gave me extracts of all of the name of Newton, appearing in his Register; from wh, & other helps, I improv'd the genealogy in the form following.
Colsterworth Church, Lincolnshire by W. Stukeley (1722).png
John Newton of Westby Lincolnshire, descended from Newtons of Lancashire
John Newton of Westby purchasd Wulsthorp mannor ob. 22 dec. 1563
Tho. Newton
Richd. Newton
William Newton of Gunnerby bapt. 30 aug. 1541
Ann dar. of ... Kellum of Ropesly
Richd. Newton of Wulsthorp ob. 20 apr. 1588. gt.
Geo. Newton
Robt. Newton
Simon Newton
Wm. Newton
Tho. Newton of Gunnerby
Eliz. dar. of Tho. Parker of Kibworth
Robt. Newton of Wulsthorp ob. 20 sept. 16 H. gent.
Richd. Newton of Wulsthorp
Isaac Newton bapt. apr. 40 1573
Sr. John Newton bart. born 1626
.... coheiress of .... Hickson of Gunnerby
Tho. Newton bapt. 3 aug. 1619
John Newton bapt. 2 dec. 1621
Sr. John Newton bart.
Barnabas Smith rectr. of N. Witham
Hannah dar. of Ja. Ayscough of Market Overton ob. 1689
Isaac Newton lord of the mannor of Wulsthorp bapt. 21 sept. 1606 bur. 6 oct. 1642
Robt. Newton bapt. 27 sep. 1607
Mary Newton bapt. 5 sep. 1612
Richd. Newton of Colsterworth bapt. 9 apr. 1609
Alice buryd 20 sep. 1642
Robt. Newton
Robt. Newton
Richd. Newton
Ann Newton bapt. 11 sep. 1642
Isaac Newton of Colsterworth ob. bapt. 21 sept. 1666
John Newton
Robt. Newton born jan. 167⅞
Richd. Newton born nov. 1685
John Newton of Colsterworth heir at law of Sr. Isaac
Vicountess Haplon Court by Comingsby
Sr. Michael Newton bart. knt. of the Bath
Benjamin Smith born 1650
Sara dar. of S. Bishop of Stickford
Mary Smith born 1647
... Pilkington high Sheriff of Rutland esqr.
Robt. Barton of Brinstoke gent.
Hannah Smith born 1652
Newton Smith of Barrowby gent.
... dar. of ... Wimberly of S. Witham
Tho. Pilkington
Catherin Barton
John Conduit esqr.
John Warner
Margt. Barton
Hannah Smith
Carrier Thomson of Stanground esqr.
Geo. Pilkington
Catherin Conduit
John Wallop esqr. eldest son of Lord Lymington
Colonel Robert Barton
Hannah Pilkington
John Clark

this family had its name from Newton, a Boroughtown in Lancashire. Isaac was a common name in this family. one dyd at Colsterworth about 30 years ago, whose family ended in a daughter.XIn the Colsterworth Register I found an Isaac Newton, son of Robt. baptized 21 Sept. 1606.

the ayscoughs were a very antient, & wealthy family in Lincolnshire, from a hamlet of that name, near Bedal yorkshire. one of ours built that elegant tower steeple at great Paunton, as some say. some of them still remain at Cathorp. James Ayscough, surgeon and apothecary in my native town Holbech, came from Sustern near Colsterworth, was cozen to Sr. Isaac's mor.. an ingenious man. he usd to take me, when a lad, along with him a simpling in Fleetwoods, wh' gave me an early inclination to the study of physick.

Sr. Michael Newtons family came from the younger branch, & was rais'd by ^marriage with with the coheiress of Hickson; who was very rich. the other sister revivd the luster of the antient family of the Welbys near Grantham; wh is a younger branch to the Welbys of Gedney in Lincolnshire Holland, to wh elder branch I am related.

the country about Colsterworth, where Sr. Isaac Newton was born, I that have seen most part of England, think, to be exceeded by none; for a fine air, & for pleasantness; being most agreably diversify'd with open heaths, rich meadow, & inclosure, woods, & parks: the most beautiful cornfields, springs, brooks, & rivers. underneath tis a white stone rock, fit for building.

this place produc'd the greatest genius of human kind. He was born in the Mannor house, wh was the family estate, where they hold a Court leet, & a Court baron. the old copys, & records of the Court are lost. But it has been in the Newton family, ever since Queen Elizabeths time. We see in the genealogy, John Newton purchasd it; who lived at Westby, & dy'd 1563. the report is, that it was bought of the great Cecil, to whom Q. Elizabeth gave it, or of his son. this, & otherlands hereabouts, fell to the crown; when the Lord Rochford was beheaded by H. VIII. wh Lord is buryed at Stoke Rochford, hard by: which estate is now Mr Turners. a place remarkable for a fine spring. there was a Roman Villa there. I have seen the remains of it, & Roman coyns there found.

this Mannor of Wulsthorp probably belong'd to Ulfus and took its name from him. he was 4th son of k. Harold slain by Wm. Conqr.. his mor. was Agatha sister to Edwin, & Morcar, earls; & sons of Algar, the great Mercian Duke, the remain of the royal blood of the Mercian kings; who sprung from Stamford, & the Marsh country of Holland, whence the name of Mercian, & who had a very great estate in this country.

Earl Morcar own'd Colsterworth, Skillington, Basingham, Stoke beforemention'd, & Strawston, all in this neighbourhood. a wood near Horn Lane retains his name to this day, Morcar's wood; near it Ulfsoaks, corruptly Wulfox.

King Harold, Ulfs father, had likewise a great estate in this country; both Stamford, & Grantham, all that the conqueror gave to his favorite, Robert de Todenei, lord of Belvoir, now the Duke of Rutlands. he ownd Uffington, Talington, Ropesly, Denton, Gretford, Braceborough, Sempringham, XGreetham, Burley on the hill. and many more townships. but Ulf as being a son of Harolds was kept prisoner in Normandy by the conqueror together with all his relations, & Duncan son to the King of Scotland. he thought, they might have some pretence to the crown.

king William Rufus set our Ulf at liberty: being a quiet honest man, he gave him his estate, & honor'd him with knighthood. & here at Wulsthorp in all probability he spent the remainder of his days, in great honor, & contentment. I suppose he like-wise own'd Wulsthorp by Belvoir, & Wulsthorp by Stamford.

Memoirs of Sir Isaac Newton's life - 076.png

The Mannor house of Wulsthorp in the parish of Colsterworth Lincolnshire, where Sr. Isaac Newton was born: being his own estate.

this mannor of Wulsthorp, which was Sr. Isaac's paternal estate, is about £30 p ann. but he had another estate at Sustern adjacent, which came by his mor. The whole is about £80 p ann. & descended to his next heir John Newton, who is deriv'd from his fars. 2d bror.. this idle fellow I knew very well, whilst I lived at Grantham. he soon spent it, by cocking, horseracing, drinking, & folly.

Sr. Isaac was a posthumous, & only child. his mor. was marryed again to a neighboring clergyman, Mr Barnabas Smith, minister of North witham near Colsterworth jan. 27 1645. She had three children by him.