Men of the Time, eleventh edition/Adye, John Miller

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ADYE, Lieutenant-General, Sir John Miller, G.C.B., son of the late Major James P. Adye, R.A., was born on Nov. 1, 1819, at Sevenoaks, Kent, received his education at the Military Academy, Woolwich, entered the Royal Artillery at the close of the year 1836, and, passing through the regular grades, eventually attained the rank of Brigadier-General. Throughout the Crimean War and the Indian Mutiny he was Adjutant-General of the Royal Artillery. He also served in the Sitana Campaign of 1863–4, for which he received a medal; and he has received, besides, the Crimean, Turkish, and Indian Mutiny medals, and the 1th Class of the Medjidie. He was created a C.B. in 1855, and a K.C.B. in 1873. In Feb., 1874. the Queen granted to Sir J. M. Adye her royal licence and authority to accept and wear the insignia of Commander of the Order of the Legion of Honour conferred upon him by the President of the French Republic as a promotion from the class of Officer of the same order which he received for his services during the Crimean War. He was appointed Governor of the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich, in June, 1875, and in December of that year he attained the brevet rank of Major-General. He became a Lieutenant-General in the army in 1879. In 1880 he resigned the post of Governor of the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich, on being appointed Surveyor-General of Ordnance. The following year he became Colonel Commandant of the Royal Artillery. He was Chief of the Staff and second in command of the expeditionary force sent to Egypt in 1882 under the command of Sir Garnet Wolseley, and for his services he received the thanks of Parliament and the Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath. In Dec., 1882, he was appointed Governor of Gibraltar, in succession to Lord Napier of Magdala. Sir John Adye is the author of "The Defence of Cawnpore by the Troops under the Orders of Major-General C. A. Windham in Nov., 1857," Lond., 1858; "A Review of the Crimean War to the Winter of 1854–5," Lond., 1860; "Sitana: a Mountain Campaign on the Borders of Affghanistan in 1863," Lond., 1867; and "The British Army in 1875; a reply to Mr. John Holms," 1876. He married in 1856 Mary Cordelia, eldest daughter of the late Vice-Admiral Sir Montagu Stopford, K.C.B.