Men of the Time, eleventh edition/Stowe, Mrs. Harriet Elizabeth

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STOWE, Mrs. Harriet Elizabeth, daughter of Lyman Beecher, born at Litchfield, Connecticut, June 15, 1811. She was associated with her sister Catharine in the labours of a school at Hartford in 1827, afterwards removed to Walnut Hill, near Cincinnati, and was married in 1832 to the Rev. Calvin E. Stowe, D.D. Mrs. Stowe wrote several tales and sketches, which were afterwards collected under the title of "The May Flower," 1849. In 1850 she contributed to the National Era, an anti-slavery paper published at Washington, "Uncle Tom's Cabin," as a serial. This was published in book-form in 1852, and met with great success; 313,000 copies were sold in the United States within three years and a half, and in all, over half a million copies, including a German edition. In Great Britain its sale was enormous. It has been translated into more than twenty languages, including Welsh, Russian, Armenian, Arabic, Chinese, and Japanese; there were fourteen different German and four different French versions; and it was dramatised in various forms. She subsequently published, "A Peep into Uncle Tom's Cabin for Children," 1853; "A Key to Uncle Tom's Cabin," giving the original facts and statements on which that work was based, 1853; and "The Christian Slave," a drama, founded upon "Uncle Tom's Cabin," 1855. "Uncle Sam's Emancipation " was issued in 1853. She visited Europe in 1853, and in the following year published "Sunny Memories of Foreign Lands." A little work entitled "Geography for My Children" was published in 1855, and the next year appeared her second anti-slavery novel, "Dred: a Tale of the Dismal Swamp," re-published in 1859 under the title of "Nina Gordon." In subsequent works Mrs. Stowe has delineated the domestic life of New England of fifty or a hundred years ago. Her other published works are, "Our Charley, and what to do with Him," 1859; "The Minister's Wooing," 1859; "The Pearl of Orr's Island," 1862; "Agnes of Sorrento," 1863; "Reply on Behalf of the Women of America to the Christian Address of many thousand Women of Great Britain," 1868; "The Ravages of a Carpet," 1864; "House and Home Papers," 1864; "Religious Poems," 1866; "Stories about our Dogs," 1865; "Little Foxes" 1865; "Queer Little People" 1867; "Daisy's First Winter, and other Stories" 1867; "The Chimney Comer" 1868; "Men of Our Times; or, Leading Patriots of the Day" 1868; "Old-town Folks" 1869; "Little Pussy Willow" 1870; "Pink and White Tyranny" 1871; "Sam Lawson's Fireside Stories" 1871; "My Wife and I" 1872; "Palmetto Leaves," 1873; "Bett's Bright Idea, and other Tales," 1875; " We and Our Neighbours," 1875; " Footsteps of Our Master," 1876; "Bible Heroines," 1878; "Poganuc People: their Loves and their Lives" 1878; "A Dog's Mission," 1881. In Sept. 1869, Mrs. Stowe contributed to the ''Atlantic Monthly'' and to ''Macmlllan's Magazine'' an article entitled "The True Story of Lady Byron's Life," in which she accused Lord Byron of incest. This article evoked a storm of literary criticism, which was by no means allayed by the publication in 1870 of her work entitled "Lady Byron Vindicated." Mrs. Stowe's home is in Hartford, Connecticut, but she passes much of her time in Florida, where she has an orange plantation.