Order 27: Establishment of the Facilities Protection Service
COALITION PROVISIONAL AUTHORITY ORDER NUMBER 27
ESTABLISHMENT OF THE FACILITIES PROTECTION SERVICE
Pursuant to my authority as Administrator of the Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA),
under the laws and usages of war, and consistent with relevant U.N. Security Council
resolutions, including Resolution 1483 (2003),
Noting that Resolution 1483 appeals to Member States to assist the people of Iraq in their
efforts to reform their institutions and rebuild their country and to contribute to
conditions of stability and security in Iraq,
Understanding the need to preserve the facilities of the government ministries of Iraq,
Recognizing the need for a body of trained and appropriately equipped personnel that can
contribute to efforts to protect the governmental installations of Iraq,
I hereby promulgate the following:
Establishment of the Facilities Protection Service
This order establishes the Facilities Protection Service (FPS). The FPS is an
organization of trained, armed, uniformed entities charged with providing security
for ministry and governorate offices, government infrastructure, and fixed sites under
the direction and control of governmental ministries and governorate administrations.
Organization of the FPS
1) Governmental employees employed by the ministries or governorates are eligible to
serve in the FPS. The FPS may also consist of employees of private security firms
who are engaged to perform services for the ministries or governorates through
contracts, provided such private security firms and employees are licensed and
authorized by the Ministry of Interior as provided in Section 7 herein. Persons who
have participated in Ba`ath Party activity within the leadership tiers described in CPA
Order Number 1, De-Ba`athification of Iraqi Society (CPA/ORD/16 May 2003/01)
may not serve in the FPS in any capacity except by the express grant of an exception
by the Coalition Provisional Authority.
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2) Ministers and heads of governorate administrations shall determine the need for FPS
members at locations under their supervision. Each ministry or governorate
administration is responsible for ensuring the FPS branch under its supervision is
sufficient to protect key sites for which it is responsible, with the additional support of
police or other forces in times of emergency.
3) Ministries and governorate administrations are responsible for the funding of FPS
members assigned to their agency. Ministries and governorate administrations are
responsible for the supervision and control of the FPS force assigned to their
governmental agency, consistent with the standards and regulations established by the
Ministry of Interior.
4) Governorates will establish Regional Operations Centers to coordinate the operations
of FPS guards and to ensure their proper integration with police and other emergency
5) The Ministry of Interior will establish standards and training for the FPS including
standards and training for private security firms performing FPS duties pursuant to
contracts. Pursuant to this Order, the Ministry of Interior will issue FPS
Administrative Instructions defining the standards for dress, training, certification, and
deportment. All members of the FPS whether contracted or employed directly by the
governmental agency are required to comply with the Administrative Instructions
issued by the Ministry of Interior.
6) FPS organizations may be known by different names including, for example
"Electricity Police," "Diplomatic Protective Services," or "Oil Police" but each will
have only the specific powers and authorities granted in this Order.
7) Members of the FPS may not participate in any manner in organizations or activities
that advocate racial, gender or ethnic hatred or intolerance; advocate, create, or engage
in illegal discrimination based on race, color, gender, religion, or regional origin; or
use, or advocate the use of, force or violence or other unlawful means to achieve
internal political goals. Violations may result in the removal of the member from
employment in the FPS or the withdrawal of the authorization for the member to
perform FPS responsibilities as a member of a private security firm.
Authority of the FPS
1) Members of the FPS may, while performing their official duties, apprehend persons
who (i) they witness committing or attempting to commit a criminal offense, (ii) have
escaped after being lawfully arrested, or (iii) otherwise interfere with their lawful
activities. Persons apprehended by the FPS must be turned over to the Iraqi police or
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Coalition Forces within twelve hours of apprehension or be released.
Members of the FPS may, while performing their official duties, conduct reasonable
searches for weapons or other dangerous or prohibited items of persons entering or
within the governmental property or offices they are securing, criminal suspects in
their custody, or vehicles entering or within the governmental property or offices they
3) Members of the FPS may, while performing official duties, use force against persons
or things as is reasonable and necessary under the circumstances. However, the use of
force that may be likely to cause death or serious bodily injury is not permitted unless
the member reasonably believes that using such force is necessary to: (i) protect
himself or others from the imminent use of deadly force or force likely to cause
serious bodily injury, (ii) prevent the escape of a person suspected of committing
murder or assault resulting in serious bodily injury, or (iii) defend ministry or
governorate offices, government or state-owned infrastructure, and fixed sites under
the direction and control of governmental ministries and governorate administrations,
to prevent their destruction or incapacitation.
1) Members of the FPS will be subject to Iraqi law at all times, and the courts of Iraq
shall have jurisdiction over offenses alleged to have been committed by members of
the FPS. The Administrator of the CPA may determine that offenses alleged to have
been committed by members of the FPS while on duty may be submitted to the
Central Criminal Court of Iraq in accordance with CPA Order Number 13 (Revised),
The Central Criminal Court of Iraq (CPA/ORD/13 July 2003/13).
2) Members of the FPS shall enjoy immunity from civil liability for acts or omissions
arising within the scope of their duties and in the conduct of authorized operations to
the same degree as other governmental officials under the law of Iraq.
The possession of weapons by members of the FPS is regulated by CPA Order Number 3,
Weapons Control Order (CPA/ORD/23 May 2003/03).
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