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Order 35: Re-Establishment of the Council of Judges

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COALITION PROVISIONAL AUTHORITY ORDER NUMBER 35
RE-EST ABLISHMENT OF THE COUNCIL OF JUDGES


Pursuant to my authority as Administrator of the Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA),
and consistent with relevant U.N. Security Council resolutions, including Resolution
1483 (2003), and the laws and usages of war,

Noting that, prior to the changes made by the former regime, Iraq had a functioning

Council of Judges that administered the judicial and prosecutorial systems to insure that
judges and public prosecutors were appointed from among persons enjoying the highest

reputation for fairness and integrity and of recognized competence of law, and that the
judicial system exercised its authority in accordance with the rule of law, and

Recognizing that a key to the establishment of the rule of law is a judicial system staffed
by capable persons and free and independent from outside influences.

I hereby promulgate the following:

Section 1

Purpose

This Order re-establishes the Council of Judges ("the Council"), which is charged with
the supervision of the judicial and prosecutorial systems of Iraq. The Council shall

perform its functions independently of the Ministry of Justice.

Section 2
Membership


1) The following officials shall serve as members of the Council:

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court (President of the Council)

The Deputy Chief Justices of the Supreme Court

Director-General of the State Council Assembly

Director-General, Office of Public Prosecution

Director-General, Legal Supervision Office

Director-General, Administration, if such person is a Judge or Prosecutor

Presidents of the Appellate Courts

CP A/ORD/13 SEP 2003/35



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2) The Council shall also have a Secretary-General, who shall be selected by the
President of the Council. The Secretary-General shall perform administrative
functions for the Council, together with such additional employees as the Council and
the Ministry of Finance may deem appropriate.

3) The President of the Council shall be the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. The
Vice President of the Council shall be selected by the Council from the Deputy Chief
Justices of the Supreme Court.

Section 3
Duties


1) The Council shall have the following specific duties:

a) To provide administrative oversight of all the judges and all public prosecutors,

excluding, however, the members of the Supreme Court.

b) To investigate allegations of professional misconduct and incompetence involving
members of the judiciary or public prosecutors, and, when appropriate, to take
appropriate disciplinary or administrative measures against members of the judiciary
or public prosecutors, including but not limited to, removing a judge or prosecutor
from office, including the members of the Supreme Court.

c) To nominate capable persons as required to fill judicial vacancies or public

prosecutor vacancies, and to recommend their appointment.

d) To promote, advance, upgrade, and transfer judges and prosecutors.

e) To assign or reassign judges and prosecutors to hold specific judicial and
prosecutorial posts as provided for in the Law of Judicial Organization (Law No. 160
(1979)) and the Law of Public Prosecution (Law No. 159(1979)).

2) The Council shall have such other duties as may be determined from time to time by
law.

Section 4
Meetings


1) The Council shall conduct regular meetings at least monthly. The President of the
Council may call special sessions of the Council when needed to conduct necessary
business.

CP A/ORD/13 SEP 2003/35

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2) A quorum shall require at least three-fourths of the membership of the Council and
the presence of either the President or the Vice-President of the Council. Decisions of
the Council will be by majority vote of those members present.

Section 5
Disciplinary and Professional Standards Committee


1) The Council shall appoint a Disciplinary and Professional Standards Committee ("the
Committee") of at least three (3) members from its own membership. The Committee
shall investigate allegations of misconduct and incompetence by members of the
judiciary and public prosecutors, and shall make appropriate decisions concerning
disposition of those allegations, including but not limited to, the removal of that judge
or prosecutor from office if the allegations are substantiated.

2) Any judge or prosecutor adversely affected by a decision of the Committee may
appeal the decision to the Council within thirty (30) days from the date of the decision
of the Committee. The decision of the Council on the appeal shall be final and
conclusive, and no further appeal is authorized.

3) The Director General of Public Prosecutions shall also have the right to appeal any
decision made by the Committee to the Council, within thirty (30) days from the date
of the decision of the Committee.

Section 6
Independence of the Council


1) The Council shall perform its duties and responsibilities independently of any control,
oversight, or supervision by the Ministry of Justice. To the extent that provisions of
Iraqi law, specifically the Law of Judicial Organization (Law No. 160 (1979) and the
Law of Public Prosecution (Law No. 159) (1979» conflict with the provisions of this
Order, those provisions of Iraqi law are suspended.

2) The Council of Judges shall take the place of the Council of Justice that was
previously established by the Judicial Organization Law (Law No. 160) (1979) in so
far as the Council of Justice exercised any authority over any judge or prosecutor. All
administrative oversight of the judges and prosecutors shall now rest only with the
Council of Judges. The Council of Justice shall continue in existence, but shall have no
jurisdiction over any prosecutor or judge.

CP A/ORD/13 SEP 2003/35


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Section 7
Entry into Force

This Order shall enter into force on the date of signature.

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L. aul remer, Administrator
Coalition Provisional Authority
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CP A/ORD/13 SEP 2003/35

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This work is in the public domain in the United States because it is a work of the United States federal government (see 17 U.S.C. 105).