Page:A Brief History of the Indian Peoples.djvu/126

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page needs to be proofread.

122 EARLY MUHAMMADAN CONQUERORS. army, levied an immense booty, and carried it back 700 miles to the seat of his governorship on the banks of the Ganges. He then lufed the Sultan Jalal-ud-dfn, his uncle, to Karra, in order to divide the spoil, and murdered the old man in the act of clasping his hand (1295 a.d.). Reign of Ala-ud-din, 1295-1315. Ala-ud-dfn scattered his spoils in gifts or charity like a devout Musalman, and pro- claimed himself Sultan. The twenty years of his reign estab- lished the Muhammadan sway in Southern India. He recon- quered Gujarat from the Hindus in 1297; captured Rintimbur, after a difficult siege, from the Jaipur Rajputs in 1300; took the fort of Chitor, and partially subjected the Sesodia Rdjputs (1303); and, having thus reduced the Hindus on the north of the Vindhyas, prepared for the conquest of Southern India or the Deccan. But before starting on this great expedition he had to meet five Mughal inroads from Central Asia. In 1295, he defeated a Mughal invasion under the walls of his capital, Delhi; in 1304-5, he encountered four others, sending all his prisoners to Delhi, where the Chiefs were trampled by elephants, and the common soldiery slaughtered in cold blood. He crushed with equal cruelty several rebellions which took place among his own family during the same period — first putting out the eyes of his insurgent nephews, and then beheading them (1299-1300). His Conquest of Southern India. — His affairs in Northern India being thus settled, he undertook the conquest of the south. In 1303, he had sent his eunuch slave, Malik Kafur, with an army, through Bengal, to attack Warangal, the capital of the south-eastern Hindu kingdom of Telingana. In 1306, Kafur marched victoriously through MalwS and Khandesh into the Marathd country, where he captured Deogiri, and persuaded the Hindu king Rim Deo to return with him to do homage at Delhi. Meanwhile the Sultan Ala-ud-din was conquering the Rajputs in Marw&r. His slave general, Kafur, made expeditions through Mah&rashtra and the Karnatik, as far south as Adam's Bridge, at the extremity of India, where he built a mosque. Extent of the Muhammadan Power in India, 1306. — The Muhammadan Sultan of India was no longer merely an