TABLE OF CONTENTS. 13 CHAPTER XI. PAGE The MarathAs ...... 156-163 Rise of the Marathas, and the growth of their power in the Deccan, 156, 157 ; Sivaji's guerilla warfare with Aurangzeb, 157 ; the house • of Sivaji, 158 ; the Peshwas and the Maratha confederacy, 158, 159; the five Maratha houses, viz. the Peshwa, Sindhia, Holkar, the Nag- pur Bhonslas, and the Gaekwar of Baroda, 160-162; the three Maratha wars with the British, 16a, 163; materials for reference, 163. CHAPTER XII. Early European Settlements .... 164-175 Europe and the East before 1500 a. D., 164; Vasco daGama, 164; early Portuguese governors and their oppressions, 165, 166 ; down- fall of the Portuguese power, and extent of its present possessions in India, 166; the Dutch in India, and their supremacy in the Eastern seas, 166-168; early English adventurers (1496-1596), 168, 169 ; English East India Companies, 169, 170 ; first voyages of the English Company, 170; massacre of Amboyna (1623), 170, 171; early English settlements in Madras, 171 ; in Bombay, 171, 172 ; in Bengal, 172; other East India Companies, 173,174; materials for reference 175. CHAPTER XIII. The Foundation of British Rule in India . 176-199 Table of Governors, Governors-General, and Viceroys of India (1758-1892), 176, 177; French and English in the south, 177; state of Southern India after the death of Aurangzeb (1707)) *77> 178; wars in the Karnatik — Dupleix and Clive, 178, 179; battle of Wandiwash, 179; Native rulers of Bengal (i7°7- I 75 f >), 179, 180; capture of Calcutta by the Nawab Siraj-ud-daula, and the ' Black Hole ' tragedy, 180; Clive recaptures Calcutta, 180; his victory at Plassey (1757), 180, 181 ; installation of Mir Jafar, as Nawab of Bengal, 181, 182; Clive's jdgir, 182, 183; Clive, first Governor of Bengal (1758), 183; dethronement of Mir Jafar. and substitution of Mir Kasim as Nawab of Bengal, 184; Mir Kasim's revolt, and the massacre of Patna, 184; reconquest of Bengal, battle of Baxar, 184, 185 ; Clive's second governorship, and the acquisition of the Diwani or financial administration of Bengal by the Company, 185, 186; Clive's reorganization of the Bengal service (1766), 186 ; dual system of administration, 186, 187; Warren Hastings (1772-1785)) his
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