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A Chinese Biographical Dictionary 95


Vice President of the Court of Censors, and in 1882 Minister of the Tsong-li Yarofin. From the latter post he was dismissed in 1884, and a month later he retired into private life.

232 Ch'ên Li A.D. 1252-1333. A native of ^ ^ Hsiu-ning in Anhoi. At three years of age his grand* mother taught him to repeat by heart the Canon of Filial Piety and the Confucian Analects; at five he was reading the Canon and gODeral history; at seven he was qualified to take his chin shifi degree; and at fifteen he was regarded as the greatest literary authority in the Deighi>ourhood. He declined to hold office under the Mongols, and devoted himself to teaching, being known to his disciples as ^^^^^9 fi^om the name he gave to his house. Author of the ^ ^ ^ >§ , an historical work covering the period from Fu Ebi down to the close of the Sung dynasty.

233 Ch'ên Lin 陳琳 2nd cent. A.D. A native of Kuang-ling in Kiangsu. He began life as official secretary to Ho Chin; but subsequently passed into the service of Ts'ao Ts'ao, who had a high opinion of his skill as a dispatch-writer. He was a poet of some distinction, and is ranked among the Seven Scholars of the Chien-an period (see Hsü Kan).

234 Ch'ên Mêng-lei 17th and 18th cent. A.D. A scholar who flourished under the reign of the Emperor K^ang Hsi, and took a leading part in the preparation of the great encyclo- paedia known as the Q ^ ^ Jg^ . No sooner, however, had Yung Chfing acceded to the throne than Ch^^n and his son were banished to the frontier, on the ground that the former had been mixed up in the rebellion of Kdng Ching-cbung in 1674, and that although pardoned by the late Emperor, he had committed further acts of lawlessness and disloyalty. The continuation of the work was thereupon entrusted to Chiang T^ng-hsi.

235 Ch'ên Min-hsiu . 12th cent. A.D. A scholar of the