Page:A Dictionary of Music and Musicians vol 3.djvu/335

From Wikisource
Jump to: navigation, search
This page needs to be proofread.


that he had shown to Beethoven 1 5 years before, making him write to Metastasio's words, and cor- recting the prosody of his music. But there must have been some curious attraction about the old man, to attach two such original geniuses as Beethoven and Schubert to him, and make them willing to style themselves 'scholars of Salieri.' 1 His permanent influence on Schubert may be measured by the fact that he warned him against Goethe and Schiller, a warning which Schubert attended to so far as to compose 67 songs of the one poet, and 54 of the other !

Franz's next effort was an opera a light and absurd supernatural * opdra coniique ' in 3 acts, 'Des Teufels Lustschloss,' words by Kotzebue. He probably began it while at the Convict, the first act having been completed Jan. u, 1814; the second, March 16; and the third, May 15. Two days afterwards he began the mass. That over, he had leisure to look again at the earlier work. The experience gained in writing the mass probably revealed many an imperfection in the opera. He at once rewrote it, and finished the redaction of it on Oct. 22. The work has never been performed, nor can it now ever be so, since the second act, like the MS. of the first volume of Carlyle's French Revolution, was used by an officious maid-servant for lighting the fires as late as 1 848. With all these and other labours he found time to visit the a Convict in the evenings, take part in the practices, and try over his new compositions. Besides the pieces already men- tioned, the productions of 1814 embrace a Salve Regina for tenor and orchestra. Also 2 string- quartets in D and C minor, still in MS., and a third in Bb, published as op. 168, and remarkable for the circumstances of its composition. It was begun as a string trio, and ten lines were written in that form. It was then begun again and finished as a quartet. The movements are more fully dated than usual. 3 Also 5 minuets and 6 Deutsche (or waltzes) for strings and horns ; and 1 7 songs, among them ' Gretchen am Spinnrade ' (Oct. 19), and Schiller's 'Der Taucher,' a com- position of enormous length, begun Sept. 1813, and finished in the following August. On Dec. 10 he began his second symphony, in Bb. 4 The autograph shows that the short Introduction and Allegro vivace were finished by the 26th of the same month, but its completion falls in 1815. Before the year closed he made the acquaint- ance of Mayrhofer, a man of eccentric, almost hypochondriac character, and a poet of grand and gloomy cast, who became his firm friend, and 54 of whose 5 poems (besides the operas of ' Adrast ' and ' Die beiden Freunde von Sala-

1 For Beethoven gee vol. 1. p. 168 a. Schubert so styles himself on

the title-pages of his Fernando' and ' Claudlne von Villabella.'

2 K.H. 18 (1. 19).

s The Allegro has at beginning '5 Sept. 1814,' at end ' den 6 Sept. In 4$ Stunden angefertigt,' apparently Implying that It was dashed off before and after 12 o'clock at night. Andante, at beginning 'den 6 Sept. 1814,' at end ' den 10 Sept. 1814.' Minuet, at end ' 11 Sept. 1814.' Finale, at end ' den 13 Sept. 1814.' Autograph with Splna.

At beginning, 10 Dec. 1814' ; at end of Allegro, '26 Dec. 1814' ; at beginning of Finale, '25 Feb. 1815,' and at end, '24 March 1815.' The movements are Largo and Allegro vivace (B b); Andante (Et>); Minuet and Trio (C minor) ; Finale, Presto vivace (Bb). Played from MS. at the Crystal Palace, Oct. 20, 1877. Autograph with Herr Dumba.

48 published, and 6 in MS,



��manca'), fortunately for Mayrhofer's immortality, he set to music some of them among his very finest songs. The acquaintance began by Schu- bert's setting Mayrhofer's ' Am See.' He com- posed it on the 7th December, and a few days afterwards visited the poet at his lodgings in the Wipplinger Strasse 420 (since destroyed), a small dark room rendered illustrious by being the resi- dence of Theodore Korner, and afterwards of Schubert, who lived there in 1819 and 20. The visit was the beginning of a friendship which ended only with Schubert's death.

1815 is literally crowded with compositions. Two orchestral symphonies of full dimensions, Nos. 2 and 3 (that in Bb ended March 24, that in *D, May 24-July 19); a string quartet in G minor (March 25-April i) ; PF. sonatas in C, F, E (Feb. ii) and E (Feb. 18) ; an adagio in G (April 8), 12 Wiener Deutsche, 8 Ecossaises (Oct. 3), and 10 variations for PF. solo; a masses, in G 7 (Mar. 2-7) and Bb (Nov. H-); a new ' Dona ' 8 for the mass in F ; a Stabat Mater in G minor (April 4) ; a Salve Regina (July 5); 5 large dramatic pieces 'Der vier- jahrige Posten, i-act operetta ( ended May 16); 'Fernando,' i -act Singspiel( July 3-9); 'Claudine von Villabella,' 3-act Singspiel (Act i, July 26- Aug. 5), originally composed complete, but Acts 2 and 3 perished in the same manner as the 'Teufels Lustschloss'; 'Die beiden Freunde von Salamanca,' a 2-act Singspiel by Mayrhofer (Nov. i8-Dec. 31); 'Der Spiegelritter,' 3-act opera, of which 8 numbers are with the Gesell- schaft der Musikfreunde at Vienna ; perhaps also a Singspiel called Die ' Minnesanger,' and 'Adrast/ an opera by Mayrhofer, of which but two numbers exist. 9 In addition to all these there are no less than 137 songs 67 printed, and 70 still in MS. In August alone there are 29, of which 8 are dated the 15th, and 7 the 19th! And of these 137 songs some are of such enor- mous length as would seem to have prevented their publication. 'Minona' (MS., Feb. 8), the first one of the year, contains 16, and 'Adelwold and Emma ' (MS., June 5) no less than 55 closely written sides. Of those published, 'Die Biirg- schaft' ('Aug. 1815') fills 22 pages of Litolft's edition, 'Elysium* 13, and ' Loda's Gespenst ' 15 of the same. It was the length of such compo- sitions as these 'pas une histoire, mais des histoires' that caused Beethoven's exclamation on his deathbed : Such long poems, many of them containing ten others/ by which he meant as long as ten. [See p. 346 &.] And this mass of music was produced in the mere intervals of his

It Is in the usual number of movements : Adagio maestoso and Allegro con brio (D) ; Allegretto (G) ; Minuet and Trio (D) ; Finale. Presto vivace (D). Dates :- Allegro, at beginning, '24 May 1815'; end, 'July 12, 1815.' Allegretto, at beginning. ' July 15, 1815.' End of Finale, ' July 19, 1816," Autograph with Herr Dumba.

7 Published by M. Berra, of Prague, in 1846, as the composition of B. Ftthrer. [See vol. i. 6666.] The fraud was not exposed till 1847. when it was announced by Ferd. Schubert in the Allg. Wiener Musik- zeltung of Dec. 14. Ferdinand mentions this mass in his list under 1815. A copy, evidently copied closely from the autograph, but with the addition of oboes (or clarinets) and bassoons by Ferd. Schubert (July 23. 1847), Is In the Library of the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde.

8 Mentioned by Ferdinand. 139 a.

Autographs of Fernando, Teufels Lustschloss, and Adrast, an with Herr Dumba.


�� �