��This popular song, composed to worcls by a certain Adolphe Blanc, was sung by Chollet at the Thdatre des Nouveautds (Place de la Bourse), where Vogel produced in the follow- lowing year his first comic opera, 'Le Podestat,' which was moderately successful, and subse- quently his grand oratorio, ' Le Jugement dernier,' represented with costumes and scenery. ' La Siege de Leyde,' a grand opera played at the Hague in 1847, 'La Moissonneuse,' another work of large extent, produced at the Lyrique in 1853, an operetta in three acts, 'La Filleule du Roi,' played in Brussels and afterwards in Paris, in 1875, numerous songs which have been popular in their day, several symphonies, quar- tets and quintets for strings, which gained the Prix Tre'mont at the Acade'inie des Beaux- Arts, complete the list of this composer's chief works. He has always striven to attain a success equal to that which distinguished the opening of his career, nor does he yet despair of doing so, as he is now working upon a new opera, in spite of his eighty- three years. [A.J.]
TROMBONE. At end of article, omit the words after Symphony in C ; as the passage in the 'Manfred' overture of Schumann is for trumpets, not trombones.
TROUBADOUR, THE. Grand opera in four acts ; the words by Francis Hueffer, the music by A. C. Mackenzie. Produced by the Carl Rosa Company, at Drury Lane, June 8, 1886. [M.]
TRUMPET. Add the following supplement- ary notice :
It is well known that the trumpet parts in the works of Bach and Handel are written very high and floridly ; so high that they cannot be performed on the modern slide- trumpet. Praetorius (1618) gives for the trumpet in D, the higher range that should be produced (a), that is to say from the 1 7th to the 2 ist proper tones of the instrument. All these notes are be- yond the highest limits of the modern trumpet. [See vol. iv. p. 181.] Bach wrote up to the 2Oth of these partial tones, and in his scores, as well as Handel's (see the Dettingen Te Deum), the parts for the trumpets are divided into Principal, an instrument resembling the modern trumpet, and Clarini, which were probably of smaller bore. The istclarino began at the 8th proper tone (6), and ascended to the extreme limit of its compass (c). The 2nd clarino, beginning at the 6th (d\ very rarely went beyond the I2th (e). Each
��required a special trumpeter, who had probably a particular mouthpiece. The clarini had dis- appeared before the time of Mozart, who had to change Handel's trumpet parts to suit the per- formance of the contemporary trumpeters.
It was the merit of Herr Kosleck of Berlin to introduce a high trumpet specially to perform
Bach's trumpet parts in their integrity in the B minor Mass, which was produced under Joachim's direction at Eisenach on the occasion of the un- veiling of the statue of J. S. Bach in Septem- ber 1884. A performance of the same work, in which Herr Kosleck again took part, was given by the Bach Choir in the Albert Hall, London, March ai, 1885. His trumpet is not bent back but straight, and is corrected by two pistons for the nth and I3th proper tones, which are natuially out of tune for our Diatonic scale. It is an A trumpet with post-horn bore and bell. Herr Kosleck's trumpet has been since improved by Mr. Walter Morrow, a well-known English trumpeter, who has altered the bore and bell to that of the real trumpet. Mr. Morrow's trumpet, which, like Herr Kosleck's, is straight and has two pistons, measures in length 58^ inches. It is also an A trumpet. With it he can reach the 20th, and at French pitch the 2ist proper tone. The sacrifices, involving loss of engagements, to which Mr. Morrow has submitted in order to gain a command of the Bach trumpet, should not be passed over without a recognition of the art- istic devotion which has impelled him to adopt and improve Heir Kosleck's invention. [A. J.H.] TSCHAIKOWSKY. P. 183 5, to list of works add:
Op. 58. Symphony, 'Nach Byron's | Op. 64. Symphony, No. 6,
��Operas and Ballets: (The
62. Pezzo caprlccloso forj Works without opus number : vcello. and orchestra. |Dle Tochter des Hauptmann.
Add that the composer visited England in 1888 and 1889, and appeared at the Philharmonic Concerts of both seasons.
TUCKERMAN, S. P., Mus.D. Line 2, for Feb. 17 read Feb. II. Add that he succeeded Dr. Hodges as Organist of Trinity Church, New York.
TUDWAY, T., Mus.D. Line 25 of article, add that the records of Pembroke College, Cam- bridge, state that Dr. Tudway was ' proved guilty of speaking words highly reflecting upon Her Majesty and her administration.*
TUNSTED, SIMON, the reputed author of the treatise 'De Quatuor Principalibus Musice,' though himself born at Norwich, derived his surname from Tunstead in Norfolk, of which place his father was a native. He became one of the Fratres Minores of the Order of St. Fran- cis at Oxford, and it was there that he is said to have taken the degree of Doctor of Theology. He appears to have been well versed in all the seven liberal arts, but, like Walter Odington, especially in music and astronomy. The only lite- rary works attributed to Tunsted, besides that above referred to, are a commentary on the ' Meteora ' of Aristotle and additions to Richard Wallingford's ' Albion ' ; but the work by which his name has been, rightly or wrongly, handed down to posterity is the musical one. Of this there are two MSS. in the Bodleian Library, numbered Bodley 515 and Digby 90. Owing to the former MS. being described in the old