Page:A Hebrew and English Lexicon (Brown-Driver-Briggs).djvu/278

From Wikisource
Jump to: navigation, search
This page needs to be proofread.


254 of the action, receives its closer definition in the second : in such cases, the first may often be represented in Engl, by an adv., as Gn 26 18 19rM 3B»>1 and he turned and dug cs and he dug again; so oft.; and similarly with I'pin Gn 25 1 , "VI? 24 ">, ^Xin Jos f, etc.; more exceptionally, Gn 30 s7 Est 8 6 , and (not consec.) Gn 47 6 Jb 23 s Ct 2 s La 3 M (v. Ges* 120 - 2 "; cf. in Syr. Nii ,DM . In Arab, the stronger form of the ccnj. i_» here corresponds: W"" 40 ). (6) "1 with the impf. sts. expresses a contrast = and yet, Gn 32 31 I have seen God face to face ?3991 and yet my soul is delivered, Dt 4 s5 2 S 3 8 19 s9 Is 5i ,s ^ 73 14 144 3 Jb io 8 + (cf. Dr ,7 **). (c) there is a tendency in the later books of the OT to use the pf. with simple 1, where the classical language would employ the impf. with - 1 (cf. supr. 1); so esp. in Ec, where • occurs thrice ouly, i 17 4 17 . (d) a double pf. with 1 consec. is sts. used, informally but neatly, with a hypoth. force ; thus («) in past or present time Exi6 21 • D1 -^} W?$? &r) and the sun uEed to be warm, and it used to melt = and if (or when) the sun was warm, it melted, 33'° 1 K 18 10 Jei8 48 -nonai 3B»i — and if it turns, I repent, 20 9 (v. EV) ; (&) in fut. time, Gn44 ffl noi TOK 3TJI1 and he will leave his father, and he will die = and if he leaves his father, he will die, 33 13 42 s9 Ex 4 14 i2 13 1 S 16 2 19 3 Ez 33 3 39 15 etc. (Dr ' 147 - Ges t 1W. S e . With a voluntative (cohort, or juss.) ) expresses an intention, that or so that (an elegancy by which the too frequent use of jypp or "A3S>3 is avoided) : Ex io' 7 entreat God, "<p*l so may he remove (=that he may remove) this death, Gn 2? 4 ar.d bring it me y?-^) 80 ? et me ea * (=<Aa< I '" na y e »t); and without the modal form being externally indicated, Ex 14 1 speak . . . "fflW that they return, v 15 ; and oft. Sts. even of past time, as

K 1 3 s3 whom he would, he consecrated fp] 

that there might be priests of the high places,

K 19 26 Is 25" La I™. After a neg., ^ 51 18 

thou desirest not sacrifice, njRNl so [=in that case] would J give it (or, that I might give it), 55 13 N^*?1 so could I bear it (or, that I might bear it),' Is 53 s RVm Nu 2 3 ' 9 Je 5 s8 EV. Sts. also before an imv., Gn 12 2 and be (=that thou mayest be) a blessing, 2S2i 3 +. See more fully Dr tMWB , Ges* 108 - 5 ' m ■*> m (In Arabic >_i with the subjunctive is used simi- larly : W "-"".) A volunt. is also sts. attached by ) to a preceding volunt. or imv., so as to form a virtually hypothetical sentence, as Gn 4 2 18 Vm toy. nkt = ,/ you do this, you shall live, 30 s8 34 1 ' 2 Pr 3"- 4 4 - 8 Is 55 s : v. Dr » 1S2 . . It expresses often an informal infer- ence, or consequence, so, then, esp. at the beginning of a speech: Gn2 7 8 jr 2 10 and often ilPljn now, therefore; HQ?1 and JJI'TO} why, then? Gn 29 s5 Nu 12 8 i6 3 +; Ex 2 20 H) where, then, is he? Gn 34 21 1 S 15 14 26 s2 I33q let, tlien, . . . come over, 2 S 2 4 3 2 K 4 41 ni?j? inp} then bring meal, Ez 18 32 . So the ) consec. and the pf., as Dt 2 4 B$jgft take heed, therefore,

1S f ?V*P- know > therefore, 30 19 1 S 6 5 1 K 2 6 

RU3 9 ; Josi5 19 Is49 6b (Dr* I19 ' ! ). . 1 introduces the predicate or apodosis: viz. a. ) consec. and the pf. — in answer to DK or '3 constantly, as Ex 19 5 23 s2 if thou heaikenest to my voice, , R3!5$1 then am I ( = 1 will be) enemy to thy enemies (v. Dr s 1S6_8 ); after the casus pendens, Ex 1 2 4 " 1 every servant that is bought for money, nriijpi thou shalt circumcise him, etc. Nu 14 31 24 s4 1 S 25 s7 2S 14 10 he that spake unto thee, ^>N VlK3m so hast thou brought him (=thou shalt bring him) unto me, Is 9 4 56"-+; Ex 12 15 31 14 Dti7 12 + ; after various time-determinations, as Gn 3 5 in the day of your eating from it inpDJI then shall your eyes be opened, Ex 1 6 6 Dfjyn 3Ty at even, then shall ye know, v 7 32 s4 2 S 15 10 i'K 13 31 "Tlk DJTOpi ^ntoa when I die, so ye shall bury me, etc., -f- oft.; after conjs., as '? Gn2 9 15 , |5?! 1 K 20 28 Is 3 16f -, nnn 60 15 , etc., (v. Dr' 123 ). b. -1 consec. and the impf. (but much less frequently than the pf.), as Gn 30 30 the little that thou hadst, ps'l it hath in- creased, Ex9 21 2 S 4 10 1 K 9 20 ' i5 13 + ; after time-determinations, Gn 2 2 4 on the third day KfjfJ} then Abraham lifted up his eyes, 19'* 27 s4 37 18 1 S 6 6 12 8 Is 6 1 Ho 11 1 when Isr. was a child, VQl]K} then I loved him, + ; occas. after conjs., as "18*8? Ex 16 34 , T. 1 S 15 23 , fypi> Is 4 5 4 , at f ^59 16 (Dr H27 ). c. in other cases (not ' consecutive ') — all more or less uncommon : viz. a. ) closely joined to the impf. Gn 13 9 if to the' left, WD'NI then I will take the right (cf. 2 S 12 8 ) Ex 12 3 on the 10th of the month W^J) then let them take, Nu 16 6 IS43 4 H <> 4 6 io 10 V6 9 s3 Jbi5 17 ; 2S22 41 Pr2 3 24 Kt(Dr f125 ); 0. separated fr. the vb., Ex S 22 Lv7 lfi rnrop* - , ?8.' 1 . "V^ 3 01 and on the morrow, then the remainder shall be eaten, Jos 3 1 iK 8 32 Is 8 7