Page:A Hebrew and English Lexicon (Brown-Driver-Briggs).djvu/83

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"OH 59 Ur, «:)Gn 6" 9 913 + oft. Following a ptcp. as its subj. (to express mostly either a true present or the fut. instans) Gn 18 17 'JN '" 1 i ) ?'?n Am I hiding from Abraham that which, etc., Ju 1 5 3 i S 3 ' 3 Je i ' 2 38 14 44 » (v. Dr » 135 - 4 ). Appended to a verb, it expresses, in early Hebrew, a real emphasis, as Ju 8 23 D?3 'JN ^BnpK s6 7 will not rule over you, 2 S 1 2 s8 lest I take the city, 2 S 1 7 1S thus and thus did Ahitophel counsel, and thus and thus »3N VtyJ£ did I counsel ; but in later Heb. it is sometimes pleonastic, Ec 2 n-i5.i8-2o + j n reg p 0nse to a q uest i on > 'jx a i one — I am, It is I, Gn2f* Ju 13" 1 Ki8 8 +. With n, 'JNri fls 66 9 . (Syn. ^JN, q.v.) "HJK pron. 1 pi. comm. we (common in postB. Heb.; cf. also Amh. end) may be re- garded as the pi. of VN (W 80 M ), only Je 4 2 6 Kt, for which Qr substitutes the normal 13n:x.

  • DJK, "OJN (once Jb 33 9 *3ij$) pron. 1 s.

comm. I; Gn 3 10 7 4 15 12 i6 5 + oft. With £J, '3lxn fNu 1 1 12 Jb 2 1 4 . (As. andku, Ph. & Moab. "JJX : not in Ar. Aram. Eth.; but ku appears as the affix of the 1 s. in the Eth. verb (e.g. waladku = Heb. V&). *?*? and V« appear to be two parallel formations (both containing the element ani [cf. the sf. 'j -, '>] or ana, & one strengthened by the addition of the demonst. basis ku [prob. akin to o, N3, H3 here] : cf. Sta" 79 W 809 " 98 - 1 " 1 ), of which, in most of the Sem. languages, one prevailed to the exclusion of the other, but which in Heb. maintained their place side by side.) In some cases 'JX and '3JX appear capable of being used indiffer- ently; in others the choice seems to have been determined, partly by rhythmical considera- tions, partly by a growing preference for ^N. among later writers. Thus when appended to the verb for emph. (whether with or without D?) the lighter form , ?N is nearly always used (Lv20 5 26 s4 - 32 Dti2 30 'jui 3 8 a 2S12 28 17 16 18 222 Je 17 18 21 5 Ez 17 22 Jb i 3 2 + ; cf. the cases Gn27 M 1 S25 24 2S19 1 iKi 26 Pr2 3 15 ); on the contrary, in the emph. rhetorical style of Dt, ,=3 ? is preferred (in the discourses, uniformly, exc. 1 2 30 , in ace. with usage just noted, & 29 s in a standing expression ; on 32 4851 (P) cf. infr.) In partic. phrases, also, usage prefers sts. 'JN, sts. '3JX; thus there occurs ^*"1J Nu I4 2 ' & always, exc. Dt 32 40 ; ($*) *% ^N (Je i 919 30" 46 18 Is 4 3 2 - 5 ); mW '?* Ex 6 2 -" & elsewh. in P, & esp. freq. in H (Lv 1 8 2 - 4 - 6 etc.) & Ez, also Gn

7 28 13 Dt 29 s Ju 6'°+; (ruff 'jjjx much less 

freq.; only JE & proph. writers, tEx20 2 =Dt 5', Ho 12 10 13 4 ^81", Ex 20' = Dt5 9 , I843" 44" 5i 15 (Ex4 ,l isdiff.); cf. Dr"" 1 "'- 22 "); >nW)K Is 38' (Hez.) 4 9 4 Je 5 4 io 19 ( 3 ,9 ';jjk) Iiu4 4 f- 3 tf 3 1 23 4 1 5 82 6 + ; 'JX Wl (in response to a qu.) Gn 2 7 24 Ju 13" 2 S 20 17 1 K 13 14 18 9 (vjjn '■>) only 2 S 2 20 ; on the contrary, with a jrrtdicatt,

  • ?&$ is regularly employed, Gn 24" 1 S 30"

2 S i 8 »3lK •'pboy tl * 20 17 Is 6' Je i« Jon 1') • Cm) "W >9$ Gn 6 17 9 9 Ex 3 i« Nu 3 > 2 + (but •ojx nm Gn24' 443 2 5 32 Ex 3 13 i 9 9 + ; 'jx run is very uncommon ; v. 16. 226 ). So far as the usage of partic. books is concerned, in the Pent, (exc. Dt) "i« is used in P (incl. H) always (about 130 t.) exc. Gn 2 3 4 (cf. Ez below); in JE '3JX is preferred, though not exclusively (81 : 48). In S there are 50 instances of each form. Je has some 54 instances of 'JN, 37 of '3jx. In later books the preponderance of ^X. is evident. Thus in Ez 'jx occurs 138 t., '3JX once 36 s8 (perh. a reminiscence of Je n 4b 24 7 30 22 ); in LaHgEzr Est Ec 'JX 45 t., '3JX never; in Ch 'JN 30 t., '3JN once 1 Ch 17 1 (from 2 S 7 2 ); in Dn 'JN 23 t., '3JN once 10". Vid. more fully Giesebrecht at '» m * Dr 10 - 222 - 7 . ^PTJN?, ^Jn^K pron. 1 pi. comm. we (the pi . corresp. to 'Six , as «S « to ^N ; v. W 80 . * 10 °; Ph. jnjX CIS 131617 , Aram. *$&$, $ also Njnj' Syr. ^jujV, <i~, tf&, 1fhi) Gn 13 8 29 4 37' 42" 13 Nu 9 7 Dt! 28 - 41 Jo 2 1718 , etc. Like WL following a ptcp. as its subj. Gn 19 13 Nu io 29 Ju 19 18 2 K 18 26 ; appended to a vb. for emph. JU9 28 2Kl0 4 IS20 6 . Tl^ni , ^2T pron. 1 pi. we (abbrev. from ttjffl! ; cf.the forms 'j£, "irhk NJnj, just cited; also As. n'tni) G1142" Ex i6 7 - 9 N1132 32 La 3 42 . (In 2 S 17 12 «ru i s 1 pi. perf. Qal from TO.) TT|2^ n.[m.] plummet (cf. words in cogn. lang. for lead, tin, etym. dub., perh. foreign; Ar. dlST (v. Fra 153 ) Syr. AjI", Mand. X3JX, As. andku Lyon s " ,r,> ° ,e,te92 ; v. Lag Arm - 8,l " i » 10 'cf. Id. BS17S ) — TJ J « exc. once Am 7" — 2>lummet Am f**; 'X Dcrtn, i.e. a vertical wall v 7 . "ODN pron. 1 sg. v. supr. sub ^X. ■jTJJ^I vb. only Hithpo. complain, mur- mur (Mish. |JX, Aram. J?$, Ar. ,!,!, As. [an&nu, whence enenu, unninu, sigh Zim Br22 ) — Impf. SfcTr> La f (sq. ^S in || member); Pt. D'JJXnc "> 'Jixa Nu n 1 (sq. ace; vid. Di).