Page:A Hebrew and English Lexicon (Brown-Driver-Briggs).djvu/842

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rus

HDD

Ch i is . (b) of taking, etc., from before a per- 

son, Gn 23 4 to bury my dead from before me, v s EX36 3 Dt iv 18 'fe> nstn minn njfte "6 anai D'jnan/roni (the copy) fie/or* the priests, 28 s ' -pD^>0 !"1T3. (c) with t?p3 Est 4 8 [cf.D"JP T: ll?Dn 2 18 ] ; and to express the idea of proceeding from a person, Est 1" [cf. Dn a*], Ec io 5 ; 1 Ch 29 12 yssbo lusni -fyn ( c f. Acts 3"); fif yuba •"BBITO K3P . (</) of cutting off , et c. , /ro?n. before '■» (cf. 'jsi) a b, c), Lv2 2 3 1 K 8" &« $ rn.3n6 ^sk), Je3i M 33 18 Is 48": f 51" "^frr^ TJBJH? (cf. 8 a); Je i6 17, :?k> TWO? &, 18 23 Ne 3 37 . («) of expelling from before an invader, Ex 2 3 s8 D 1 9 4 1 1 23 3 1 3 + (but much less common than *J«?). tb. (Chiefly late) to express the source or cause, with the force of the ? weakened, in cases where the earlier language would have used VIED : with vbs. of fearing, i S 18' 2 Ec 3 14 8 1213 ; iCh 16 30 VJBk) fyn [||V, 9 6 9 VJB»],^i 14 77 ; Est 7 6 ; 2 Ch 32 7 (-r^BO); failing, etc., Is 57" ^gf; being humbled, 1 K 21 29 ( + ^BD), 2 Ch 32 1223 34 s7 [|| 2 K 22" ^BO], 36 12 ; crying for help 1 S 8 18 [cf.^BD Ex 3 7 j, singing 1 Ch 16 33 [Wfge 13 >:sb], fleeing 19 18 [H2S10 18 V.E»]. tc. of time, once,= , ?.? ) ?Eci u '. — With the later usages of 'bo, cf. D 1 ]^ IP in BAram. and X (Dr Bmln-lnMulllW v a l g0 Ko 11, 320 . . 'P.?*? from the face or presence of, from before, Ex 14 19 Dn'JEO >«" liny VB?1* removed /roni before them, Is 30" Hon 2 ; so a. (oft. with suggestion of causation (v. P? 2 d, e, f ), because of, for fear of [so AV RV Ju 9 21 1 S 2 1 " 23 26 Je35""37 n 4i 9 5o' 6 ]) after vbs. of hiding Gn 3 8 4 14 Is 2 10 (cf. v 19 - 21 ) ; and esp. of escaping, Ju 9 21 (Thes ' bene 93 ob metum A.'), 1 S 18" 1 9 10 2 3 26 , or fleeing, Ex 4 3 1 4 2S 1 S 1 7 24 + oft. (v. rna and DU), and expelling, destroying, etc. Ex 2 3 :, ° TJ E >? Whi* I will expel them from before thee, 34 1 '" 4 T3BO ^Si B'niS (v. B^Wl), Lv 18 24 Dt 8 20 Am 2 9 ^ 89 s4 + oft. (as though clearing the way for Israel, for Israel's sake : cf. Is 63 12 DrTJEO D ypi3, J os 2'° 4 s3 ). Pregn. Is 17 9 '-W> 'vn »JBD 13tV IPX . . . rmp which they forsook (fleeing) from before, etc. b. implying causation more distinctly, ■<//• 9* "pSD H3N' perish from before thee or a< thy presence, Dt 7 20 : very oft. with vbs. of fearing, as 1U, "0», iri, Kl», pv, ins, pp Ex 9 30 Nu 22 33 Dt i 17 Je 5 s2 etc. (mostly when the object inspiring fear is a person : when it is a thing, p? alone is pre- ferred ; but see Dt5 5 9 ,!1 ); of being alarmed or dismayed Gn 45 3 Jos 2 9 Je i 17 Jb 23", etc.; of humbling oneself Ex io 3 Jun 33 -)-; with other words, to indicate the external ground of an action or effect, as "^JED Dn be silent at (i.e. because of) his presence Zp I 7 Hb 2 20 ; Ju 5 5 the mts. flowed '» '3BD at the presence of Is 63 19 Je 4 2C Na i 5 ,^68 3 as wax melteth K'X ^SD ; Dt20 19 ; ISI9 1 ; 26 17 "PBD U*h |3 so were we through thy presence (more than *pjB7, — implying that their state was due to ); ^BO Dip to rise up at the presence of Gn 31 35 Lv 19 32 . (N.B. In a, b, freq. rendered before in AV RV, and so confused with KQ7 ; but the Q retains always its full force in the Heb.) c. of the cause, whether nearer or more remote : (a) Gn 6 13 DiTJEt? Don pan nsf)D because of them (i.e. occasioned by them), 2 7 4 1 loathe my life because of the daughters of Heth, 36 7 the land could not support them because of their cattle, 41 31 47 13 Ex 3' their cry by reason of their task- masters, 8 20 3nyn <jed pxn rints'n, 9 » j os 2" 23 s Ju 2 M 6 s I K 5 17 8"+oft.; Is io 27 (RVm), Jei5 17 f 3 8 46 , etc.; Je 4* + ED^yo yi »JBD by reason of the evil of your doings, 7 12 g 6 13 17 14 16 23 9 + oft. (b) stating the reason for which a thing is not done (Lat. prae), 1 K 8 11 Jb 37 19 . +(c) with "IB>K as a conj., twice, because that, Ex 19 18 Je 44K— Nu 33 8 v. irvnn B. 7. 7S"^y (cf. Ph. jb 5f, je nby, Lzb 352 ) has different meanings according to the different senses of the noun and the prep.: — a. From the sense of face or front : (a) in front of (more definite and distinct than ^B^) : ^ 18 43 as dust before the wind (cf. »J6^ 35 s 83 14 + ), Gn 32 s2 the present passed on VJB"by in front of him, Ex 33 19 -pB _l ?y »3ttS"^3 T3VN, 2 S is 1823 (read WB-'ty : v. Dr), Jb 4 15 ; =in the sigU of, Lv 1 o 3 133S Dyn bi VSrbw , Je 6 7 'JET^y rraoi $n "ron, i 3 *> ( c f. Na 3'), -f 9 20 d*w iobb* f3tf7S before thee : defiantly, Jb i" ~by nS>"DK ??13: "I' 30 W '^ renounce thee to thy face, 6 28 30X DK Daya-^jn, :i 31 ; to die in the presence of any one (=in his lifetime) tGnn 28 Nu 3 4 . (b) before, to the exclusion of another, i.e. in preference to, Dt 2 1 16 , and perh. (Ew ,a,! ) Ex 20 3 (Dt 5 7 ) ^JB-^y BnriN EW1^« T*; ff,T Ni> (Thes al. asc). (c) in addition to, Jb 16" pB -, JB-by pa , ???"!?^. (d) of localities, in front of, mostly (but not always: v.GFM ,u -' , - 35 ')=ea*< of 1 K6 3 the porch in front of etc., v 3 7 6 8 8 2Cli3 17 Ez42 9 ; Gn 16 12 p& mx-b w£» (cf. 25 18b ), perh. (Di al.) with collateral idea of defiance; &OOD 'B"Py 23" (5o 13 ), Ex 16 14 ; oft. in , . . »ja-«jy T^H Gn 2 5 9 (49 30 ), D ,_ tVO v 18 *(Jos 13 3 1 S 15 7 ), Nu2i" 3.V', lfTV Dt 3 2 49 ( 3 4'), Jos i 3 3 - 23 i5 8 ( I 8' 6 ), 17 7 18 14 19" Ju 16 3 1 8 2 4 3 (prob.), 26 13 2 S 2 24 1 K