Page:A History of Horncastle from the Earliest Period to the Present Time.djvu/31

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fee.[1] He was succeeded by his grandson and heir, Gerard de Rhodes,[2] whose son, Ralph de Rhodes, sold it to Walter Mauclerk,[3] Bishop of Carlisle, and Treasurer of the Exchequer under Henry III. In the reign of Richard II. Roger la Scrope and Margaret his wife, with Robert Tibetot and son, his wife, as descendants of Gerbald de Escald,[4] put in a claim for the manor and obtained letters patent, by which the episcopal possessor was bound to do them homage, but this was only for a brief period, and they then disappear from the scene.

The manor remained a possession of the bishops of Carlisle until the reign of Edward VI., when, by licence of the King, it was sold by Bishop Aldrich in 1547 to Edward, Lord Clinton.[5] In the reign of Mary he was compelled to re-convey it to the see of Carlisle.[6] Queen Elizabeth took a lease of it under the then possessing bishop, in which she was succeeded by James I. He assigned it to Sir Edward Clinton, knt., but through neglect of enrolment this became void.[7] In the reign of Charles II. the former charters were renewed,[8] and the bishops of Carlisle remained lords of the manor until 1856, when it was transferred, with the patronage of some of the benefices within the soke, to the Bishop of Lincoln. Thus from the reign of Edward the Confessor to that of Charles II., a period of about 600 years, broken by brief intervals of alienation, Horncastle was connected with royalty.

The lease of the manor was held, under the bishops of Carlisle by Sir Joseph Banks and his ancestors for nearly a century, the lease of Sir Joseph himself being dated 21 March, 1803, and renewed 1 June, 1811. He died in 1820 and was succeeded by his relative the Honble. James Hamilton Stanhope and, three years later, by James Banks Stanhope, Esq., then a minor, who, at a later period (in 1885) transferred all his rights to his cousin, the late Right Honble. Edward Stanhope, whose widow became lady of the manor and at whose death, in 1907, the lordship reverted to the Honble. Richard Stanhope, son of the present Earl Stanhope. Mr. Banks Stanhope died January 18th, 1904, aged 82, having been a generous benefactor to Horncastle and the neighbourhood.

We have here given a very condensed account of the ownership of this manor from the reign of Edward the Confessor to the present time, a period of nearly 840 years. Having had access to the episcopal archives of Carlisle, so long connected with Horncastle, we are able to confirm several of the above details from documents still existing, which we now proceed to do.

It has been stated that the manor of Horncastle was conferred upon Queen Editha by her husband, Edward the Confessor. In confirmation of this we find the following: In the reign of Charles I. the Vicar of Horncastle, Thomas Gibson, presented a petition claiming tithe for certain mills called "Hall Mills," with a close adjoining called "Mill Holmes," as belonging to the glebe. The tenant, William Davidson, resisted, arguing that he had paid no tithes to the previous vicar, Robert Holingshed, that the mills were erected

  1. Hundred Rolls, Lincoln, No. 14, m. 1.
  2. Hundred Rolls, Lincoln, No 14, m. 1, 3 Edward I, 1274-5.
  3. This sale was confirmed by the King, as shewn by a Charter Roll, 14 Henry III., pt. i, m. 12
  4. Patent Roll, 14 Richard II., pt. i, m. 3. A.D. 1390.
  5. Patent Roll, 6 Edward VI., pt. iii, m. 1.
  6. Patent Roll, 1 Mary, pt. 8, m 2, (44) 28 Nov., 1553.
  7. Memoirs of Sir Henry Fynes Clinton. Annual Register, 1772, p. 2.
  8. Coram Rege Roll, Portsmouth, April 20, 14 Chas. II.