Page:A History of Horncastle from the Earliest Period to the Present Time.djvu/47

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and appurtenances, in Horncastle and its soke, from John Hodgisson and his wife, John Cracroft, Gervase Clifton (of Clifton) and others. This family probably acquired their name thus: William the Conqueror brought to England from Normandy a body of troops called the "Angevine auxiliaries" (from the province of Anjou), and their descendants were granted lands in various parts of the kingdom. One family especially seems to have adopted this name, which was variously spelt as Angevine, Aungelyne, Aungeby, &c.; they settled in various parts of this county at an early period, and Horncastle being a royal manor they naturally were located in this neighbourhood. We find traces of them at Whaplode in the south, Saltfleetby in the north, and Theddlethorpe midway, in the 12th and 14th centuries.[1] Among Lincoln records is the will of Robert Angevin, Gent.,[2] of Langton by Horncastle, dated 25 April, 1545, in which he requests to be buried in the Church of St. Margaret (then a much larger edifice than the present); he leaves to his son land in Hameringham, and to his widow, for life, and his four daughters, lands in Burnsall, Hebden, Conyseat and Norton, in the County of York. His brother, John Angevin, resided at West Ashby, then a hamlet of Horncastle. William Angevin, Gent., of Theddlethorpe[3] is named in the official list of Lincolnshire freeholders made in 1561, and the name also appears in the Visitation of 1562, but all traces of the family disappear before the time of the commonwealth.

The same Carlisle document[4] mentions Thomas Fitz-William as concerned in the said dispute, as being a Horncastle proprietor; while, further, another Carlisle document of the time of Henry VIII., shows that Thomas Fitz-William, Esq., was seized of one capital messuage, 6 other messuages, 4 tofts and 100 acres of land in Horncastle, held of the Prior of Carlisle, and John Fitz-William was his heir.[5] The Fitz-Williams again were a very ancient and distinguished family, the name is found in the Battle Abbey Roll of William the Conqueror. The family claim descent from Sir William Fitz-Goderic, cousin of King Edward the Confessor. His son, Sir William Fitz-William, has been said (as the name might imply) to have been really a natural son of William the Conqueror himself,[6] but the more generally accepted version is that Fitz-Goderic was his father. Sir William Fitz-William accompanied the Duke of Normandy to England as Marshal of his army, and for his bravery at the battle of Hastings the Conqueror gave him a scarf from his own arm. A descendant, in the reign of Elizabeth, was thrice Lord Lieutenant of Ireland; he was also Governor of Fotheringhay Castle when the unfortunate Queen Mary of Scotland was imprisoned there, and before she was beheaded she gave him a portrait of herself, which is still preserved at Milton House, near Peterborough, one of the seats of the Earls Fitz-William, who now represent the family, Baron of Milton being their second title. A Patent of Edward IV. (A.D. 1461)[7] shows that Richard Fitz-William had the privilege granted to him by that King of "free warren" at Ulceby, near Alford.

  1. Architectural Society's Journal, 1894, p. 190. Lincs. Notes & Queries, vol. iii, p. 204, vol. vii, p. 3.
  2. Maddison's Wills, 1st series, p. 360, No 96.
  3. Lansdown MS., British Museum, 54, 62, &c., quoted in Old Lincolnshire, vol. i p. 118. In All Saint's Church at Theddlethorpe is a fine brass of an Angevin and his wife of the 16th century
  4. De Banco Roll, 5 Henry VII., Hilary, M., A.D. 1490.
  5. Chancery Inquisition post mortem, taken at Alford, April 28, 14 Henry VIII., A.D. 1522.
  6. Bridge's History of Northamptonshire, quoted Architectural Society's Journal, 1879, p. 45, note.
  7. Patent 1 Ed. IV., pt. 2, m. 59, quoted Old Lincolnshire, vol. i, p. 124.