Page:A Manchu grammar, with analysed texts.djvu/12

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THE ALPHABET.

When alone. In the beginning of a word. In the middle of a word. At the end of a word.
a ᠠ‍᠊ ᠊ᠠ᠊ ᠊ᠠ
e
when followed by n in the beginning of a word, a space is left to distinguish it from a: ᡝ᠊ᠨ᠊ en ᠠ᠊ a
ᡝ᠊ ᠊ᡝ᠊ ᠊ᡝ
i ᡳ᠊ ᠊ᡳ᠊ ᠊ᡳ
o ᠣ᠊ ᠊ᠣ᠊ ᠊ᠣ see b
u ᡠ᠊ ᠊ᡠ᠊ ᠊ᡠ
ū ᡡ᠊ ᠊ᡡ᠊ ᠊ᡡ
n
ᠨ᠊ ᠊ᠨ᠋᠊ ᠊ᠨ ‍᠊ᠨ᠌ like final a, but a vowel preceding shows that it must be n.
k
ᡴ‍᠊ when followed by a, o, ū
when followed by e, i, u
᠊ᡴ᠊ ᠊ᡴ᠋᠊
᠊ᡴ
g
ᡤ᠊ when followed by a, o, ū
when followed by e, i, u
᠊ᡤ᠊
᠊‍ᡬ‍᠊



h
ᡥ᠊ when followed by a, o, ū
when followed by e, i, u
᠊ᡥ᠊ ᠊‍ᡭ‍᠊


b
ᠪ᠊ ᠊ᠪ᠊ ᠊ᠪ the downstroke is longer than that of o.
p
ᡦ᠊ ᠊ᡦ᠊
s
ᠰ᠊ ᠊ᠰ᠊ ᠊ᠰ
š
ᡧ᠊ ᠊ᡧ᠊
t
ᡨ᠋᠊ foll. by a, ᡨ᠌᠊ foll. by e, ᠊ᡨ᠋᠊ ta, ᠊ᡨ᠍᠊ te, ᠊᠊ᡨ᠌᠊ after a vowel and before a consonant. ᠊ᡨ
d
ᡩ᠊ foll. by a, ᡩ᠋᠊ foll. by e, ᠊ᡩ᠋᠊ da, ᠊ᡩ᠊ de
l
ᠯ᠊ ᠊ᠯ᠊ ᠊ᠯ
m
ᠮ᠊ ᠊ᠮ᠊ ᠊ᠮ
c
ᠴ᠊ ᠊ᠴ᠊
j
ᠵ᠊ ᠊ᠵ᠊
y
ᠶ᠊ ᠊ᠶ᠊
r

᠊ᡵ᠊ ᠊ᡵ
f
ᡶ‍᠊ foll. by a or e ᡶ᠋‍᠊ foll by other vowels. ‍᠊ᡶ‍᠊ foll. by a or e, ᠊ᡶ᠋‍᠊ foll. by other vowels
w
ᠸ᠊ foll. by a or e ᠊ᡶ᠋‍᠊ foll. by a or e
For transcribing Chinese syllables:—

ᠺ᠊, gʽ ᡬ᠊, hʽ ᡭ᠊, tsʽ ᡮ᠊, ts ᡮᡟ, dz , ž ᡰ᠊, sy (四) ᠰᡟ, cʽy (勅) ᡱᡳ, jy (智) ᡷ᠊ᡳ,

ng

᠊ᠩᡤ‍᠊ (a) ᠊ᠩᡤᡝ᠊ (e) ᠊ᠩ