Page:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/56

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137. Neuter adjectives (but not substantives) in उ u may take the forms proper to the masculine in the dat., abl.-gen., loc. sing., and gen. -loc. dual.

138. Changes of final न् n. Before initial ज् j and श् ç, न् n becomes ञ् ñ; thus, तान् जनान् tān janān becomes ताञ्जनान् tāñ janān ; तान् शत्रून् tān çatrūn = ताञ्शत्रून् tāñ çatrūn. In the last case, however, छ् ch is almost always substituted for the initial श् ç; thus, ताञ्छत्रून् tāñ chatrūn.

139. Final न् n, before an initial ल् l, is assimilated and becomes nasalized l, which is written ँल् nँl, or (what is the same thing) ं ; thus तान् लोकान् tān lokān becomes ताँल् लोकान् tānँl lokān or तां लोकान् tāṅ lokān.

140. Before the surd palatal, lingual, and dental mutes there is inserted after final न् n a sibilant of each of those classes respectively, before which न् n becomes anusvāra; thus for तान् च tān ca we find तांश्च tāṅç ca; for तान् तथा tān tathā, तांस्तथा tāṅs tathā.*

Vocabulary VI.


  • ऋ r (rcchdti -- § 109) go to; fall to one's lot, fall upon.
  • क्रम् kram + आ a (AkrAmati) stride up to, attack.
  • चम् cam + आ A (AcAmati) sip, drink, rinse the mouth.
  • तम् tam (tamyati) be sad.
  • तुष् tus (tusyati) rejoice, take pleasure in (w. instr.).
  • दीव् dlv (divyatij play.

  • This rule really involves an historic survival, the large ma-

jority of cases of final ^ n in the language being for original ns. Practically, the rule applies only to ^ n before ^ c and c^ t, since cases involving the other initials are excessively rare.