Page:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/56

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137. Neuter adjectives (but not substantives) in xf u may take the forms proper to the masculine in the dat., abl.-gen., loc. sing., and gen. -loc. dual.

138. Changes of final «^ n. Before initial 91 j and ^ f, •^ n becomes "5J n; thus, TfTt. 44«f I *V. tan jandn becomes <n- %HI"t. tdnjandn ; 7f[% ^T^l. ^ n P°^ n = dl»^I'^ , l s tan gatrun. In th» last case, however, ^ch is almost always substituted for the initial TTT p; thus, fM'b^»4V ^ chatrun.

139. Final «^ n, before an initial «J /, is assimilated and becomes nasalized /, which is written ^f nl, or (what is the same thing) — n} thus <fT^ ^t^TTt tan lokdn becomes TfT^T *"Tl<*l«l tdnl lokdn or Tfi Wt 5 BFTT s tan lokdn.

140. Before the surd palatal, lingual, and dental mutes there is inserted after final i^ n a sibilant of each of those classes respectively, before which if^ n becomes anusvara; thus for cfT 5 ^ ^T tan ca we find 7TP5T tdnc ca; for TTTt. WG\ tan talhd, <rNRTT *aw«  tathd*

Vocabulary VI.


  • r (rcchdti -- § 109) go to; fall to one's lot, fall upon.
  • kram + a (AkrAmati) stride up to, attack.
  • cam + A (AcAmati) sip, drink, rinse the mouth.
  • tam (tamyati) be sad.
  • tus (tusyati) rejoice, take pleasure in (w. instr.).
  • dlv (divyatij play.

  • This rule really involves an historic survival, the large ma-

jority of cases of final ^ n in the language being for original ns. Practically, the rule applies only to ^ n before ^ c and c^ t, since cases involving the other initials are excessively rare.