The plumage of the body was green; the head, bill, and legs, red; the tail, and under sides of the wings, yellow. No huts, plantations, or other signs of fixed inhabitants were seen; nor was there any fresh water.
On the return of the boat, the vessels weighed; and the wind being at W. S. W., they worked through, between Dungeness and Warriors Islands, with the flood tide. They then anchored in 11 fathoms; the first Island bearing S. S. E. to S ½W. three leagues, and the second E. by S. ½S.
July 28. Having a fresh breeze at E. S. E., the long boat was sent a-head, and the ships followed, to the westward. They passed Turtle-backed Island, the Cap, and the Brothers, on one side, and Nichols' Key on the other: the soundings gradually shoaling from 12 to 7 fathoms. Upon the Cap, Mr. Bampton "saw a volcano burning with great violence," which induced him to give it the name of Fire Island; not knowing that it had before been named. At noon, the Brothers, with the Cap and Turtle-backed Island behind, bore S. E. by S. to S ½E. four miles; and Mount Cornwallis N. 16° W.
The water continued to shoal; and at three p. m., the ships anchored in 5 fathoms, sand, shells, and stones; the Brothers bearing E. by S. ¼S. five leagues, and Mount Cornwallis N. by E. ¼E. There were two large islands in sight in the S. S. W. ¼W. to S. W. ¼S, at the distance of eight or ten leagues; and many nearer reefs in the same direction.
July 29. The long boat was sent to sound in the north-west; and when the ebb tide slacked, the ships followed: wind at E. S. E.; The soundings increased from 5 to 7 fathoms; and afterwards varied between these depths, until noon; when the latitude observed was 9° 42' south. The Brothers then bore S. 64° E.; Mount Cornwallis
N. 38° E; and a long, low island (Turn-again, of Bligh,) N. 35° to
- This latitude is from 4' to 6' more south than captain Bligh's positions; and the same difference occurs in all the observations, where a comparison can be made.