SIR WILLTAM LOCKHART. 487
Fouconberg, " by the little discourse I have had with the duke de Crequy, chevalier (jirammont, and others, I find they infinitely esteeme my lord Lock- hart for his courage, care, and enduring the fatigue beyond all men they ever saw. These were their own words." n When the fortifications had yielded to his efforts , and those of his illustrious coadjutor Turenne, he found himself still perplexed by the interruptions of the French : that the possession of so im- portant and long-hoped-for an acquisition should be left to foreigners, was humiliating ; and whatever respect they paid to Cromwell's government, these might at least indulge the privilege of preventing their assistance from being so ample as it appeared. Almost unassisted, Lockhart was compelled with his small army immediately to put the place in a posture of defence, and complaining that he was " forced to buy the very pallisades of the Fort-Royall ; othenvayes the French, notwithstanding any order the king and cardinall can give, would pull them out ; and not only burn them, but pull down the earthern works in taking them out." 12
After the siege Lockhart was visited by commissary Mandossi, a person who, under pretence of paying some debts which the Spanish army had incurred during the siege, acted as an emissary from the marquis of Caracine, privately to discover the extent to which Lockhart might countenance an immediate treaty as the avenue to a peace ; but the conquering general returned polite and haughty answers to the hints laid before him. He was appointed governor of Dunkirk, an office in which he was enabled to distinguish himself for his reso- lution and consistency ; and he was employed as plenipotentiary at the treaty of the Pyrenees. After the accession of Richard Cromwell, and even during the uncertainty of the continuance of a protectoral government in England, Sir William Lockhart so far supported in his own person the influence of the com- monwealth, that the interference of the exiled prince was disregarded by both the foreign powers. After the peace, he visited England, and met with Monk, whom he found still apparently intent on the continuation of the protectorate. Being thus lulled into security, he returned to his foreign station, which he hardly reached when he heard rumours of the approaching restoration of monarchy. When Monk first hinted that his exertions would be at the service of the king, and advised him speedily to quit Spain, lest his person might be seized as a hostage for the restoration of Dunkirk, Charles fled to Breda ; and Lockhart might at once have obtained pardon for all offences, and the prospect of high promotion under the new order of things, if he would have acceded to a request (made with many flattering promises) to throw open to him the gates of Dunkirk. But the man who had said he would not be insulted even by a king, answered that " he was trusted by the commonwealth, and could not be- tray it." la " This scruple," says Hume, " though in the present emergence it approaches towards superstition, it is difficult for us entirely to condemn ;" but the elegant historian made the observation on the presumption that Lock- hart " was nowise averse to the king's service," " Whether this refusal," says Clarendon, " proceeded from the punctuality of his nature (for he was a man of parts and of honour), or from his jealousy for the garrison, that they would not be disposed by him, (for though he was exceedingly beloved and obeyed by them, yet they were all Englishmen, and he had none of his own nation, which was the Scottish, but in his own family ;) certain it is, that, at the same time that he refused to treat with the king, he refused to accept the great offers made to him by the cardinal, who had a high esteem of him, and offered to make him marshal of France, with great appointments of pensions and other emolu-
11 Thurloe, vii. 15] " Thurloe, 173. a Burnet, i. 8G.