Page:A cyclopedia of American medical biography vol. 2.djvu/172

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page needs to be proofread.


MARTIX 150


the Syngensia, which he names the Marshallia. Give my best respects to your uncle, Mr. Humphrey Marshall, and believe me with great esteem, sir, "Your humble servant, "Henry Muhlenberg."

In the collection of the Marshall papers in the possession of Gilbert Cope there is the following copy of the reply to this note in the handwriting of Dr. Marshall:

"West Bradford, April 13, 1792. "Reverend Sir: I have just received yours of the ninth instant, and am much pleased to hear of the arrival of the Genera Plantarum. I am very sensible of the honor done me, through your request, by Dr. Schreber, and think myself but too undeserving.I shall be pleased in your calling on yoiir intended journey, and hope you will consider my uncle's house as a welcome stage, I am, with all due respect,

"Your much obliged friend, "Moses Marshall."

Marshall's letters speak of many long trips which meant fatigue, danger and expense. His appointment as justice of the peace curtailed these excursions, but he continued exchang- ing specimens and seeds with European confreres. About 1797 he married Alice Pennock and had six children. After his uncle's death there is not much told of his scientific work and he died on the thirteenth of October, 1813.

D. W.

Sketch by Dr. Wm. T. Sharpless. West

Chester Daily News, Nov. 22, 1895.

Memorials of Bartram and Marshall, Wm.

Darlington.

The Botanists of Philadelphia. Harshberger.

Martin, EnnaUs (1758-1834).

He was born at his home, " Hampden," in Talbot County, Maryland, August 23, 1758, the son of Thomas and Mary Ennalls Martin. At a very early age he was sent to Newark Academy, Delaware, where he did well as a Latin and Greek scholar. In 1777 he was


MARTIN

taken to Philadelphia by his father and put under Dr. William Shippen, the anatomist, then surgeon-general of the Continental Army, who assigned him to duty in the apothecary depart- ment. As the army was greatly in need of surgeons, particularly for the hospitals, and as young Martin proved himself an unusually apt scholar, he soon received a commission from Con- gress as hospital surgeon's mate, with the understanding that he was to at- tend the medical school of Philadelphia, then conducted by the Profs. Ship- pen, Rush, and Kuhn. He was at once stationed at Bethlehem Hospital, and took his M. B. in 1782. Meanwhile he was appointed demonstrator of anatomy by Shippen, to which work he apphed himself with great zeal and became a skilled dissector, some- times even taking Shippen's place. To show Martin's zeal and faithfulness, it is said that during his five years' service he left his station but twice, once to visit his father, who was an ex- tensive farmer, tanner, and tobacco planter, and again to go on to Saratoga to bring away the sick and wounded after the defeat of Burgoyne.

Having obtained his M. D. he settled in practice at Talbot Court House, afterwards called Easton, although Shippen did everything to induce him to remain in Philadelphia. He was an occasional contributor to the "Med- ical Repository," then the only medical periodical in the country. He was inflexible in carrying out the treatment which his judgment suggested. It was useless to object, and he was known repeatedly to take a recalcitrant patient by the nose and force the medicine down his throat. His bluntness and brusqueness caused his patients to fear him and his colleagues to apply to him the soubriquet — "Abernethy of Talbot." He was the first to introduce vaccination into Talbot, and by his strong force of will to overcome the prejudice against it.

He was one of the founders and