Page:A cyclopedia of American medical biography vol. 2.djvu/180

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MEACHEM


15S


MEIGLER


New York, subsequently at Linden, and at Warsaw, New York until 1862 when he came to Racine, Wisconsin, where the remainder of his life was spent.

His professional standing was recognized by the Bellevue Hospital Medical College, whose diploma he received in 1862. In 1861 he was appointed enrollment surgeon by Gov. Hunt of New York, and in 1862-63 had charge of the regimental hospital at Camp Utley, at Racine. He was one of the founders of and a physician to St. Luke's Hospital at Racine for more than twenty years. In 1881, he was president of the Wisconsin State Medical Society. A general practice of over fifty years embraced many dangerous and difficult cases in surgery. His numerous cases of amputations, trephining, and liberal practice in lithotomy, ovariotomy, and other lines of his profession attest both skill and knowledge.

His contributions to medical literature included: "Removal of Two Stones Weiging two ounces, from Bladder of Female," "Ligature of Carotid Artery for Occipital Aneurism," "Medical Education," "Stroma-syphilis," "Fifteen Cases of Puerperal Eclampsia, with one death. Bleeding the Remedy," "Insanity due to Uterine Disease," "Pneumonia and its Treatment." "Lung Diseases as they occur on the shore of Lake Michigan," "Passage of a Needle through the Heart, with Recovery," and an address before the Wisconsin State Medical Society on "Honor to Professional Men," may properly be mentioned as showing both professional skill and professional spirit. These papers were published in the "Transactions of the Wisconsin State Medical Society."

Meachem married in June 1844, Myraette, daughter of Reuben Doolittle. Two daughters, Myraette and Elizabeth, died in their girlhood. One son, John Goldsbrough Meachem, Jr., became a physician.

He died February 1, 1896, from heart disease after an illness of nearly one year; leaving a stainless character as a heritage for his kindred. J. G. M. Jr.


"The United Statea Biographical Dictionary and Portrait Gallery of Eminent and Self- made Men," American Biographical Pub. Co., Chicago, 1877, with portrait. "History of Racine and Kenosha Counties," Wisconsin, 1879.

"Transactions Wis. State Med. Soc," 1896. Obituary by Solon Marks, M. D.


Meigler, Marie J. (1851-1901).

Marie Meigler, gynecologist, was born in Main Stockheim, Bavaria in 1851, and descended from the old German family, von Rittenhausen. Her father was Francis R. Meigler, a graduate of the University of Wurzburg, who in 1853 came with his family to Illinois.

Marie graduated from Cook County Illinois Normal School, and in 1871 from the classical course. State Normal School, Oswego, New York. She entered the Woman's Medical College, Chicago, in 1876 and obtained her degree in 1879, be- ing valedictorian of the class. There were several of the faculty who although con- senting to teach the women did everything to discourage them.

When Marie was a senior her class found a notice on the bulletin board in- viting them to take the examinations for interne at Cook County Hospital. Although sure of defeat, the ill-taught girls resolved to face contempt at the competitive examination in order to preserve the "open door" to public office for their successors. They were received by the students in the amphi- theatre with shouts and hisses. The chairman of the staff looked inquiringly at the secretary, the secretary responded, " You instructed me to notifj' the regular colleges, the Woman's College is a regular College." No appointment was received but the members of the faculty ashamed of their work, reformed their ways, and when again Marie competed for the po- sition of interne in the Cook County Hos- pital, she was told that she did so success- fully but was not appointed because a woman — however, a year later a woman did receive the appointment. After grad- uating, Marie Meigler became surgical assistant to Dr. William H. Bvford. The