Page:A cyclopedia of American medical biography vol. 2.djvu/49

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JACKSON


JACKSON


her he made a trip around the world in 1890, which constituted their last romance, preserved in the memory of one who was capable of enjoying such talented companionship.

In 1877, while operating upon an infected patient, he inoculated his finger, and never fully recovered from the effects of the disease. In 1889 new symptoms made their appearance in the form of an attack of aphasia. November 1, 1892, symptoms again appeared, and were followed the next day by the attack of apoplexy from which he died.

He was honored in his own country and left the world better than he found it. He fought a good fight. We give him his niche among our immortals, feeling that in honoring him we honor ourselves.

Among his writings are:

"Remarks on Intrauterine Polypi," 1876.

"The Ovulation Theory of Menstru- ation," 1876.

" Vascular Tumors of the Female Urethra," 1878.

" The Treatment of Sterility," 1879.

k. T. B.

Tr. Amer. Gyn. Soc, vol. xxviii, 189.3 (port.).

Jackson, Hall (1739-1797).

Dr. Clement Jackson, of whom we know hardly anything of value towards the formation of his biography, was practising in Hampton, New Hampshire, when his son Hall was born November 11, 1739. The father, either to enlarge the bounds of his practice or to better educate his children, moved to Ports- mouth, New Hampshire, in 1749. His son, after receiving the ordinary common school education of those days, had also a special education in the classics by a local clergyman. He then entered his father's office and rode about with him seeing cases and studying medicine and investigating the action and compounding of drugs until he had acquired sufficient knowledge to Vol. II-3


begin practice. Before entering into practice he went to Europe and com- pleted his medical education under the best masters of the day, being remarked for his skill in surgery, an art which was by no means so exten- sively or so fearlessly practised in those days. While in London he received honorable notice for an ingenious in- vention by which he extracted from a gun-shot wound a bullet which had baffled the skill of the attending surgeons

Returning home well equipped, he opened first a pharmacy as a sort of focus for practice, and as a source of income until he should gain enough patients to become self-supporting. This pharmacy he handed over ulti- mately to a son named John. From 1760 to 1775 he remained constantly in Portsmouth identifying himself with the community, gaining an excellent reputation and marrying the widow Mary Dalling Wentworth.

With the outbreak of the Revolution he came at once to the front and after the Battle of Lexington rode post haste to Boston to do his share in taking care of the wounded and in preparing for further medical and surg- ical work in the army which was soon to be recruited from the various New England States.

Returning to Portsmouth in a few days, he enhsted a company of men and was elected both their captain and surgeon, and these he continued drill- ing persistently, until news arrived of the battle of Bunker Hill, when he forthwith packed his chaise with all available instruments, drugs and lint, set off early in that June morn- ing, and twelve hours later was amid the wounded whom he found in a most deplorable condition. In the two days that had elapsed since the battle, the Massachusetts surgeons had attended to their wounded in some reasonable fashion, but nothing had been done for those from New Hampshire. Three physicians belonging to the New Hamp-