Page:A cyclopedia of American medical biography vol. 2.djvu/562

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So, the first phj-sician on the Pacific coast of the states and the first to carry physical and spiritual help to the Indians there, Whitman and a band of co-laborers worked until 1846. But the British Fur Company, partly in revenge for losses, stirred up the Indians to suspect Whitman of ulterior motives in befriending them. In 1847, attacked by measles they would not submit to the same treatment as the whites and they died by hundreds, " Whitman has poisoned us!" A plot was laid, and on the twentieth of November, Whitman, his wife and twelve others were killed and scalped, some other forty-six being taken captives. Today Whitman Col- lege stands at Walla Walla, Washington, to perpetuate his memory, and the Baird professorship, founded for the advance of natural science is doing much to make known the richness of Oregon.

D. W.

The Whitman Coll. Quarterly, Jan., 1897.

Marcus WTiitman, M. Eells, 1909.

How Marcus Whitman saved Oregon, O. W.

Nixon. 1896.

History of Oregon, W. H. Graj'.

Whittaker, James Thomas (1843-1900).

The son of James and Olivia S. Lyon Whittaker, he was born in Cincinnati, March 3, 1843, and was educated in Covington, Kentucky, graduating in 1859, in September of that year enter- ing Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, and graduating in 1863.

While in the navy, 1863-65, he received leave of absence to attend the medical lectures at the Medical College of Ohio.

He graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1866; and from the Medical College of Ohio in 1867.

In 1868, going to Berlin, he attended the lectures of Langenbeck, Martin and others. He went also to Prague to study clinical obstetrics and in January, 1869, to Vienna.

In 1870, he received the A. M., and in 1891, the LL. D. from Miami University.

Whittaker was acting assistant surgeon in the United States Navy; member of the American Academy of Medicine;

Association of American Physicians; fellow of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia; fellow of the Chicago Academy of Medicine.

In 1869 he was assistant professor of obstetrics and diseases of children in the Medical College of Ohio, and pathologist to the Good Samaritan Hospital. In 1870, professor of physiology, and in 1879 professor of theory and practice of medicine, which position he held until his death.

Quite a linguist, he would while study- ing a language in his busy years, take his teacher with him in his carriage, reading and conversing in the intervals between visits.

He was much interested in Koch's work of the bacillus tuberculosis, and introduced tuberculin into Cincinnati.

He edited the "Cincinnati Clinic" from its foundation in 1871 until July, 1876, and later was an associate editor of the "International Medical Magazine."

Dr. Whittaker married three times; to Mary Box Davis, in 1873, who died 1883, leaving no children. In 1884, to Ella M. Harrison, who died 1888, leaving three children, James, Alice and Hugh. In 1890, he married his third wife, Virginia Lee Joy, who survived him; by this marriage there were two children, Wallace and Virginia.

Dr. Whittaker died in Cincinnati on June 5, 1900, of carcinoma of the rectum.

His more important works are: "Mor- bid Anatomy of the Placenta," prize essay. New York, 1870; "Text-book on Physiology," Cincinnati, 1879; "Theory and Practice of Medicine," 1893; "Ex- iled for Lese Majesty," 1898 (a novel).

A. G. D.

See, In Memoriam by A. G. Drury, Cincin- nati, 1900.

Whittier, Edward Newton (1841-1902).

Edward Newton Whittier was born July 2, 1841, at Portland, Maine. He entered Brown University in 1858, but before he graduated the Civil War had begun and Whittier left his books, and did not return until peace was restored.