Page:A tour through the northern counties of England, and the borders of Scotland - Volume I.djvu/160

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in the reign of Henry II. founded by Robert Ferrars second earl of Derby. A remarkable yew-tree also grows in the cemetery, robbed of a great part of its pristine honours, but still exhibiting a specimen of unusual vegetation, and measuring in girth thirty-three feet.

The broad valley through which the road runs to Chatsworth affords some good flat landscapes, regarded, perhaps, with the greater pleasure, from the contrast produced by the naked hills that hedge them in on every "side; this circumstance gives additional interest also to the approach of the Duke's seat through the park; on entering which, a long reach of the Derwent, (whose banks art has both extended and adorned) a cascade made by the whole river throwing itself down a descent of ten or twelve feet, and a partial view of the house, seated at the foot of a hill, (a grand mass of wood) surrounded by mountains deformed with crags, are all unfolded to the eye at once. Pursuing the road for a mile, we dropped into the village of Chatsworth, (which stands a little without the park) where a noble inn, built for the reception of visitors, offered its accommodations.

Crossing the Derwent over an elegant bridge of three arches, we reached the northern entrance of the mansion, which was built by the last Earl of