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That all three theories give the same values for the ponderomotive force in resting bodies, is caused (in the sense of our system) by the fact, that the equations connecting and with and , are in agreement (including the terms linear in ). The notation of Lorentz's theory may be employed in the discussion of the force in resting bodies.

If one sets value (61b) for , then the ponderomotive force (61) can be decomposed into two parts


which are to be interpreted as the contributions of the electric and magnetic field.

From the main equations for resting bodies

one derives, by introduction of the electric and magnetic polarization

the two following relations

With respect to them, expressions (62) go over into


Since it furthermore holds


it eventually becomes