one obtains

$\left[{\frac {\partial '{\mathfrak {A}}}{\partial t}}{\mathfrak {B}}\right]+\left[{\mathfrak {A}}{\frac {\partial '{\mathfrak {B}}}{\partial t}}\right]={\frac {\delta }{\delta t}}[{\mathfrak {AB}}]+[{\mathfrak {AB}}]\mathrm {div} {\mathfrak {w}}-\left[{\mathfrak {A}},\ ({\mathfrak {B}}\nabla ){\mathfrak {w}}\right]+\left[{\mathfrak {B}},\ ({\mathfrak {A}}\nabla ){\mathfrak {w}}\right]$

Due to the identity which is easily to be verified

$\left[{\mathfrak {A}},\ ({\mathfrak {B}}\nabla ){\mathfrak {w}}\right]-\left[{\mathfrak {B}},\ ({\mathfrak {A}}\nabla ){\mathfrak {w}}\right]=[{\mathfrak {AB}}]\mathrm {div} {\mathfrak {w}}-([{\mathfrak {AB}}]\nabla ){\mathfrak {w}}-\left[[{\mathfrak {AB}}]\mathrm {curl} {\mathfrak {w}}\right]$

the relation is obtained

(5) |
$\left[{\frac {\partial '{\mathfrak {A}}}{\partial t}}{\mathfrak {B}}\right]+\left[{\mathfrak {A}}{\frac {\partial '{\mathfrak {B}}}{\partial t}}\right]={\frac {\delta }{\delta t}}[{\mathfrak {AB}}]+([{\mathfrak {AB}}]\nabla ){\mathfrak {w}}-\left[[{\mathfrak {AB}}]\mathrm {curl} {\mathfrak {w}}\right]$ |

§ 3. **The energy equation and the momentum equations.**

We understand under $xyzt$ coordinates and the time, measured in a reference system in which the observer has a fixed location. The ponderomotive force measured by him, which is acting (due to the electromagnetic process) on the unit volume of moving matter, shall have the components:

(6) |
${\begin{cases}{\mathfrak {K}}_{x}={\frac {\partial X_{x}}{\partial x}}+{\frac {\partial X_{y}}{\partial y}}+{\frac {\partial X_{z}}{\partial z}}-{\frac {\partial {\mathfrak {g}}_{x}}{\partial t}},\\\\{\mathfrak {K}}_{y}={\frac {\partial Y_{x}}{\partial x}}+{\frac {\partial Y_{y}}{\partial y}}+{\frac {\partial Y_{z}}{\partial z}}-{\frac {\partial {\mathfrak {g}}_{y}}{\partial t}},\\\\{\mathfrak {K}}_{z}={\frac {\partial Z_{x}}{\partial x}}+{\frac {\partial Z_{y}}{\partial y}}+{\frac {\partial Z_{z}}{\partial z}}-{\frac {\partial {\mathfrak {g}}_{z}}{\partial t}}.\end{cases}}$ |

The vector ${\mathfrak {g}}$ which arises here, is denoted by us as "*electromagnetic momentum density*" or shortly as "*momentum density*". The system of "*fictitious electromagnetic stresses*" consists of six quantities, namely the normal stresses $X_{x},\ Y_{y},\ Z_{z}$, and the pairwise shear-stresses which are mutually equal:

(6a) |
$X_{y}=Y_{x},\ Y_{z}=Z_{y},\ Z_{x}=X_{z}$ |

To the "*momentum equations*" (6), the *energy equation* is added:

(7) |
${\mathfrak {wK}}+Q=-\mathrm {div} {\mathfrak {S}}-{\frac {\partial \psi }{\partial t}}$ |

Here, $Q$ means the Joule-head, $\psi$ the electromagnetic energy density, ${\mathfrak {S}}$ the energy current.

While the momentum equations determine the momentum exerted by the electromagnetic field, the energy equation determines which energy-quantity per unit space and time is converted into a non-electromagnetic form (work and heat).

If one introduces into (6) and (7) the temporal derivative defined by (3) and (3a),