Page:American Anthropologist NS vol. 1.djvu/359

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��[n. 3. v x, 1899

��The next song is from the same tribe and pueblo. It con- tains the same tones as the preceding one with the additional tone D, the second of the scale, implying the dominant chord. These tones, C, D, E, G, A, make the familiar five-tone scale :

��No. II. TICUA OF ISLETA PUEBLO. (Song of the Son.) /

���^=^si^4^j j i ^j^ja i ^^jirjgj

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��The songs of the Tarahumare and Tepehuane in Mexico, those of the Sioux, Winnebago, Omaha, Ponka, Pawnee, and of the various tribes of California, as well as the Eskimo, all show characteristics similar to those already presented. In short, I have yet to find a single song of any of our aboriginal peoples which is not as plainly diatonic and harmonic as our own. If we compare them with any of our real folk-songs, such as —


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��is the way we wash oar clothes.

��the old hymn-tune, " When I can read my title clear," and other examples drawn from bagpipe music, we cannot but see that the differences are merely of an ethnological character ; that is, they are differences of style and manner, not differences in essential structure.

The essential thing in all music is the relation of tones to a tonic

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