Page:An elementary grammar of the Japanese language.djvu/19

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5
Of Gender.

The masculine denotes the male sex; as, otoko, man. The feminine denotes the female sex; as onna, woman. The neuter denotes whatever is without sex; as yama, mountain.

There are two different ways of distinguishing sex:—

  1. By different words; as—
Masculine.
Feminine.
otoko, man. onna, woman.
teishu, husband. niyobo, wife.
, monk. ama, nun.
goko, widow. yamome, widower.
segare, son. musume, daughter.
titi, father. haha, mother.
oji, uncle. oba, aunt.
oi, nephew. mei, niece.
hana muko, bridegroom. hana yome, bride.
danna, gentleman. fuzin, lady.
  1. By prefixing another word; as—
Masculine.
Feminine.
otoko no ko, male child. onna no ko, female child.
ontori, male bird. mentori, female bird.
Tei, Emperor. Niyotei, Empress.
Ō, King. Niyo-ō, Queen.