Book) is used when, in the notes, reference is made to the pages of the "Authorised Daily Prayer Book."
Transliteration of Hebrew Words.
In the transliteration of Hebrew words, it seemed best not to adopt too rigidly the newer systems, as these would probably bewilder the readers for whom these pages are chiefly designed. One or two of the modern signs have, however, been adopted. Thus, ח is represented by ḥ, ט by ṭ and צ by ṣ, the dot under the letter will help to distinguish these letters from h=ה, t=תּ and s=ס (also שׂ) respectively. The letter כּ is represented by c (sounded hard) and כ by ch; תּ by t and ת by th, ק by k, פּ by p and פ by ph. The rest of the transliterations need no explanation, but א and ע are not indicated at all. The vowels are given in the "Sephardic" manner, and are to be pronounced as in continental languages such as modern German.
The date at the foot of the Hebrew title-page is expressed by means of a chronogram. An appropriate phrase is chosen, and the date is the numerical sum of the letters forming the phrase. The abbreviation לפ״ק would read in full לִפְרָט קָטֹן, i.e. according to the minor sum, the thousands being omitted and only the hundreds expressed. Thus the ninth edition of the P.B. is dated תורה וזמרה לפ״ק. The letters forming these Hebrew words (thanksgiving and song) amount to 673; the full date being 5673 according to the Jewish era known as Anno Mundi ("the year of the world"). This corresponds to 1912-1913 of the common era.
The Morning Service.
On every day throughout the year there are three services: evening, morning, and afternoon. On days—Sabbaths, New Moons, and Festivals—on which in Temple times there was an Additional Sacrifice (Musaph),