Page:Appleton's Guide to Mexico.djvu/205

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page has been proofread, but needs to be validated.

was then mostly covered by lagoons. An oracle bad commanded them not to found a city till they had come to a spot were an eagle would be seen standing on a rock. Upon exploring the shores of the lagoon, the Aztec rovers beheld the long-sought eagle resting on a cactus, which

AGTM D205 The volcanoes of Popocatepetl and Iztacchihuatl.png

The Volcanoes of Popocatepetl and Iztaccihuatl.

grew out of a crevice in the solid rock. Accordingly, they called their city Tenochtitlan, which signifies a "cactus upon a rock."

The device of an eagle, with a serpent in its beak, standing on a cactus that grows out of a rock, has become the escutcheon of Mexico. It is found on the national flag, as well as on the gold and silver coins.

The present capital lies in latitude 19° 25' 45" north, and longitude 99° 5' 15" west of Greenwich. It is built on