Page:Biodiversity Assessment of the Fishes of Saba Bank Atoll, Netherlands Antilles.pdf/4

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page needs to be proofread.


loadings on species typically found at the low to medium species richness stations 3, 5, 6 and 8–12 (e.g. Cryptotomus roseus, Haemulon melanurum, Halichoeres bivittatus, Astrapogon puncticulatus, and Serranus baldwini). Strongest negative scores were on species that were frequently found at high to medium species richness stations 1, 2, 4, 7 and 8 (e.g. Hypoplectrus puella, Lythrypnus elasson, Prognathodes aculeatus, Neoniphon marianus, and Gramma loreto).

An annotated list of the fishes of Saba Bank is provided below. In the list, we include the family, genus and species, author and English common name (as common names are not standardized internationally, we strove to apply the most widely used English common name based on FishBase (http://www.fishbase.org) listings). The use of “cf” before a species name indicates that the specimen photographed is similar to that species, but probably represents an undescribed species. Voucher specimens are archived at the National Museum of Natural History (USNM) and the Florida Museum of Natural History (UF) and each species with vouchers is annotated with the museum's acronym where the specimens are housed. The basis of each species record is indicated by: I – ichthyocide station, F – caught by a local fisherman and photographed, T – bottom trawl, O – visual sighting during Toller survey, V – visual sighting during RAP survey at roving and rotenone station. Lengths of specimens are recorded in mm for either standard length (SL), total length (TL), or fork length (FL). Photographs showing the color pattern of freshly collected specimens are included for as many of the species as possible. Images illustrating observed sexual and developmental (juvenile to adult) variability in color pattern are included where possible.

Ginglymostomatidae—nurse sharks

Ginglymostoma cirratum (Bonnaterre, 1788)nurse shark; OV; Figure 3

Squalidae—dogfish sharks

Squalus cubensis Howell Rivero, 1936Cuban dogfish; F; Figure 4

Carcharhinidae—requiem sharks

Carcharhinus perezii (Poey, 1876)reef shark; F

Galeocerdo cuvier (Péron & Lesueur, 1822)tiger shark; F,O

Etmopteridae—lantern sharks

Etmopterus bullisi Bigelow & Schroeder, 1957lined lantern shark; USNM, T

Figure 3. Ginglymostoma cirratum, underwater photo by Juan Sanchez.
doi:10.137/journal.pone.0010676.g003
Figure 4. Squalus cubensis, 475 mm TL, photo by W Toller.
doi:10.137/journal.pone.0010676.g004

Dasyatidae—whiptail stingrays

Dasyatis americana Hildebrand & Schroeder, 1928southern stingray; V

Muraenidae—morays

Anarchias similis (Lea, 1913)pygmy moray; USNM, I

Enchelycore carychroa (Böhlke & Böhlke, 1976)chestnut moray; USNM, I, F;Figure 5

Enchelycore nigricans (Bonnaterre, 1788)viper moray; USNM, I

Gymnothorax conspersus Poey, 1867saddled moray; USNM, F; Figure 6

Gymnothorax maderensis(Johnson, 1862)sharktooth moray; USNM, F; Figure 7

Gymnothorax miliaris (Kaup, 1856)goldentail moray; USNM, I, O; Figure 8

Gymnothorax moringa (Cuvier, 1829)spotted moray; USNM, I, O, V; Figure 9

Gymnothorax polygonius Poey, 1876polygon moray; USNM, F; Figure 10

Gymnothorax vicinus (Castelnau, 1855)purplemouth moray; USNM, I, O; Figure 11

Monopenchelys acuta (Parr, 1930)redface moray; USNM, I; Figure 12

Uropterygius macularius (Lesueur, 1825)marbled moray; USNM, I

Ophichthidae—snake eels

Ahlia egmontis (Jordan, 1884)key worm eel; USNM, I; Figures 13, 14

Aprognathodon platyventris Böhlke, 1967stripe eel; USNM, I; Figures 15, 16

Myrichthys breviceps (Richardson, 1848) sharptail eel; O

Figure 5. Enchelycore carychroa, 175 mm TL, photo by JT Williams.
doi:10.137/journal.pone.0010676.g005