lating to the shore of the sea or other tidal water, or of a lake or other considerable body of water not having the character of a water-course. But this is not accurate. The proper word to be empioyed in such connections is "littoral." See Com. v. Roxbury, 9 Gray Glass.) 521, note. —B.ipari.an nations. In international law. Those who possess opposite banks or dliIerent parts of banks of one and the same river.— Riparian owner. A riparian propn'etor;_ one who owns lnnd on the bank of a river.-— parirm proprietor. An owner of land. bounded §.’E*l]el‘i1H_V upon a stream of water, and as such having a qualified property in the soil to the thread of the stream vsith the privileges annex- ed thereto by law. Bardwell v. .-tmes. 22 Pick. glass.) 35.’: Potomac Steamboat Co. v. U per
otomiic Steamboat 00.. 109 U. B. 672. 3 Ct. 445. 27 L. Ed. 1070; Gough v. Bell, 2 N. J. Law, 464 —Ri n.rin.n rights. The rights of the owners 0 lands on the hanks of watercourses. relating to the water. its_uS8. ownership of soil under the stream, u<‘c1‘el.10ns, etc. See Yates v. Milwaukee, 10 Wall _ 19 L. Ed. 984; Mobile Transp. Co. v. Mobile, 128 Ala. 335, 30 South. (i-in. 6-1 L. R. A. 63.}, 86 Am. St. Rep. 1-12,; McCarthy v. Murphy, 119 “'15. 159, 96 N. W. 531.
Ripnrnm nsns pnhlions est jnro gentinm, sicnt ipsius iluxninis. The use of river-hanks is by the law of nations public, like that of the stream itself. Dig. L 3, 5, pr.; Fleta. 1. 3 c. 1, Q 5.
RIPE. A suit is said to be “ripe for judgment" when it 15 so for advanced, by verdict, defauit, confession, the determination of all pending motions, or other disposition of pre- liminary or disputed matters, that nothing remains for ihe court but to render the -ipproprizite judgment. See Hosnier v. Hoitt, 161 Mass. 173, 36 N. E. 835.
BIPTOWELL, or BEAPTOWEL. A gratuity or reward given to tenants after they had reaped their lord's corn, or done other customary duties. Cowell.
RIPUARIAN LAW. An ancient code of laws by which the Rlpunrii, a tribe of Franks who occupied the country upon the Rhine, the Meuse, and the Scheldt, were governed They were first reduced to writing by The- odoric, king of Austrasia, and completed by Dngobert. Spelman.
RIPUARIAN PROPRIETORS. Owners of lands hounded by a river or water- course.
RISCIIS. L. Lat. In the civil law. A chest for the keeping of clothing. Calvin.
RISING 0!‘ COURT. Properly the flnai adjournment of the court for the term, though the term is also sometimes used to express the cessation of judicial business for the day or for 11 recess; it is the opposite of "sitting" or “session." See State v. Weaver, 11 Neb. 163, 8 N. W. 335.
RISK. In insurance law: the danger or hazard of a loss of the property insured; the casualty contemplated in a contract of insur- ance; the degree of hazard; and. colloquially. the specific house, factory, ship, etc. covered by the policy.
—Risks of navigation. It is held that this term is not the equivalent of "perils of In French law. as at the sea.
In English law. A toll auciently paid
to the crown for the passage of boots or vessels on certain rivers. Cowel].
RIVEARE. To have the liberty of Ii river for fishing and towling. Cowell.
RIVER. A natural stream or writer, of greater volume than a creek or rlvnlet, flowing in a more or less permanent bed or channel, between defined banks or walls, with a current which m.iy either be continuous in one direction or affected by the ebb and How of the tide. See Howard v. Ingersoll, 13 How. 391, 14 L. Ed. 189; Alabama v. Georgia, 23 How. 513, 16 L. Ed. 556; The Gnideii City (D. C.) 26 Fed. 772; Berlin Mills Co v. Vventwortlfs Location, 60 N. H. 156; Dlll] den v. Guardians of Clutton Union. 1 Hnrl. & N. 627; Chamberlain v. Hemingway. 63 Conn. 1, 27 Atl. 239, 22 L. R. A. 45, as Ann. St. Rep. 330.
ILl\’(.'lS are public or private; and of pulilic rivers some are navigable and others not The common-law distinction is that nm-i;:.i- ble rivers are those only “herein the tide ehbs and flows. But, in familiar usage, nny river is navigable which affords pa:-s-.u.'e to ships and vessels, irrespective of its beinc affected by the tide.
—PuIz1ie river. A river where there is a cum- mon navigation exercised; otherwise called ii gniavigsble river." 1 Criibb, Real Prop. 17- 111.
RIXA. Lat. In the civil law. rel; a strife of words. C:1]\‘iEl.
RIXATRIX. In old English low. A scold; a scolding or quarrelsome woman. 4 Bl. Comm. 168.
ROAD. A highway; an open way or D“!!- lic passage; :1 line of travel or caininnnication extending from one town or place to an- other; a strip of land appropriated and used for purposcs of travel and communication
between diiferent places. See Stokes v. Scott