Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/1121

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violent depredation on the highway, or accompanied by house-breaking. Alis. Prln. Scotch Law 227.

STOWAGE. In muritune law. The storing, pncliing, or arranging of the calgo in a ship, in such a manner as to protect the goods trom friction, bruising, or damage from iealmge.

Money paid for a ruuin where goods are

laid; hous.1ge Wharton.

STOWE. In old Llnghsh Iuw. A Valley. C0. Lltt. 40.

STRADDLE. In stock-brokers’ parlance

the telm means the double puvllege of u "put" and a kl-‘x'1ii," and secures to the holder the right to deinand of the seller at a certain price \\ithin a certain tune a certain number of shares of specified stuck, or to require him to, at the same price within the same time, the same shares of stock. Harris v. Tumbudge, 83 N. 1’. 95. 38 Am. Rep. 398.

STRAMINEUS HOMO. L. Lat. A man of straw, one of no substance, put forward as boil or surety.

STRAND. A shore or bank or the sea or a I‘I\EI'. Donne v. \\ illcutt, 5 Gray (l\.Iass.) ” 66 Am. Dec. 369; Bell v. Hayes, 60 App. 1)i\. 952. 1:9 N. Y. Supp. b'.lS; SLLllm.m v. Burfeind. 21 App. mv. 15, 47 N. Y. supp. 280.

STRANDING. In maritime law. The diilting, driving, or running aground of a ship on a shore or strand. Acc~zden.tul stranding takes place where the ship is driven on shore by the winds and waves. Iulunlary stmiuling hikes place “here the ship is run on shore either to preserxe her from a worse fate or for some fraudulent purpose. Marsh. lns. bk. I. C. " § I. See Barrow v. Bell, 4 Burn. & C. 736; Strong v. Sun Mut. Ins. Co., .-SI N. Y. 106, 85 Am Dec. 242; Lake V. Coiumbus Ins. Co., I3 Ohio, 55, 42 Am. Dec. 158; London Assur. Co. v. Compauhia de Mougcns, I67 U. S. 149. 17 Sup. Ct. 785, 42 L. Ed. 113.

STRANGER IN BLOOD. Any person not Within the consideration of nntuml love and miection nrising from reintionshlp.

STRANGERS. By this term is intended third persons generally. Thus the persons bound by a fine are parties, privies, and strangers; the parties are either the cogni- znrs or coguizecs: the privies are such as are In any smy rt-.-lated to those who levy the flue. and claim under them by any right or blood, or other right of repl-csentation; the stran- gers are all other persons In the world, except only the parties and prirles. In its general legal signification the term is opposed to the uord "privy." Those who are in no w.\y parties to a co\ enant, nor bound by It, are



also said to be strangers to the covenant. Brown. See Robbins v. Chicago, 4 wall. 67:}, 18 L. Ed -127; O'Donnell v. Mclntyre, 118 N. 1'. I56, 3.: N. E. -155; Bennett V. Chandler, 109 Ill. {H N. E. I052; lurk V. Morr'- 40 Ala 2:1 , U. S. v. Hendeilong (C. 1:.) 102 Fed. 2.


BTRATAGEM. A deception either by words or anions, in times OI war. in order to obtain an advztnlzuge ower an enemy.

STRATOCRACY. A military government; guu-zrument by military chiefs of an army.

STRATOR. In old English law. veyor of the hmhwnys.

A eur-



STREAM. A current or water; a body of flouing water. The word, In its ordinary sense, includes riwels. But Callia defines a stream ‘a current of waters running over the level at random, and not kept in with banks or waiis." U-all. Sew. [$3.] I33. See Muuson v. lzlungerford, G Barb. (N. Y.) : French v. Uurhnrt, I N. Y. IU7; MI er v. Bi-ucl: Rock Springs Imp. 00., ‘J9 Va. 7, 40 S. E 27, 86 Am St. Itep. 9'24; Arllifield V. Suite, 27 Ind. App. 4158. 61 N. E. U33; Trustees of Schools v. Schroll. I20 I11. 301), I2 N. E. 243, 60 Am. Rep. 575.

—-Private stream. A non-navigable creek or Wl1[.el'-LUIJYSL‘. l..he bed or chunnel of which is ex- clusnely uvxntd by a private individual. See Adams \. I’ca.-e, 2 Conn. 454: It».-ynolds v. Com., 93 Pa. 4451.

STREAMING FOR TIN. The process of Working tin in Cornwall and Devon The right to stream mnst not be exercised so as to interfere with the rights or other private individuals: e. g.. either by withthawing or by polluting or choking up the water-courses or Waters of others: and the statutes 23 Hen. VIII. c. S, and 27 Hen. VIII. 1:. 23, impose a penalty or £20 for the offense. Brown.

STREET. An urban way or thorough- fare; a road or public way in a city, town, or village, generally paved, and lined or lutended to be lined by houses on each side. See U. S. v. Bnin, 2:} Fed. Cas. 9-I3; Brace v. New York Cent R. Co.. 27 N. Y. 271; In re Woolsey. 95 N. Y. 138; Deholt v. Carter. 3I Ind 367; Theobald v. Railway Co.. 66 Miss. 279. 6 South. 230, 4 L. R. A. 735, 14 Ann. St. Rep. :'a(‘rI.

In the old books. To “The habendmn should 1 Leon. 58.

STREIGHTEN. narrow or restrict. not straighten the dexise."

STREPITUS. In old records. Estrepement or strip; a species of waste or destl uction of property. Spehnan.