Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/1178

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TREASON

of actions, though his deeds tsken severally dc not amount to actual treason. This doctrine is not known in the United St:1tes.—I-[igh treason. In English law. Treason against the king or sovereign, as distinguished from petit or petty treason, which might formerly he rouitnitttd against a subject. 4 Bl. Comm. 74,

I»; 4 Stepb. Comm. 183. 184, note.—Misprision of treason. Sec l\'I1Sl’ElSION.—-Petit treason. In English law. The crime com- mitted by a wife in killing her husband, or a servant his lord or muster, or an ecclesinstic his lord or ordinary. 4 Bl. Comm. '{5.—Trea.- son-felony, under the English statute 11 & 12 \’ict. c. 12. passed in 1848, is the offense o_f compassing. devising. etc., to depose her mu]- test)’ from the crown: or to levy war in order to intimidate either house of pariiament, etc., or to stir up foreigners by any printing or writing Io invade the kingdom. This olfense is punishnbie with penal servitude for iifc, or for any term not less than live years. etc., under statutes 11 S: 12 Vict. c. 12, 5 3: 20 B: 21 Vict. c. 3. § 2: 21 & 28 Vict. c. 47, § 2. By the statute first above mentioned, the government is enabled to treat as feiony many offenses which must formerly have been treated as bigh treason. Mozley & Whitiey.

TREASONABLE. Having the nature or guilt of treason

TREASURE. A treasure is a thing hidden or buried in the earth, on which no one can prove his property, and which is discovered by chance. Civil Code La. art. 3423, par. 2. See 1‘REASUBE-TEOVE.

TREASURE-TROVE. Literally, treas- ure ft.-uud. Money or coin, goid, silver, plzite or bullion found hidden in the earth or other private place, the owner thereof being un- imcvwn. 1 Bl. Comm. 295. Calied in Latin "flxztsaurus c'm:entus;" aud in Saxon "funde1'i.uya." See Huthmacher v Harris, 38 Pa. 493, 80 Am. Dec. 502; Livermore v. White, 74 1\Ie. 450, 43 Am. Rep. 600; Sovern v. Yoran, 16 Or. 269, m Pac. 100. 8 Am. St. Rep. 293. _

TREASURER. An officer of a public or [)I'lv1tE corporation, company, or government, charged with the receipt, custody, and dislllil’Se11lBl.li’, of its moneys or funds. See State v. Eames, 39 La. Ann. 986, 3 South. 93; Mutual L. Ins. Co. v. Martien, 27 Mont. 437, 71 Pac. 470; Weld v. May. 9 Cush. (Mass) 189; 1n re Mlllward-Cliff Cracker Co.'s Estote. 161 Pa. 167. 28 At]. 1072. —-Treasurer. lord high. Formerly the chief t]‘P.'ll-'IIl'k'l' of England, who had charge of the moneys in the exchequer, the chancellor of the exchequer being under him. He appointed ail revenue officers and escheators, and leased crown lands. e office is obsolete, and his duties are now performed by the lords commissinners of the treasury. Stim. Gioss.

'l.‘R.EASU'RER’S REMEMBRANCER. In English law. He whose charge was to put the lord treasurer and the rest of the judges of the exchequer in remembrance of such things as were called on and dealt in for the sovereigns behoot. There is still one in Scotland. Wharton.

1170

TREBLE DAMAGES

TREASURY. A place or building in which stores of wealth are reposited; partic- uinrly, a place where the public revenues are deposited and kept, and where money is dis- bursed to defray the expenses of government Webster.

That department of government which is charged with the receipt, custody, and dis- bursement (pursuant to appropriations) of the public revenue or funds.

—'l.‘rea.ln ‘bench. In the English house of commons. ‘die fiist row of seats on the right hand of the speaker is so called, because occu- pied by the first lord of the treasury or pricnipal minister of the crown. I’-ro\\n.—'l.‘reas- nry chest fund. 5 fund. in Engiund, origi- nating ln the unusuni balances of certain grants of public money, and which is used for banking and loan purposes by the commissioners of the treasury. Its amount was iimited by St. 24 & 25 Vict. c. 127, and has been further reduced to one miilion pounds, the residue heing transferred to the consoiidoted fund, by St 36 & 37 Vict. c. 56. \\-'harton.—'I’rensury note. A note or Iyiii issued by the treasury depart- ment by the authority of the United States government, and circuiating as money. See Brown v. State, 120 Ala. 3-12. 25 South. 182.

TREATY. In international law. An agreement between two or more independent states. Brande. An ngreement, league, or contract between two or more nations or sovereigns, formally signed by commissioners properly authorized, and solemnly roti- fied by the several sovereigns or the supreme power of each state. Wehatsr; Cherokee Nation v. Georgia. 5 Pet. 60, S L. Ed. 25; Edye v. Rohertwii, 112 U. S. 530, 5 Sup. Ct. 247, 28 L. Ed. 798; Hoimes v. Jennison. 14 Pet. 571, 10 L. Ed. 579: U. S. v. Itausr-hcr, 119 U. S. 407, 7 Sup. Ct. 234. 30 L. Ed. 425; Ex parte Ortiz (C. C.) 100 Fed. 962.

In private law, “treaty" signifies the discussion of terms which Immediately precedes the conclusion of a contract or other trims- action. A warranty on the sale of goods, to be valid, must he made during the “rreuty" preceding the sale. Chit. Cant. 419; Sweet —Trenty of peace. A treaty of peace is an agreement or contract made by heiiigercut pow- ers. in which they agree to iny down their arms, and by which they stipulate the conditions of peace and regulate the manner in which it is to be restored and supported. Va - tei, b. 4, C. 2, § 9.

TREBELLANIC PORTION. In Conse- quence of this article, the treheiianic portion of the civil law—that is to say, the portion of the property of the testator which the Instituted heir had a right to detain when he was charged with a fidci commissa or fiduciary bequest——is no longer a part of our law." Oiv. Code La. art. 1520, par. 3.

TREBLE COSTS. See COSTS.

TREBLE DAMAGES. Lnprnetlce. Dam-

ages given iyy statute in certain cases, consisting of the single damages found by the