Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/1219

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nary corporations. 2 Kent, Comm. 300-303; 1 Bl. Comm. 480, 481. In England, the visitetion of ecclesiastical corporations belongs to the ordinary. id. See Trustees of Union Baptist Ass'n v. Hunn, 7 Tea. Civ. App. 249, 26 S. W. 755; Allen v. Mcliean. 1 Fed. Cas. 498.

VISITATION BOOKS. In English law. Books compiled by the heralds, when prog- resses were soiemniy and regulariy made into every part of the kingdom, to inquire into the state of fiimiiies, and to register such marriages and descents as were verified lo them upon oath; they were !11lIJW€d to be good evidence of pedigree. 3 Bl. Comm. 105; 3 Steph. Comm. 724.

VISITOR. An inspector of the government of corporations, or bodies politic. 1 Bl. Comm. 482.

Visitor is an inspector of the government of a corporation. etc. The oi-din-iry is visitor of spiriluai corpoiiitions. Biil corporations instituted for private charity, if they are iay, are v' in ie by the founder, or whom he shall appoint; from the sentence of such visitor there lies no appeal. By implication of law, the founder and his heirs are visitors of lay foiindiitious, if no particuiar person is appointed by him to see that the charity is not perverted. Jacob.

The term "visitor" is also appiied to an odici-.ii appointed to see and report upon persons found lunatics by inquisition, and to a person appointed by a schooi board to visit houses and see that parents are compiying with the provisions in reference to the education of their children. Mozley & Whitley.

VISITOR OF MANNERS. The regarder's oliice in the forest Manw. i. 195.

VISNE. L. Fr. The neighborhood; vic- inage; venue. Ex parte McNeeiey, 36 W. Va. 84, 14 S. E. 4&6. 15 L. R. A. $0, 32 Am. St. Rep. S31; State v. Kemp, 34 Minn. 61, 24 N. W. 349.

VISUS. Lat. In old Eugiish practice. View; inspection. either of a plzice or person.

VITIATZE. To impair; to make void or voidzihie; to cause to fnii of force or effect; to destroy or annul. either entirely or in part, the legal eiliciicy and binding force of an act or instrument; as when it is said that fraud oitiutes a contract.

VITILIGATE. To iitigate caviiously, vexatiously, or from merely quarrelsome motives.

VITIOITS l'N'l'RO1\/IISSION. In Scotch law. An unwarrantabie intermeddling with the movable estate of a person deceased, without the order of lziw. Etsk. Prin. b. 3, tit. 9, § 25. The irregular intermeddling with the effects of a deceased person, which



suiijects the party to the whole debts of the deceased. 2 Kames, Eq. 327.

VITIUM CLERICI. In oiil English law. The mistake of a clerk; a cleiiczil error.

Vithnn clerici nocere non debet. Jenk. Cent 23. A cierical error ought not to hurt.

Vitinin est quad fugi debet, nisi, rationem nan invenins, mo: legem sine ratione ease olnines. Ellesni. Post. i.\'. 56. It is a fanit which ought to be avoided, that if you cannot discover the reason you should presently exclaim that the law is without reason.

VITIUM SCRIPTORIS. In Oid English law. The fault or mistake of a wiiter ul‘ copyist; a cierlcai error. Gilli. Forum Hum. 185.

VITRICUS. Lat. In the civil law. A stepfather; a mother’: second husband. Cai- vin.

VIVA AQUA. Lat. In the civil law. Living water; running water; that \\ hich issues from a spring or fountain. Calvin.

VIVA PECUNIA. Lat. Cattle, which obtained this name from being I‘(-BLEIVEII during the Saxon period as money upon most occasions, at certain reguiated prices. Cowell

VIVA VOCE. Lat. With the living voice; by word of mouth. As appiied to the examination of witnesses, this phrase is equivaient to “oi.-illy." It is used in contra- distinctlou to evidence on affldavits or depo- sitions. As descriptive of a species of voting, it signifies voting by speech or outcry, as distinguished from voting by a written or printed bnliot.

VIVARIUM. Lat. In the civil law. An inclosed piace, where live wild animals are kept. Calvin; Spelman.

VIVARY. In Eugiish law. A place for keeping wild animais aiive, including fishes; a tlsh pond, park, or warren.


Viz nun lax fie:-i potent qua: omnibus conunoda sit, sad I} major-i pin-ti prospiciat, utiliu est. Scarceiy any law can be made which is adapted to all, but, it it pro- vide for the greater part. it is useful. Plowd. 369.

VIZ. A contraction for vtdclicct. to-wit, nameiy, that is to say.

VOCAIBULA ARTIS. art; technicni teruis.

Int. Words of