Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/1222

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VOUCHER. A receipt, acquittance, or release, which may serve as evidence of pay- ment or discharge of :1 debt, or to certify the correctness of accollnts. An account-book containing the acqulfrances or receipts shou ing the act-onntant's discharge of his obligations. W'hitu'ell v. Wiiiard. 1 l\letc. (Mass) 213. l‘he term "voucher." when used in connection with the disbursements of moneys. impiies some written or printed instrument in the nature of a rot-nipt, note, aecnnnt, hiil of particulars. or something of that character which shows on what account or by what authority a particular payment has been made, and winch may be kept or filed away by the pony recening it, for his own convenience or protection, or that of the public. People v. Swizz-rt, 107 Ill. 504. In old conveyancing. The person on whom the tenant calls to defend the title to the land, because be warranted the title to him at the tlme or the original purchase.

VOUCHER. T0 WARRANTY. The calling one who has warranted lands, by the party warranted, to come and defend the suit for him. Co. Litt. 101b,

Vox omlssa volat; liters scripts l.'IlBI- net. The spoken word fiies; the written let- ster remains. Broom, Max. 666.

VOX SIGNATA. In Scotch practice. An emphatic or essential word. 2 Alla. Crlm. Pr. 250.

VOYAGE.}} In ma.rltlnJe law. The passing of a vessel by sea from one place, port, or country to another. The term is held to include the enterprise entered upon, and not merely the route. Friend v. Insurance C0,, 113 Mass. 326.

—Foreign voyage. A voyage to some port or place within the territory of a foreign nation. The terminus of a voyage determines its character. If it be within the limits of a foreign jurisdiction, it is a foreign voyage, and not otherwise Taber v. United States. 1 Story. 1, Fed. Cas. No. 13,722; Ihe Three Brothers. 23 Fed. Cas. 1.162.—Voyage insured. In insurance law. A transit at sea from the terminus a quo to the terminals ad quom. in a prescribed course of navigation, which is never set out in any policy, but virtually forms parts of oil policies, and is as binding on the parties thereto as though it were minutely derailed. 1 Arn. Ins. 333.—Voyage policy. See POLICY or INSURANCE.

VRAIC. Seaweed. It is used tn great quantities by the inhabitants of Jersey and Guernsey for manure, and also for fuel by the poorer classes.

VS. An abbreviation for versus, (against) constantly used in legal proceedings, and especially in entitling cases.

Vnlgaris npinlo out duplex, 1711., nrta inter graves at discretos, qua! mnltnrn vex-itatis ha‘bet, ct opinio orta inter lever at vulgares homines ahsque specie veritatia. 4 Coke, 107. Common opinion is of two kinds, viz., that which arises among grave and dlscreet men, which has much truth ln it, and that which arlses among light. and common men, without any appearance of truth.

VULGARIS PURGATIO.}} Lat. IJJ oid Engilsh law. Common purgatitm: a name given to the trial by ordeal, to distinguish it from the canonicni purgation, which was by the oath of the party. 4 Bl. Comm. 342.

VUTLGO CONGEPTI. law. Spurious children;

Lat. In the elvll bastards.

VULGO QUESITI. Lat. In the civil law. Spurious children; literally, gotten from the people; the offspring of promiscuous cohabitation, who are considered as having

no father. Inst. 3, 4, 3; Id. 3, 5, 4.