Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/1239

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WOODWARDS

trees. The old books say that a grant of "all his woods" (airmen bosons sues) will pass the land, as well as the trees growing upon it. Co. Litt. -112. See Averitt v. Murrell, 49 N. G. 323; Hall v. Crantord, 50 N. G. 3; Achenhach v. Johnston, 84 N. C. 264.

WOODWARDS. Officers of the forest, whose duty consists in looking after the wood and vert and venison, and preventing offenses relating to the same. Manw. 139.

WOOL-SACK. The seat of the lord chacnellor of England in the house of lords. heing a large square bug of wool, without back or aims, covered with red cloth. Webster; Brande.

WOOL SORTERS’ DISEASE. In med- ical jurisprudence. A popular name for ma- lignant antlii-ax, a disease characterized by malignant pustules or carhuncles, caused by infection by putrid animal matter containing the bacillus anthracls, and chlefly prevalent among persons whose business is to handle wool and hides, such as tanners, butchers, and herdsinen. See Bacon v. United States Mut. Acc Ass‘n, 123 N. Y. 304, 25 N. E. 399, 9 L. R. A. 617, 20 Am. St. Rep. 1 S.

WORDS. As used in law, this word gen-

erally signifles the technical terms and phrases appropriate to particular instruments, or iiptly fitted to the expression of a particular intention in legal instruments. See the subtitles following. —Words of in-_t. The vocabulary or termin- ology of a pnrticuliir_ art 0l'_Sl5IElJC€,_fl_fld especially those expressions wlucli are idininaiic or peculiar to it. See Cargill v. TllOIUIlSDfl: 57 Minn. S34. 59 N. W. 633.-—\Wii:r:ls of limita- See Limi'A1'1oN.——Woz-_ds of px‘nc!_'ea_.- tion. To create on estate tziil 1_iy (l(‘L‘(l. it is necessary that words of procreation should be used in order to conflne the estate to the descendants of the first grantee, as in the usual form of liniitaLion.—"to A, and the heirs of his hodv." Sii'eet.—Wo1'ds of purchase. SP9 Puncn.Asi:.

WORK AND LABOR. The name of one of the common counts in actions of assump- s-it. Iieing for work and labor done and materials furnished by the plnintifi for the defend-ant.

WORK-BEAST, or WORK-HORSE. These terms mean an animal of the horse kind, which can be rendered [it for service, as well as one of maturer age and in actual use. “infiey v. Zimmerman, 8 Bush (Ky.) 587.

WORK-HOUSE. A place where con- iicts (or paupers) are confined and kept at labor.

WORKING DAYS. In settling lay-days, or dnys of deinurrage, sometimes the contract specifies “working diiys;" in the computation, Sundays and custom-house holidays are excluded. 1 Bell, Comm. 577.

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W0 RT

WORKMAN. One who labors; one who is employed to do business for another.

WORKS. This term means sometimes a mill, tacmry, or other establishment for performing industrial labor of any sort, (South St. Joseph Land Co. v. Pitt, 114 M0. 135, 21 S. W. 449,) and sometimes a building, structure, or erection of any kind upon land, as in the civil-law phrase “new works."

—New works. A term of the civil law comprehending every sort of ediflce or other structure which is newly commenced on a given estate or lot. Its importance lies chiefly in the fact that a remedy is given (“denunciation of new works") to an adjacent proprietor whose property would be injured or subjected to ii more onerous servitude if such B, work were Illlowed to proceed to con1piel.ion.—Public works. Works, whether of construction or adaptation. undertaken and carried out by the national, state, or municipal iiuthorities, and designed to subserve some purpose of public noc- essity. use, or convenience: such as puhlic build- llL§S. roads, aqucducts, parks. etc. See Ellis v. Common Council, 123 i\[ich. 567. S2 N. W. 2-H: Winters v. Duluth, 82 Minn. 127. 8-1 N. W. TSS.

WORLD. This term sometimes denotes all persons whatsoever who may have, claim, or acquire an interest in the subject-matter; as in saying that a judgment hi rem binds "all the world."

WORSHIP. The act of offering honor and adoration to the Divine Belng. Religious exercises participated in by a numher of persons assembled for that purpose, the disturbance of which is it statutory offense in many states. See Hanisher v. llninsliei-. 132 111. 273, 22 N. E. 1123. S L. R. A. 556; State v. District Board, 76 Wis. 177, 44 N. W. 907. 7 L. R. A. 330. 20 Am. St. Rep. 41; State r. Buswell, 40 Neil. 158, 58 N. W. 728, 24 L. R. A. US.

In English law. A title of honor or dignity used in addresses to certiilii innglstrates and other persons of rank or office

—Publie worsliip. This term may mean the viorship of God, conducted and observed under puhlic nIJtl]0l'lt,V', or it may mean worship in an open or public pluce, without privacy or concealment; or it may mean the performance of religious exercises, under a provision for en equai right in the whole puhlic to participate in its benefits: or it may he used in contmilistinctinn to worship in the family or the closet. In this country, what is called “public wor-

ship" is commonly conducted by voluntary so-

cieties, constituted according to their own notions of ecclesiastical authority and ritual pro- priety. opening their places of W0l‘SlliD, and ad- mitting to their religious services such persons, nnd upon such terms, and suhject to such reg- ulations, as they may choose to dcsignnte nnd estehlish. A church absolutely belonging to the puhlic, and in which all persons without restriction have equai rights. such as the public enjoy in highways or public landings, is certainlv a very rare institution. Attorney General v. Mar. rimack Mfg. Co., 14 Gray (Mass) 586.

WORT, or WORTH. A cnrtilage or

country farm.