Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/156

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rlons made by man) which may serve to define and fix one or more of the lines inclosing an estate or piece of property, such as a water- course, a line of growing trees, a bluff or mountain chain, or the like. See Peuker v. Canter, 62 Kim. 363. fifl Pac. 617; Stapieford v. Brinson. 24 N. C. 311 ; I‘.urel:a Mining, etc., o. v. Way. 11 Nev. 1Tl.—Privste boundary. An artificial bonndiuy, consisting of some monu- ment or landmark set up by the hand of man to mark the beginning or direction of a bound- ary line of londs.—Pu‘blic ‘boundnx-y. A natural boundary; a natural object or land- mark used as a boundary of a tract of land, or as s heginning point for a boundary line.

{{anchor+|.|BOUNDED TREE. A tree marking or standing at the corner of a field or estate.

{{anchor+|.|BOUND]-DRS. In American law. Visihle marks or objects at the ends of the lines drawn in surveys of land, showing the courses and distances. Burrill.

{{anchor+|.|BOUNDS. In the English law of mines, the trespass committed by a person who ex- cavates minerals under-ground beyond the boundary of his land is called "working out of hounds."

{{anchor+|.|BOUNTY. A gratuity, or an unusual or additional benefit conferred upon, or compensation paid to, a cl Iss of persons. Iowa v. l\lcI<‘:i1'lnnd. 110 U. S. 471, 4 Sup. Ct. 210, 28 L. Ed. 198.

A premium given or offered to induce men to enlist into the public service. The term is applicable only to the payment made to the enlisted man, as the inducement for his service, und not to a premium paid to the man through whose intervention, and -by whose procurement, the recruit is ohtained and mustered. Abbe v. Allen, 39 How. Prue. (N. Y.) 43.9.

It is not easy to discriminate between bounty. reward, and bonus. he former is the appro- priate term, however, where the services or action of many persons are desired, and each who acts upon the‘ offer may entitle himself to the promised gr-ituity, without prejudice from or to the claims of others: while reward is more proper in the case of a. single service, which cnu be oniv once performed, it therefore will be earned only by the person or co—operntive persons who snowed while others faii. Thus, hounties are offered to all who will enlist in the army or navy: to all who will engage in certain fisheries which government desire to encourage: to all who kill dangerous beasts or noxious creatllres. A reward is offered for rescuing a person from a V\I'P(‘k or fire: for detccling and arrestin: an otfendcr: for finding a Inst clmttel. Kircher v. Murmv. (C. (1.) 54 Fed. (".512 Ingram v. (Vulcan. 106 (‘H1 113. 33 Pac. . :. 28 L. R. A. 137. 46 Am. St Rep. 221.

Bnnus, as compared with bounty. su,-z_cests the idea of a gratuity to induce a money trans- action between individuals: a peroe-ntnge or gift. upon a loan or 1r'ui=f(-r of property, or a. surrender of a right‘ Abbott.

—Bounty lands. Portions of the pnlllic do- main given to soltli-is for military servir-es, by wav of bonnty.—Bunnt_v of Queen Anne. A name given to a rnvni charter, which was con- firmed by 2 Anne. c. 11. ubercbv all the revenue of first-fruits and tenths was rested in trustees. to form a pr.-metuul fund for the augmentation



of poor ecclesiastical livings. Wharton.—Mill- tnry bounty land. Land granted by various laws of the United States, by way of bounty, to soldiers for services rendered in the army.’ being given in lieu of a money payment.

{{anchor+|.|BOUEG. In old French law. An lissemhlage of houses surrounded with walls; a fortified town or village.

In old English law. A borough, a village.

{{anchor+|.|BOURGEOIS. In old French law. inhabitant of a lmury, (q. o.)

A person entitled to the privileges of a municipal corporation; a burgess.


{{anchor+|.|BOUESE. Fr. An exchange; il stock- exchange. {{anchor+|.|BOUESE DE COMMERCE. In the

French law. An aggregation, sanctioned by government, of merchants, captains of vessels, exchange agents, and courtlers, the two latter being nominated by the government, in each city which has a bourse. Brown.

{{anchor+|.|BOIJSSOLE. In French marine law. A compass; the mariner's compass.

{{anchor+|.|BOUWERYE. Dutch. In Old New York law. A farm; a farm on which the farmer‘: family resided.

{{anchor+|.|BOUWMEESTER. Dutch. York law. A farmer.

In old New

{{anchor+|.|BOVATA TERRE. As much land as one or can cultivate. said by some to he thirteen, by others eighteen, acres in extent Skene; Spelman; Co. Litt. 5a.

{{anchor+|.|BOW-BEAR]-DR. An under-officer of the torest, whose duty it was to oversee and true inquisition make, as well of sworn men as ulisworn, in every bniliwick of the fore~ \; and of all manner of irespasses done, either to vert or venison, and cause them to ‘be presented, Without any concealment, in the next court of attachment, etc. Cramp. Jur. 201.

B 0 W Y E It 5. Manufacturers of bows and shafts. An ancient company of the city of London.

{{anchor+|.|BOYCOTT. A conspiracy formed and intended directly or indiiectly to pi'eveut the carrying on of any lawful business, or to injure the business of any one by wrougfnliy preventing those who would be customers from buying anything from or employing the representatives of said business, by threats, intimidation, or other torcibie means. Gray V. Building Trades Coui il. 91 Minn. 171, 97 N. W. 663, 63 L. R. A. 7 3. 103 Ann. St. Rep. 477; state v. Giiddeu, 55 Conn 46, 8 At‘.

890, 3 Am. St. Itep. 23; In re Cramp, 84 Va.